Weapon and Armour By Kory Rhodes
The Broadsword • This is perhaps the earliest known type of sword used in medieval times. With a two edged blade which was about 2 – 3 inches wide at the base, the sword tapered to a point. The Broadsword was about 30 – 45 inches long and weighed anywhere between 3 to 5 pounds
The Greatsword • These were two handed swords – which meant that they could and would be used by both the hands. So as to facilitate that, the handle of the sword was about 18 to 21 inches long. The length of the Greatsword was between 50 to 72 inches and it weighed between 6 to 10 pounds
The Longsword • This one is also called as the ‘Bastardsword’ or a ‘Hand And A Half Sword’. This sword was about 44 to 50 inches long.
The Scimitar • This sword was favored by the crusaders in the Holy Land. It had a curve shaped blade with a pointed end
The Falchion Sword • This was also a type of a Scimitar, but it had a shorter length and a blade with a single edge.
Chain Mail • Chain mail armor was the prominent type of armor used in the medieval days. This was made using interlocking iron or steel rings which were either riveted or welded shut. The Celtic and Eastern European soldiers were the ones to introduce this kind of armor in the medieval times. The chain mail armor was made in the form of a shirt which was worn by the knight to protect himself from harm. The chain mail armor was not very useful in protecting the soldier from a direct hit or an attack. Swords which were long and pointed often ended up cutting through the interlocking rings.
Plate Armor • Plates or disks of steel were added slowly to chain mail armor to protect the vulnerable areas of the body. These were initially added on to the chain mail armor at the knees and armpits. But soon, plate armor took over the protection of the entire body of the soldier. Eventually this progressed into a full body covering armor suit which covered and protected the knight from head to toe.
Iorica Segmentata • The Roman armor breastplate called the ‘Iorica Segmentata’ was perhaps the most efficient type of armor used. This was made of segments of steel plates joined or welded together, as opposed to a single sheet of steel. This allowed for greater flexibility of movement for the knight or the soldier