The Nez Perce and Iroquois Experience By your friends at the back table (Kathy, Stephanie, Melissa, and Gail)
The Nez Perce ate: Salmon Camus bulbs Berries Root Vegetables Buffalo The Iroquois ate: Pumpkin Beans Corn Squash Fish The Nez Perce lived off the land while the Iroquois cultivated the land!
Shelter for the Iroquois The Iroquois lived in long bark-covered communal houses with semi-private family compartments and a central area for social and political gatherings.
The Nez Perce had two forms of shelter In the winter the Nez Perce lived in long houses made of bark. In the summer the Nez Perce camped in the mountains. The Nez Perce was a nomadic tribe relying on hunting and foraging.
Clothing for the Iroquois • The Iroquois wore masks of corn husk and carved wood. • Clothes were also woven from bark and some skins.
Clothing with the Nez Perce • The Nez Perce wore animal skins!
In the Nez Perce tribe, the leadership role was passed down through the families of the oldest son. They believed and danced for a guardian spirit. The Iroquois had a strong political system. The women ousted male delegates and elected new ones as needed. The Iroquois worshipped Orenda—believing in a spiritual power in all things. Customs for the Nez Perce and Iroquois
Technology and the Nez Perce The Nez Perce were ahead of the times with weaving, decorating buffalo skins with paint and porcupine quills. They bred appaloosa horses.
The Iroquois and Technology The Iroquois created a money system called wampum. They were also skilled in pottery, creating corn husk masks, and weaving splint baskets.
Other exciting tidbits with the Nez Perce Chief Joseph failed in leading his people to Canada. His tribe was sent to Oklahoma, but they returned to Washington State. Chief Joseph spoke to Congress in Washington D.C. in 1903.
Interesting tidbits about the Iroquois • The Iroquois cultivated tobacco. • They trapped and traded beaver with Europe for guns, whiskey, and other provisions, obliterating the beaver population in their original lands.