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As you navigate through this PowerPoint, make sure you fill in the provided worksheet. 20 th CENTURY ART of England and Mexico most noted artists. MEXICO – Introduction.
Mexico has had a history of political unrest ever since its war for independence in 1810-1821. From 1821-1857, 50 different governments were in power. After 1857, the government continued to be unstable as liberals and conservatives fought for power. It was not until the 1940s that uprisings ended and the republic gained more strength. The events since 1810 led to a time of great turmoil, experienced by the artists and therefore reflected in their art.
1810-1821: Declaration and war for independence
1846: Mexican-American war
1848: Loss of Texas and part of California to the US
1853: US purchases land on the border
1858: Benito Juarez takes power in a liberal reform period
1862: the Battle of Puebla and the French take control of Mexico
1867: Assassination of the Archduke and end of French control.
1877: The Porfiriato (Porfirio Diaz takes complete control after election)
1910-1920: Mexican Revolution
1911: Porfirio Diaz (exiled), Francisco Madero (assassinated)
1913: Francisco León de la Barra, Pedro Lascuráin, Victoriano Huerta (arrested)
1914: Francisco Carbajal, EulalioGutiérrez, RoqueGonzález Garza, Venustiano Carranza
1915: Francisco Chazaro, Venustiano Carranza
1917: Creation of the modern constitution
1919: Assassination of Emiliano Zapata
Diego en Mi Pensamiento (Diego in My Thoughts), 1943
Part of the mural La Gran Tenochtitlan, (The Great Tenochtitlan) 1945
Dos Hermanos (Two Brothers), 1987
In contrast to Mexico’s history full of political issues, England’s history from 1810-1920 was concentrated on the industrial revolution and the advancement of technology to improve lives. While England did participate in several wars including World War I, the government was stable. England had six kings and queens during this time period. Instead of reflecting politics, there would be a whole new theme to the art produced at this time.
1812-1815 – War of 1812 (US, France)
1837 – Queen Victoria assumes the throne
1845 – Irish Potato Famine and immigration to the US
1851 – The Great Exhibition (A fair displaying the products of the continuing industrial revolution)
1854-1856 – Crimean War with Russia
1860 – First public toilet (movement for sanitary conditions in cities)
1863 – Opening of the Underground
1868 – Discovery of disinfectants
1876 – Elementary education required
1877 – First public electric lighting
1883 – First electric railway system
1902 – Boer War with Dutch in Africa
1914 – Beginning of World War I
1918 – End of World War I
1920 – Ireland gains independence
White Relief, 1933
Reclining Figure, 1939
Figure in Frame, 1950