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Substitute Teacher Workshop. CSRA RESA  Phone (706) 556-6225 Fax: (706) 556-8891. Group Norms and Housekeeping. Group Norms: Ask questions Work toward solutions Honor confidentiality Meet commitments or let others know if you’re struggling. Housekeeping Phone calls Restrooms Breaks

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Substitute Teacher Workshop


Phone (706) 556-6225

Fax: (706) 556-8891

group norms and housekeeping
Group Norms and Housekeeping

Group Norms:

Ask questions

Work toward solutions

Honor confidentiality

Meet commitments or let others know if you’re struggling


Phone calls




partner up and let s get to know someone
Partner Up and Let’s Get to Know Someone!
  • Name
  • Have they substituted before?
  • Why do they want to be a substitute?
  • What problems do they anticipate OR what subjects do they want to cover in this workshop?
  • What grade levels do they prefer?
  • What is something interesting about your partner?
State Requirements

Background Check Requirements


Substitute Responsibilities



Professional Dress

Planning a Successful Lesson

Students with Special Needs

Classroom Management


Basic Survival Tips

Self Evaluation Form

Today’s Topics:

2. You enjoy the challenge of guessing what to wear each time the principal calls and says, “We’re not sure whether you will be teaching eighth grade language arts or second grade PE today, but just come prepared for either!”
5. Your presence in the room gives students many opportunities to think creatively, especially when you ask such questions as “How do you usually begin class?” or “What does your teacher normally do when you finish an assignment early?”
7. You believe that every child who wipes her nose on your best suit is displaying a positive sign of establishing good relationships with adults!

The REAL Top Seven Reasons to

Become a Substitute Teacher!

  • You have flexible work hours.
  • There are relatively few non-work responsibilities.
  • You can be influential to students.
  • Subbing is great practice for future teachers and for those who are considering becoming teachers.
  • You choose the age group of students to teach.
  • There are many chances to express your creativity.
  • Substitute teaching can be fun.
state requirements state rule 505 2 36 from o c g a 20 2 216 effective november 15 2004
State RequirementsState Rule 505-2-.36 From: O.C.G.A 20-2-216Effective November 15, 2004

Priority shall be given to persons with the highest qualifications. The qualifications are ranked as follows:

  • Possession of a valid or expired professional teaching certificate (or letter of eligibility for the same) based on a bachelor’s degree or higher;
  • Completion of a bachelor’s degree or higher;
  • Completion of at least one or more years of postsecondary training beyond a high school diploma ranked in order of number of years completed;
  • Possession of a high school diploma;
  • Possession of a GED certificate.
state requirements cont
State Requirements (cont.)
  • Any position that requires 46 or more consecutive days in a school year must be filled with a certified in-field teacher.
  • Substitute teachers who hold only a high school diploma or GED certificate may not work in any one classroom more than 10 consecutive days.
  • The employing school system must provide four hours of initial substitute training.
background check requirement
Background Check Requirement

From O.C.G.A. § 20-2-211 (2006)

  • All school employees must be fingerprinted and have a criminal record check.
  • The school system may employ a person for a maximum of 200 days in order to allow for the receipt of the results of the criminal record check.
  • Fingerprints must be submitted to the National Crime Information Center through the FBI or the US Department of Justice.
  • It is the duty of each law enforcement agency in this state to fingerprint those persons.
  • Fees required for a criminal record check may be paid by the local system or by the individual.

The substitute teacher:

  • is in charge of the classroom.
  • is responsible for delivery of the instructional program.
  • is responsible for the care, welfare, safety, and security of students in the classroom.
  • Is a professional who works closely with the paraprofessional and other school staff to ensure effective learning in the school.
  • is not a “babysitter” who wastes learning time when the teacher is absent.

Substitute Responsibilities

  • Be available and notify your schools of days that you are not available.
  • Answer the phone promptly and cheerfully!
  • Arrive on time.
  • Be prepared to do the duties of the regular teacher.
  • Be prepared to cover other duties during the regular planning period.
  • Be flexible. Assignments sometimes change.
substitute responsibilities cont
Substitute Responsibilities (cont.)
  • Report to the office upon arrival.
  • Know policies, rules, and the curriculum.
  • Follow lesson plans as closely as possible. .
  • At the end of the day, organize all materials and papers,
  • Leave the room orderly,
  • Return materials and equipment to their proper places.
  • Leave a note for the regular teacher regarding the activities of the day.
georgia law prohibits the use of tobacco in any public enclosed place
Georgia law prohibits the use of tobacco in any public enclosed place.

Tobacco Free Environment

  • Most local school systems prohibit smoking anywhere on their property and at all events sponsored in other areas.
code of ethics for georgia educators
Code of Ethics for Georgia Educators

Effective October 15, 2009

code of ethics
Code of Ethics
  • Definitions of terms
  • Eleven Standards
definition of an educator
Definition of an Educator
  • An educator is a teacher, administrator, or other personnel who holds a PSC certificate and persons who have applied for but have not yet received a certificate.
  • For the purpose of the Code of Ethics for Educators, “educators” also refers to paraprofessionals, aides, and substitute teachers.
definition of a student
Definition of a Student
  • A student is any individual enrolled in the state’s public or private schools from preschool through grade 12 or any individual between and including the ages of 3 and 17
standard one legal compliance
Standard One: Legal Compliance

An educator should abide by federal, state and local laws and statutes.

standard two conduct with students
Standard Two: Conduct with Students

An Educator should always maintain a professional relationship with all students, both in and outside the classroom.

standard two conduct with students cont
Standard Two: Conduct with Students (Cont)
  • Any Child Abuse
  • Harassment
  • Inappropriate Relationships (email, letters, phone calls, dates, etc.)
  • Furnishing tobacco, alcohol or drugs
standard three alcohol or drugs
Standard Three: Alcohol or Drugs

An Educator should refrain from the use of alcohol or illegal or unauthorized drugs during the course of professional practice

what is a school related activity
What is a school-related activity?
  • Any activity sponsored by the school or school system (booster clubs, parent-teacher groups, or any activity designed to enhance curriculum, i.e., Foreign Language trips
standard four honesty
Standard Four: Honesty
  • An educator should exemplify honesty and integrity in the course of professional practice.
unethical conduct includes misrepresenting



Employment History


Criminal History





Absences or Leave

Investigation or Inquiry

Unethical conduct includes misrepresenting
standard five public funds and property
Standard Five: Public Funds and Property

An educator entrusted with public funds and property should honor that trust with a high level of honesty, accuracy and


funds and property
Funds and Property
  • Misusing public or school-related funds
  • Failure to account for funds collected from students or parents
  • Submitting fraudulent requests for reimbursement of expenses or for pay
  • Co-mingling public or school-related funds with personal funds
  • Using school property without the approval of the local board of education/governing board.
standard six remunerative conduct
Standard Six: Remunerative Conduct
  • An educator should maintain integrity with students, colleagues, parents, patrons, or businesses when accepting gifts, gratuities, favors, and additional compensation.
standard seven confidential information
Standard Seven: Confidential Information
  • An educator should comply with state and federal laws and local policies relating to confidentiality of student and personnel records … covered by confidentiality agreements.
standard eight abandonment of contract
Standard Eight: Abandonment of Contract
  • An educator should fulfill all of the terms and obligations detailed in the contract with the local board of education or education agency for the duration of the contract.
standard nine required report
Standard Nine: Required Report
  • An educator should file reports of a breach of one or more of the standards in the Code of Ethics for Educators, child abuse (OCGA 19-7-5), or any other required report.
standard ten professional conduct
Standard Ten: Professional Conduct
  • An educator shall demonstrate conduct that follows generally recognized professional standards and preserves the dignity and integrity of the teaching profession.
unethical conduct includes
Unethical Conduct Includes:
  • Conduct that impairs ability to function professionally
  • Harassment of colleagues
  • Misuse/Mismanagement of tests or test items
  • Uncontrolled anger
  • Any pattern of conduct that is detrimental to students
standard eleven testing
Standard Eleven: Testing

An education shall administer state-mandates assessments fairly and ethically. Unethical conduct includes but is not limited too:

  • Committing any act that breaches Test Security
  • Compromising the integrity of the assessment

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act


(20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99)

  • Gives parents rights with respect to their children's education records.
  • Limits information to those who “need-to-know.”
ferpa cont
FERPA (cont.)
  • Schools must have written permission from the parent in order to release any information.
  • Information may be released to the following parties without parental permission.

a. Other schools to which a student is


b. Specified officials for audit or evaluation


c. Appropriate parties in connection with

financial aid to a student,

d. Organizations conducting certain studies for

or on behalf of the school,

e. Accrediting organizations,

f. To comply with a judicial order or lawfully

issued subpoena,

g. Appropriate officials in cases of health and

safety emergencies, and

h. State and local authorities within a juvenile

justice system.

5. “Directory" information such as a student's name, address, telephone number, date and place of birth, honors and awards, and dates of attendance are not protected information and may be released.

professional dress
Professional Dress
  • More formal dress will help establish a tone of respect and discipline among children.
  • Jeans and other recreational clothing are not usually appropriate.
  • Any item of clothing that causes a distraction, creates a safety hazard for the job, or disrupts the normal classroom environment is inappropriate.
  • Some teaching situations, such as physical education classes, may require a different mode of dress.
effective instruction
Effective Instruction
  • Start the class promptly.
  • Follow the lesson plans.
  • Address your students personally.
  • Make directions and instructions clear and concise.
  • In addition to giving oral directions, write them on the board.
  • State questions clearly, allowing time for students to think before responding.
effective instruction cont
Effective Instruction (cont.)
  • Be enthusiastic.
  • Involve as many students as possible in the lesson.
  • Provide equal opportunity for all students to respond.
  • Summarize each teaching segment.
  • Give clear and concise assignments.
  • Have some plans and activities that can be used if there are no lesson plans
structure of a lesson
Structure of a Lesson
  • Warm-up or mind set,
  • Statement of the objectives of this lesson,
  • Delivery of the lesson,
  • Guided practice,
  • Independent practice, and
  • Review/wrap-up activities.
  • All films must be part of a standards-aligned lesson.
  • Films may not be used for purely recreational, entertainment or rewards.
  • The use of any films other than those available through the Media Center must have prior approvalof the site administrator.
use of computers and internet
Use of computers and internet
  • Must be related to the lesson.
  • Must be monitored at all times!
special education
Special Education

Public Law 94-142, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Special Education Services

1.Self-Contained Special Education Classroom

2.Resource Room Services

3.Inclusion Services

4.Monitoring Services

5.Class sizes in Special Education Classrooms may be different than regular classes.

6.Confidentiality of records for SPED children

special education cont common types of disabilities
Special Education (cont.)Common Types of Disabilities
  • Learning Disability/ Severe Learning Disability (LD/SLD)
  • Mildly Intellectually Disabled (MID)
  • Moderately Intellectually Disabled (MOD),
  • Severely Intellectually Disabled (SID),
  • Profoundly Intellectually Disabled (PID)
  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
  • Tourette Syndrome (TS)
other special needs
Other Special Needs
  • The Student Whose Native Language is Not English
  • Students with Asthma

Classroom management refers to all procedures, strategies, and instructional techniques used to manage behavior and learning activities. It is everything that happens before, during, and after instruction.Without effective classroom management, no learning takes place in the classroom.

Classroom Management

tips for good classroom management
Tips for good classroom management

1. Be Prepared

a.Arrive early to allow time to organize.

b.Obtain needed administrative


c.Scout the classroom.

d.Locate the instructional plan and


e.Review the lesson plans.

f.Locate needed resources.

g.Ask about other duties.

2. Take Charge

a. Be positive, but firm.

b.Introduce yourself to the class; write

your name on the board.

c. Take roll efficiently.

d.Give directions concisely.

e. Supervise students at all times.

f.Circulate the classroom and offer


g.Treat students with respect.

h.Clarify Expectations Regarding Student


3. Communicate the Significance of Learning

a. Minimize time on procedural matters.

b. Require student’s attention and participation.

c. Provide feedback to students about their work.

d.Provide closure at the end of class.

4. Manage Records

a.Follow attendance and lunch procedures.

b.Make note of homework received.

c.Collect and label work accomplished in each


d. Communicate with the teacher by leaving

a note.


Discipline Techniques and Tips

  • Be positive and pleasant, yet firm.
  • Be fair, firm, and consistent in your behavior.
  • Don’t major in minor issues!
  • Move around the room frequently to monitor students.
  • Do not back a student into a corner or allow yourself to be backed into a corner, by issuing unenforceable threats.
  • Avoid reprimanding a student in front of the class.
  • Keep students busy with worthwhile activities.
  • Do not leave a class unattended for any reason.
  • Don’t punish the whole group because of a few individuals.

Georgia State Law (OCGA 20-2-751) prohibits bullying.

Definition of Bullying --

(1)Any willful attempt or threat to inflict injury on another person, when accompanied by an apparent present ability to do so; or

(2)Any intentional display of force such as would give the victim reason to fear or expect immediate bodily harm.

bullying cont
Bullying (cont.)
  • Bullying occurs when a more powerful person intentionally and repeatedly harasses, hurts, or threatens another student.
  • Criteria for deciding whether or not bullying has occurred

1. The victim must feel that he/she is being


2. The act occurs more than once.

3. There is an imbalance of power between

the bully and the victim.

Examples and non-examples of bullying:
  • Joey took Jimmy’s lunch money. Joey is stealing. This is not bullying because the action is not ongoing, and Jimmy does not feel intimidated although he may feel angry about the theft.
  • Joey took Jimmy’s lunch money by scaring Jimmy into giving it to him. Joey is stealing through intimidation. This is not bullying because it has only occurred one time.
Joey repeatedly takes Jimmy’s money through intimidation, Joey is bullying because he is intimidating Jimmy and has done so more than once.
  • Joan, age 16, repeatedly teases and embarrasses Tamika, age 8. This is bullying because Joan is older, bigger, and has teased repeatedly, and Tamika is embarrassed by the action.
Janice and Tommy engage in an argument that results in a fight. They are approximately the same size, strength, and age. Neither student is bullying because the aggressiveness and intimidation is mutual. This is not bullying, it is a fight!
  • Nancy teases Bobby because he is small for his age. After three days of being teased, Bobby hits Nancy and they fight. Nancy is guilty of bullying because the unwelcome, embarrassing, or intimidating action has occurred over a period of time. (Even though Bobby started the fight and may need to be disciplined, he is not guilty of bullying and should not be punished for that offense.)
Lindsey convinces her friends that they should not talk with or associate with Jillian. This behavior continues for several weeks. Jillian is, therefore, excluded from all activities of the group and is the victim of rumors spread by the group. This is verbal bullying by a group because the repeated actions of the group have caused Jillian to feel intimidated, excluded, and uncomfortable.
Preventing Bullying

1. Encourage cooperation and caring.

2. Find something positive to say about all students. 3. Closely monitor students who are at high risk 4. Closely supervise areas where bullying is likely

to occur

basic survival tips
Basic Survival Tips
  • Arrive early
  • Bring you own “creature comforts”
  • Skip the coffee!
  • Take a change of clothes
  • Take advantage of any teachers who arrive early.
  • Begin the class in the manner that it is normally done
  • Initiate your part of the day with an interesting activity
  • Let the students assume responsibility
survival tips cont
Survival Tips (cont.)
  • Bring your own “surprise bag” with special activities and materials to share Examples are: a. a book to read aloud, b. a puppet who can give directions, c. an old hat that you use to signal some

special event, d. a bag of special snacks to use during

some activity, e. An object that has special significance.

survival tips cont1
Survival Tips (cont.)
  • Give them every reason to invite you back. The best ways to ensure future calls are:a. Always follow the classroom teacher's

lesson plans b. Bring something fun for students to do

when their work is done. c.Leave a note for the teacher at the end

of the day. d. Make sure the room is in order before leaving.

self evaluation
Self Evaluation

Before leaving, reflect on your day.

  • Did you arrive on time, report to the office upon arrival, and familiarize yourself with routines and plans before students arrived?
  • Did you start each class on time, follow lesson plans, and involve all students in learning activities?
  • Did you fulfilled the classroom teacher’s extra duties?
  • Have you been enthusiastic and professional?
  • Did you leave the room orderly?
  • Have you written a note to the classroom teacher?
  • Have you checked to see if you are needed tomorrow?