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International Energy Agency (IEA). The Implementing Agreement for Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Technologies and Programmes (IA-HEV). Peter H. CUNZ Chairman Working Party on End-use Energy Technology EUWP. World total primary energy supply Baseline Scenario / Map-Scenario. Basis. -24%. Map.

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the implementing agreement for hybrid and electric vehicle technologies and programmes ia hev

International Energy Agency (IEA)

The Implementing AgreementforHybrid and Electric Vehicle Technologies and Programmes(IA-HEV)

Peter H. CUNZ

Chairman Working Party on End-use Energy Technology EUWP

Brasilia, 20. November 2007


World total primary energy supplyBaseline Scenario / Map-Scenario




Technology can contribute with 24 % by 2050

Brasilia, 20. November 2007


World CO2 Emissions 2003-2050Accelerated Technology Scenarios (ACT) and TECH Plus Scenario

With a portfolio of technologies, CO2-emissions can be returned towards current level

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

accelerated technology scenarios 1 energy technology perspectives 2006
Accelerated Technology Scenarios (1)(Energy Technology Perspectives 2006)
  • Technology-Contribution for the reduction of CO2-Emissions by
    • 45 % End-use efficiency  EUWP
    • 34 % Power generation including CCS
    • 7 % Fuel mix in buildings & industries
    • 6 % Biofuels in transport
    • 5 % CCS in industry
    • 3 % CCS in fuel transformation

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

Accelerated Technology Scenarios (2)(World Energy Outlook 2006 and Energy Technology Perspectives 2006)
  • 20% of final energy consumption is electric with high efficiency potential:
    • 30% general by efficient use
    • 12% with proposed alternative policies
    • 30-60% in lighting
    • 37% with improved appliances
    • 30-90% alone in standby power

We have started EEEE: A new Implementing Agreement for Energy Efficient Electric Equipment

Brasilia, 20. November 2007


Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the iea collaborative framework 1
The IEA Collaborative Framework (1)
  • 1 vote in CERT for each OECD-Member
  • CERT has a Mission, a Strategy and a suitable organisation
  • Each Implementing Agreement (IA) is an autonomous entity, managed by the Members of this IA
  • There is a contract between each IA and CERT

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the collaborative framework 2
The Collaborative Framework (2)
  • Visibility of Technology happens through the clustered Working Parties (WP)
  • WPs are to support CERT and the IAs in management and communication
  • All technical expertise is in the IAs
  • There is room for Non-Member Countries and Industrial Partners to join an IA and profit from the IEA Technology Collaboration

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

  • Overlooks activities to improve the Energy Efficiency, mainly at end-use
  • Areas of activity:
    • Buildings
    • Industry
    • Electricity
    • Transport
    • Special Areas such asTechnology Systems Analysis,Information Centres and Data Exchange

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

how does the euwp support the ias
How does the EUWP support the IAs?
  • EUWP is a facilitator and not a controller EUWP facilitates the information flow
  • Thus EUWP serves likewise CERT and the IAs
  • EUWP Delegates may be active in their home-countries
  • EUWP Chair and Vice Chairs may support the ExCos of IAs for strategies and management
  • EUWP Chair and Vice Chairs may support the CERTand the IEA Secretariat in the NEET initiative

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

we need more international agreements
We need more international agreements!
  • Create an international understanding about thetechnology contribution
  • Agree on Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS)
  • Agree on Minimum Comfort Standards
    • Can the OECD do with less?
    • Justice between OECD, Emerging and Developing Countries?
  • OECD Countries in Europe are co-ordinated under the EU, therefore
    • IEA to concentrate on overseas agreements,
    • and this with emphasis on “+5 Countries”.

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

and our behaviour
And our behaviour?
  • Focus on technology? Yes, but …
  • Personal ambitions and behavioural patterns are extremely hard to change
  • Intelligent policy is vital for the promotion of a change of life
  • IEA World Energy Outlook 2006 detects a huge saving potential with alternative policies
  • Large potential in changing our patterns linked to mobility

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

transport is an important topic at the iea
Transport is an important topic at the IEA

Review of International Policies for Vehicle Fuel Efficiency

A Working Paper

October 2007


Brasilia, 20. November 2007

typical workshops at the iea



Energy Efficient Tyres

Mobility Modelling Workshop

Industrial Electric Motors Systems Workshop

Energy Efficiency Through Better Car Components

Cooling Cars With Less Fuels

Fuel Efficiency for Heavy Duty Vehicles’ Standardsand other Policy Instruments

New Energy Indicators for Transport (20. Nov. 07)

Workshop on Ecodriving (22./23. Nov. 07)

Typical Workshops at the IEA

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the ia for advanced fuel cells www ieafuelcell com
The IA for Advanced Fuel Cells(
  • Participating Countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USA
  • Active Annexes:
    • Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells
    • MCFC Towards Demonstration
    • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells – Making Ready for Application
    • Fuel Cells for Stationary Applications
    • Fuel Cell Systems for Transportation
    • Fuel Cells for Portable Applications

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the ia for advanced materials for transportation
The IA forAdvanced Materials for Transportation


  • Participating Countries: Belgium, Canada,Germany, Sweden, USA
  • Active Annexes:
    • Integrated Engineered Surface Technology to Reduce Friction and Increase Durability
    • Magnesium Alloy Corrosion Protection

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the ia for advanced motor fuels www iea amf vtt fi
The IA for Advanced Motor Fuels(
  • Participating Countries: Canada, Danmark, Finland, France, Italy, Japan, Sweden, Spain, Switzerland, UK, USA
  • Active Annexes:
    • Alcohols and Ethers as Oxygenates in Diesel Fuel
    • Evaluation of Duty Cycles for Heavy-duty Urban Vehicles
    • Bio-safety Assessment: Animal Fat in Biodiesel
    • Production and Use of Synthetic Vehicle Fuels Made by Fisher-Tropsch Technique
    • Future Fuels for Road Transport
    • Particle Emissions of 2-S Scooters
    • Analysis of Biodiesel Fuels

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the ia for co operation on hybrid and electric vehicles www ieahev org
The IA for Co-operation onHybrid and Electric Vehicles (

Participating Countries: Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA

more about IA-HEV …..

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the energy challenge
The energy challenge
  • A stable growth of the world economy will result in 2–3 billions of vehicles(approx. 300 vehicles per 1‘000 inhabitants).
  • If the worldwide average fleet consumption can be reduced to 2–3 ltr/100km, the consumption and CO2 emissions may remain on today’s level.
  • To reach this and more, new technology for transport is needed!

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

Range achieved by the energy produced on 1 ha land
  • (the bar of the plug-in-hybrid vehicle is 7 times longer than shown here)

 The PHEV (consumption 16 kWh/100 km) using solar energy produced by a PV installation on 1 ha drives 150 times further than a car (consumption 6,5 l/ 100 km fuel equivalent) using bio-ethanol extracted from grain produced on 1 ha.

source: PHOTON

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

the iea implementing agreement hybrid and electric vehicle ia hev
The IA-HEV is a collaboration of now 11 governments (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, USA) for advanced vehicle technologies.

The IA-HEV works by setting up task forces (called “Annexes”) on particular hybrid-, fuel cell- and electric vehicle subjects.

An Executive Committee directs the work of the task forces, plans new initiatives, and disseminates the information produced.

The IEA Implementing AgreementHybrid and Electric Vehicle (IA-HEV)

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

changes in the environment of the ia hev
Changes in the Environment of the IA-HEV
  • The constraints in oil supply, environmental issues and the signs of a climate change give a push to CO2-free technologies.
  • Rising gasoline prices have become a daily issue for everyone. This supports the shift to cars with higher efficiency.The short term answer: Hybrid and electric vehicles
  • Car manufacturers such as Honda, Ford, Daimler, GM have announced hybrid models for the coming years.
  • Hybrid vehicles are a success in those countries that remove barriers in the market.

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

needs and benefits of international collaboration
Needs and benefits of international collaboration
  • The introduction of hybrid-, electric- and fuel cell vehicles needs a close collaboration between industries, governments and users.
  • Without adapted laws, incentives and the necessary infrastructure, the introduction will fail.
  • The coordination between governments lowers the hurdle to the market introduction and lowers the costs for all partners.
  • The IA-HEV is an international platform on governmental level for such coordination .

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

status of vehicle technology
Advantages of electric drive motors for hybrid (or fuel cell) vehicles are now widely recognized.

Automobile technology will change more in the next 15 years than it has done so in the past 70 years.

The primary energy used by vehicles will diversify from oil to natural gas, ethanol and electricity.

Governments are becoming more involved in the market deployment of advanced vehicles.

Status of Vehicle Technology

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

governmental interests for electric plug in cars
The increasing demand of electricity calls for the implementation of Demand Side Management (DSM).

Vehicle to Grid (VTG) is one of the answers.

Today’s technology is able to produce electric or hybrid plug-in vehicles with bi-directional charging/consuming electronics.

Let’s calculate:

1 Mio vehicles with 10 kW each = 10 GW

This is a harmonising power of almost total Itaipu !

Governmental interests for electric plug-in cars

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

annexes task forces of the last twelve years
The IA-HEV Annexes (task forces) 1994-2007 :

Information Exchange (Annex I)

Environment Issues of EV’s and components (Annex II)

Infrastructure of electric vehicles (Annex III)

Batteries and super capacitors (Annex V)

Hybrid Vehicles (Annex VII)

Deployment Strategies (Annex VIII)

Clean City Vehicles (Annex IX)

Electrochemical Systems (Annex X)

Electric cycles (Annex XI)

Heavy-Duty Hybrid Vehicles (Annex XII)

Fuel Cells for vehicles (Annex XIII)

New: Market Deployment – Lessons learned (Annex XIV)

New: Plug-in Hybrid (starting 2007/8)

New: Renewable Energies and HEV (starting 2008)

Annexes (Task forces) of the last twelve years

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

ia technology collaboration networking



Argonne NatLab (USA)




Ademe (F)

Avere (reg. in B)


Arsenal (A)

Muntwyler (CH)




EnEN (S)

NRC (Ca)

Tübitak (TK)


SenterNovem (NL)

IA- Technology Collaboration = Networking

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

Information Exchange

Annual report

Annex reports

Conference papers

Scientific papers

Magazine papers

Symposium presentations

Outlook Report



Brasilia, 20. November 2007

ia hev awards
IA-HEV – Awards

The IA-HEV presents awards in three categories:

  • Sales success of clean vehicle makes (Clean Vehicle Award)Bronze: 25,000 clean vehicles sold; Silver: 50,000 vehicles;Gold: 100,000 vehicles; Platinum: 250,000 vehicles
  • Winners 2006: HONDA (Platinum)
  • LEXUS Division (Silver)
  • FORD Motor Co (Bronze)
  • Best Practice Award 2006: The People’s Republic of China
  • Personal Award 2006: Hans Tholstrup (Australia)
  • Next Award ceremony in December 2007

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

activities phase 3 2004 2009
Activities Phase 3: 2004 - 2009

Work will continue on:

  • Information Exchange (Annex I)
  • Hybrid and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles (Annex VII)
  • Electrochemical Systems (Annex X)
  • Electric cycles (Annex XI)
  • Heavy-Duty Hybrid Vehicles (Annex XII)
  • Fuel Cells for Vehicles (Annex XIII)
  • Market deployment – Lessons Learned (Annex XIV)

New Annex (task forces): - Renewable Energies for HEVs

- Plug-in Hybrids

Other : - Outlook for hybrid and electric vehicles - IA-HEV Award

Brasilia, 20. November 2007

iea ia hev

The IEA Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Agreement continues to provide balanced and reliable information for member Governments and research organizations.

Brazil is invited to join !

Contact: Mr. Martijn van Walwijk , Secretary

Brasilia, 20. November 2007