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Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages

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  1. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages National Association of Consumer/Survivor Mental Health Administrators

  2. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages Dear Joyce, I wanted you to know that I have only been in the hospital 1 hour, 

  3. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages and already 7 people have come to me about the conference and how it changed their life,

  4. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages and one person said, "The train has left the station. We are already doing great things and we will continue to do even better."

  5. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages Another person used the word ‘patient’ and corrected themselves in front of others.

  6. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages “I don't know if I like the word consumer, but it's what people with psychiatric illness want to be called and it is their right to have us do that."

  7. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages They talked about the profound change that occurred for everyone in the room on Wed.

  8. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages They said, "It was as though the earth moved and shifted inside all of us.”

  9. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages This was a life changing experience and I will never be the same again.

  10. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages There are already plans for a monthly workgroup. I am so thankful that you, Carol and Erica came to us now and are helping to shift the paradigm.

  11. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages Thank you for all the wonderful presentations. We are very blessed to know you. Susan

  12. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages “Be the change you want to see in others.” Mahatma Ghandi

  13. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MESSAGE FROM SAMHSA ADMINISTRATOR INTRODUCTION HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL

  14. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MODULE 1: THE PERSONAL EXPERIENCE OF RESTRAINT AND SECLUSION A.Background for the Facilitator B.Setting the Stage C.Overview D.Special Needs Populations E.Personal Perspective: Consumers F.Personal Perspective: Line Staff G.Journal/Take Action Challenge H.Wrap Up and Evaluation I.Resources for the Facilitator

  15. Exercise: Getting to Know You

  16. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • OBJECTIVE: To give an opportunity for participants to get to know one another and begin discussing their own experiences related to seclusion and restraint.

  17. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • PROCESS: Ask participants to pair up with a person they don’t know very well. Have them introduce themselves to each other and share their first experience with seclusion and restraint. If time allows, also include their most difficult restraint and seclusion experience. What was their most recent experience with restraint and seclusion? Have each participant introduce their partner and at least one feeling word (e.g. sad, elated, scared, frightened, powerful, and repulsed) to describe their experience. On the chalkboard or dry erase board, keep a list of feelings expressed.

  18. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • DISCUSSION • QUESTIONS: • What are the similarities you heard about first experiences of seclusion and restraint? • Which feelings were most common? • How has your experience of restraint and seclusion changed/stayed the same over time?

  19. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • MATERIALS REQUIRED: • Chalkboard or dry erase board and writing utensil. • APPROXIMATE TIME REQUIRED: • 30 minutes. • SOURCE: • Buffington, Geisler, Jorgenson, 2002

  20. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint Reliving violence from the past Feeling helpless, what are we supposed to do?

  21. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint Chaos Unpleasant Little training-need to think quickly

  22. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint Not sure if I could do it Once hands on— I had to help Felt bad

  23. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint Intensity - hair rising on back of neck Choking First memory—faceless—body bag, person got out somehow

  24. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint Awful, painful experience Cold wet sheets, kids tied to chairs Violent, handled with greater force than necessary

  25. Staff Responses to Participating in Seclusion/Restraint First experience with her mother, never forget Scared Indignity of stripping, cold wet sheets

  26. Journal/Take Action Challenge

  27. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MODULE 2: UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF TRAUMA A.Background for the Facilitator B.Setting the Stage C.Overview D.Definitions Related To Trauma E.Common Reactions to Trauma F.Effects of Trauma on the Brain G.Differential Response to Threats H.Assessment of Trauma I.Retraumatization via Hospitalization J.De-Escalation Preferences K.What Survivors Want in Times of Crisis L.Secondary Traumatization M.Healing from Trauma N.Grounding Techniques O.Stress Management P.Journal/Take Action Challenge Q.Wrap Up and Evaluation R.Resources for the Facilitator

  28. Take Action Challenge From Module 1

  29. Module 2 Understanding the Impact of Trauma

  30. Learning ObjectivesUpon completion of this module the participant will: • Define trauma and describe how it can impact consumers in mental health settings • List common reactions to trauma, and identify how trauma affects the brain • Understand how hospitalization/restraint/ seclusion can be retraumatizing for consumers • Incorporate Trauma Assessment and De-escalation forms into current practices • Recognize and utilize positive coping mechanism to deal with secondary traumatization

  31. Dealing with the Effects of Trauma: A Self-Help Guide by Mary Ellen Copeland

  32. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MODULE 3: CREATING CULTURAL CHANGE A.Background for the Facilitator B.Setting the Stage C.Overview D.Pennsylvania: A Model for Reform E.Cultural Change F.Safety G.In Our Own Voices H.Journal/Take Action Challenge I.Wrap up and Evaluation J.Resources for the Facilitator

  33. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • Intrapersonal – occurring within the individual mind or self • Interpersonal – involving relationships between persons • Systems/Cultural Change

  34. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages “Be the change you want to see in others.” Mahatma Ghandi

  35. Defining Culture Culture: Who we are and how we do things

  36. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is…

  37. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… Lecture        Let’s first start with a picture of where your organization is right now – before proposing any changes.       Remember, all organizations have things they do well at and things they could improve on.Exercise/Discussion“My Organization Currently Is…”

  38. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • OBJECTIVE: Participants will identify current ecology, relationships, and leadership in their organization.

  39. PROCESS: Divide the group into three similar sized groups. Assign one group ecology, one group relationships, and one group leadership. Ask them to do an evaluation (positive and negative) of how their organization currently functions around these issues as it relates to the reduction of seclusion and restraint. Have each group report back their findings. The groups may want to write key points on the board or on a flip chart.Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • PROCESS: Divide the group into three similar sized groups. Assign one group ecology, one group relationships, and one group leadership. Ask them to do an evaluation (positive and negative) of how their organization currently functions around these issues as it relates to the reduction of seclusion and restraint. Have each group report back their findings. The groups may want to write key points on the board or on a flip chart.

  40. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • Leadership:·        Inspires others to see their own potential·        Foster relationship building among all·        Challenge process not people·        Teach “there could be a better way” attitude·        Remove barriers to possibility thinking·        Be a learning organization

  41. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • Ecology:·        Physical Surroundings·        Formal Policies and Rules·        Resources·        The Unit Culture·        Attitudes ·        Cultural Norms

  42. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… Relationships:       Front line staff peer relationships       Front line staff to administration • relationships       Front line staff to consumer relationships        Administrative staff to consumer relationships

  43. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • DISCUSSIONQUESTIONS: ·        Which of the three areas, ecology, relationships, and leadership, is most likely to support the reduction of seclusion and restraint at your facility? ·        Which of the three areas might struggle with these changes and why? ·        What works well and what is a problem related to seclusion and restraint?

  44. Exercise: My Organization Currently Is… • MATERIALS REQUIRED: Handout Module 3 – My Organization Currently Is…”        Chalk Board or flip chart.  APPROXIMATE TIME REQUIRED: 30 minutesSOURCE: Exercise by Geisler, Buffington, Jorgenson, 2002

  45. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MODULE 4: UNDERSTANDING RESILIENCE AND RECOVERY FROM THE CONSUMER PERSPECTIVE A.Background for the Facilitator B.Setting the Stage C.Overview D.Resilience E.Recovery F.Journal/Take Action Challenge G.Wrap Up and Evaluation H.Resources for the Facilitator

  46. Deegan Quote “People diagnosed with mental illness are resilient and are more than passive victims of disease processes. Professionals who learn to collaborate with the active, resilient, adaptive self of the client will find themselves collaborating in new and rewarding ways with people who may have been viewed as hopeless by others who reify [to regard (something abstract) as a material or concrete thing] diagnoses and related prophecies of doom” (Deegan, Ph.D., 2001).

  47. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages I DID WANT TO UPDATE YOU ON AN EXCITING EXPERIENCE LAST WEEK. I WAS ON THE UNIT WHEN A PATIENT TRIED TO HARM HERSELF , THEN SWUNG AND KICKED AT STAFF WHEN THEY INTERVENED…A MANUAL HOLD

  48. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages • ONE STAFF NOTICED CUES THAT THE PATIENT WAS CALM AND MAY NOT BE AN IMMEDIATE THREAT AND BEGAN A DIALOGUE • IS THERE ANOTHER WAY WE CAN DO THIS WITHOUT THE RESTRAINT SO THAT WE CAN KEEP EVERYONE SAFE

  49. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages DO YOU PROMISE NOT TO HURT ANYONE NOW? THE STAFF ASSESSESD THE INFORMATION TO BE CREDIBLE AND THE TEAM DISENGAGED THE RESTRAINT PROCESS. Leah

  50. Roadmap to a Restraint Free Environment for Persons of All Ages MODULE 5: STRATEGIES TO PREVENT RESTRAINT AND SECLUSION A.Background for the Facilitator B.Setting the Stage C.Overview D.Consumer Driven Supports E.Journal/Take Action Challenge F.Wrap Up and Evaluation G.Resources for the Facilitator