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Jackie Robinson . By:Quentin Green . About Jackie . First African-American to play major league baseball Before he played professional baseball he was in the United States Army He made advancements in the cause of Civil Rights for black athletes

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jackie robinson

Jackie Robinson

By:Quentin Green

about jackie
About Jackie
  • First African-American to play major league baseball
  • Before he played professional baseball he was in the United States Army
  • He made advancements in the cause of Civil Rights for black athletes
  • In 1949 Robinson won the league MVP award, and he was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962
life thought out college
  • Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia
  • The youngest of five children, Robinson was raised in relative poverty by a single mother.
  • He attended John Muir High School and Pasadena Junior College, where he was an excellent athlete and played sports
  • continued his education at the University of California, Los Angeles(UCLA)
  • In 1941, despite his athletic success, Robinson was forced to leave UCLA just shy of graduation due to financial hardship
  • His season with the Bears was cut short when the United States entered into World War II.
in army
  • From 1942 to 1944, Robinson served as a second lieutenant in the United States Army. He never saw combat, however; Robinson was arrested and court-martialed during boot camp after he refused to move to the back of a segregated bus during training. He was later acquitted of the charges and received an honorable discharge.
  • After his discharge from the Army in 1944, Robinson began to play baseball professionally
professional baseball
professional baseball
  • He began playing in the Negro Leagues.Chosenby Branch Rickey,presidentof the Brooklyn Dodgers, to help integrate major league baseball
  • Joined the all-white Montreal Royals, a farm team for the Brooklyn Dodgers, in 1946
  • Later moved to Florida to begin spring training with the Royals, and played his first game in Ebbets Field for the Brooklyn Dodgers on April 15, 1947.
  • Throughout his decade-long career with the Brooklyn Dodgers, he made advancements in the cause of civil rights for black athletes. In 1955, he helped the Dodgers win the World Series. He retired in 1957, with a career batting average of .311.
before death
Before Death
  • After baseball, Robinson became active in business and continued his work as an activist for social change.
  • Worked as an executive for the Chock Full O' Nuts coffee company and restaurant chain and helped establish the Freedom National Bank.
  • He served on the board of the NAACP until 1967 and was the first African-American to be inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. In 1972, the Dodgers retired his uniform number of 42.
  • In his later years, Robinson continued to lobby for greater integration in sports.
after death
After Death
  • He died from heart problems and diabetes complications on October 24, 1972, in Stamford, Connecticut
  • He was survived by his wife, Rachel Isum, and their three children.
  • After his death, his wife established the Jackie Robinson Foundation dedicated to honoring his life and work. The foundation helps young people in need by providing scholarships and mentoring programs.
  • http://www.history.com/topics/jackie-robinson
  • http://www.biography.com/people/jackie-robinson-9460813
  • http://www.jackierobinson.com/about/facts.html