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Nez Perce. "Hear me, my chiefs, I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.". Where did the Nez Perce Live?. In the Pacific Northwest Region, which includes the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho The area has mountains,

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nez perce

Nez Perce

"Hear me, my chiefs, I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever."

where did the nez perce live
Where did the Nez Perce Live?
  • In the Pacific Northwest Region, which includes the states of Oregon, Washington and Idaho
  • The area has mountains,

forests, grasslands, and rivers

  • Today, most Nez Perce live in Idaho
where did they get their name
Where did they get their name?
  • The tribe officially called themselves “Nimi’ipuu” (The People)
  • The French renamed the “Nez Perce” which in French means “pierced nose.”
  • A French interpreter gave the group the name after he saw them wearing shells in their nose for decoration
  • When the Nez Perce moved around they built wali-mini-ts (similar to a tipi) made of tule mats and buffalo skin
  • Part of the year, they lived in LONGHOUSES called kuhetini
  • These longhouses had wooden frames covered with woven tule mats
  • Tule is a marsh plant found near rivers and streams
the nez perce men
The Nez Perce Men…
  • Made bows from the horns of mountain sheep for hunting
  • Boys developed sufficient hunting skills
  • Trained Appaloosa horses
  • Became experts in horse-riding skills
  • Spent the winter playing games and telling stories
  • Played sports to help train them to hunt
appaloosa horses
Appaloosa Horses
  • Nez Perce developed the American Breed
  • Know for their preferred leopard-spotted coat
  • Sadly, many Nez Perce people lost their Appaloosa horses following the end of the Nez Perce War in 1877 (many white settlers wanted the Nez Perce territory in order to make an open ranch for cattle)
the nez perce women
The Nez Perce Women…
  • Taught girls traditional skills of cooking, weaving, and basketry
  • The cornhusk bags that women wove from hemp fiber were important for daily use and for trade
what did they eat
What did they eat?
  • The food they gathered and the game they hunted varied with the seasons
  • In the spring, women traveled to the valleys to dig root crops. Root crops included camas bulbs, bitterroot, wild carrot, and wild potato
  • They gathered berries such as gooseberries, thorn berries and currents
  • Women also collected pine nuts, seeds and black moss
  • In the summer, people moved higher in the mountains. Here they gathered more roots, fished the streams for salmon and hunted big game
  • Men hunted deer, elk, moose, bear, mountain sheep and goat
what did they eat1
What did they eat?
  • They traveled by horse to the Montana plains to hunt buffalo and antelope
  • They also hunted small game like rabbit, squirrel and badger
  • In the late fall, the Nez Perce moved back into their traditional villages where they prepared for the long winter by drying and preserving food
men s clothing
Men’s Clothing
  • Men and boys wore long fringed buckskin shirts and leggings
  • They wore belts, breechcloths, and moccasins
  • During colder weather, men put on bison skin robes and gloves
  • Feathered bonnets
women s clothing
Women’s Clothing
  • Long, belted buckskin dresses and knee- length moccasins
  • Dresses were decorated with elk teeth, beads made of shell and bone and porcupine quills
  • Used vegetable and mineral dyes to color the clothing
  • Wore cornhusk basketry for hats
  • Carried babies on their backs in “cradleboards”
  • Were held to assure good harvests
  • Music and dance were central to the ceremonies
  • People played rattles, drums and flutes
  • There were ceremonial songs and chants for births, marriages, deaths, hunting and for war
things to ponder
Things to ponder…
  • How are the Nez Perce similar/different form the Inuit?
  • How are the Nez Perce similar/different from you?
  • How does living in the Pacific Northwest affect the Nez Perce tribe?