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CHOOSING A CAREER IN PSYCHOLOGY or RELATED FIELDS & PREPARING FOR & APPLYING TO GRADUATE SCHOOL. This presentation is one view.
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PREPARING FOR & APPLYING TO GRADUATE SCHOOL
Speak to many people in and outside the field, and utilize several references in deciding your future. No single person or source can provide all the information you need!
Pay attention in Careers class & read chapters in text to see what sounds interesting.
Surf career & grad school web sites linked to FSU web
pages: www.psy.fsu.edu and click “undergraduate” and “graduate school information”
Interview people in careers of possible interest. Speakers in Careers class might provide names of recent graduates.
Get research experience in professors’ labs to see what is interesting
Read books and scientific articles within areas of possible interest. Psych Lit is good source of articles as are your course text books that list references at the end of chapters.
When you apply to grad school will depend on the kind of program to which you are applying.
For some highly competitive Ph.D. programs, such as Clinical Psychology, you need to apply 8 or 9 months prior to your target admission date. For example, if you want to start in Fall, 2006, you probably willneed to submit your application in December 2005.
Importantly, you will need to start considering schoolsand obtaining application materials 3-4 months before the applications need to be submitted.
For most Master’s Degree Programs, deadlinesare not as early. For example, many Master’s programsrequire that you submit applications in April or Mayprior to the Fall in which you start grad school.
Deadlines vary across programs. For safety, you shouldbegin considering schools and looking at applicationmaterials at least 8 months prior to when you plan tostart a Master’s program.
It can takeup to 6 weeks to receive your officialscores for your application. So for safety, completethe GREs (or LSAT or MCAT, etc.) at least 8 weeksprior to your application deadline.
To be absolutely safe and allow for the possibility that you may need to take the GRE more than once, with preparation in between, it is ideal to take the GRE 6 months prior to when your application is due.
For details on GRE, go to www.gre.org
For test preparation, go to:
Masters in Social Work (MSW). MSW is practicing degree (PD)
Masters in School Psychology (PD)
Masters in Performance Management or Instructional Design (PD)
Masters in Industrial Organizational Psychology (generally not PD, but can be)
Masters in “Experimental” Psychology (Specialties: Neuroscience, Social, Personality, Developmental, Child, Cognitive, etc.) (generally not PD)
1.Types of problems you are trained for:
Clinical: deals w/ entire range of problems from every day problems to severe psychopathology.
Counseling: deals w/ problems of every day living (e.g., child non-compliance, marital, depression, anxiety). Does not deal with severe pathology.
2. Relative emphasis on research:
Clinical training: generally emphasizes training to conduct research & evaluate effectiveness of treatments (within psychology departments). Counseling: generally much less emphasis on research (w/in programs in college of education)
1. Psy.D. generally involves little if any research training either in terms of how to do research or how to be a critical consumer of research.
2. Psy.D.: generally within free-standing institution.
Ph.D. : within university
3. Psy.D. generally more expensive—often VERY expensive
1) Be sure programs in counseling or clinical are APA approved before you apply.
2) If attend Psy.D. program, I recommend those within a university.
3) Be aware that Psy.D. degrees are not as well- recognized as Ph.D.
4) Even if you don’t want to conduct research, you want to learn to be a consumer of research & to evaluate the effectiveness of treatments.
1. Find a faculty member whose research is interesting:
-Check out psychology web site to see each faculty member’s research interest, or
-Get Psychology Handbook from Advising Office
2. Contact that faculty member:
-Indicate your interest & ask what would be involved
-Don’t approach prof. by saying “I need to do DIS.”
3. Look for flyers on 2nd floor Psychology
4. Some DIS/4920 involving working with grad student
fine as long as professor will co-sign letter of recommendation
type of training
type of jobs they say you are likely to get
(contact them about jobs if not clear)
cost of living in that location
admission requirements: be realistic, but optimistic
geographical location of school (less important if do out of state internship and/or want academic position)
deadlines, application requirements
ask DIS/4920 supervisor(s) for opinions
Proof many times and use spell-check, but
never rely on spell-check
Have several people read for clarity, content, grammar, spelling, accuracy
Can ask DIS supervisor for general advice
Can ask DIS supervisor to read, but …
only after it’s in good shape, & you followed their early advice
BE HONEST!! Don’t say you love research just because that is what you think they want to hear; emphasize your experiences without misrepresenting what you did.
Highlight your individuality, but do NOT make it a self-disclosure of personal problems.