Recognizing disturbances in sentence flow
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Recognizing Disturbances in Sentence Flow. The Three Most Common Mistakes. 1. Fragment: A fragment is an incomplete sentence. Ex. Incorrect: I didn’t go to the concert. Because I don’t like the band. Correct: I didn’t go to the concert because I don’t like the band.

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The three most common mistakes
The Three Most Common Mistakes

  • 1. Fragment: A fragment is an incomplete sentence.

  • Ex. Incorrect: I didn’t go to the concert. Because I don’t like the band.

  • Correct: I didn’t go to the concert because I don’t like the band.


The three most common mistakes1
The Three Most Common Mistakes

  • 2. Missing/Incorrect Relative Pronouns: Relative pronouns are words that might appear in multiple phrases and clauses within a single sentence. The most common are “that,” “who,” and “which.”

  • Ex. Incorrect: William Kellogg was the man which lived in the late 19th century and had some weird ideas about raising children.

  • Correct: William Kellogg was the man who lives in the late 19th century and had some weird ideas about raising children.


The three most common mistakes2
The Three Most Common Mistakes

  • 3. Dangling or Misplaced Modifier: Modifiers are descriptive words or phrases that change other words. We know them as adjectives and adverbs. A misplaced or dangling modifier is a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies/ describes.

  • Incorrect: After they had been sharpened, the teachers distributed the pencils.

  • Correct: The teachers distributed the pencils after they had been sharpened.


Recognizing disturbances in sentence flow


Fixing fragments
Fixing Fragments information.

  • One method is to connect it to an independent clause to complete the thought.

  • D,I

  • ID

    Incorrect: Because I was running late.

    Correct: Because I was running late, I missed the bus.

    Incorrect: Whenever the dog barks.

    Correct: My little sister cries whenever the dog barks.


Fixing fragments cont d
Fixing Fragments Cont’d information.

  • Another way to fix fragments is to drop the words or phrases that make the sentence a fragment.

    Incorrect: I missed the bus, was running late.

    Correct: I missed the bus.


Fixing missing or incorrect relative pronouns
Fixing missing or incorrect Relative Pronouns information.

  • THAT is used for things

  • WHO is used for people

  • WHICH is used for multiple things or as a more formal version of “that”

  • WHOSE is used to indicate possession

  • WHOM is used for people who are objects or after prepositions


Examples
Examples information.

  • Incorrect: Sally was the one that bought the car.

  • Correct: Sally was the one who bought the car.

  • Incorrect: The Senator’s campaign is the one that stands out amongst all the others.

  • Correct: The Senator’s campaign is the one which stands out amongst all the others.