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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)

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  1. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) • 정의 • 사전적 정의 • A set of applications designed to bring business functions into balance and represents the next generation of business systems. – by Gartner group • An accounting-oriented information system for identifying and planning the enterprise-wide resources needed to take, make, ship, and account for customer orders. – by APICS • 용어적 의미 • Enterprise –모든 사업분야 • Resource –기업을 운용하기 위하여 필요한 모든 유무형의 자원 • Planning –계획의 생성 및 정보의 취득 및 조회 • 정리 • 기업 내의 생산, 물류, 재무, 회계, 영업, 구매, 마케팅, 인사 등 주요 업무 프로세스들을 유기적으로 연결하고, 유무형 자원을 통합하여 관리함으로써, 업무의 생산성을 높이고, 정보의 실시간 공유를 통해 각 부문이 신속하게 정보를 활용할 수 있도록 하는 기업정보시스템

  2. 시편 32:4, For day and night, your hand was upon me; my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer (주의 손이 주야로 나를 누르시오니 내 진액이 화하여 여름 가물에 마름 같이 되었나이다).

  3. mySAP.com System Data Structure 각 client에 대한 정보는 다르지만 data를 저장하는 table과 같은 구조에 대한 틀은 공통적으로 관리 가능 MAI Lab.

  4. ERP 관련 업종의 발전 역사 • SAP AG사의 경우 • 1972, 9명, 30만유로 • 1979, 60명, 510만유로 • 1992, 3200명, 4억24백만 유로 • 1999, 2.5만 명, 63억 유로, • 2004, 3.2만 명, 75억 유로 • 2005, 3.6만 명, 85억 유로(평균 영업이익률은 20%) • 결국 이러한 소프트웨어가 필요했었다는 이야기.

  5. Key elements of the FIapplication module include: • General ledger • Accounts payable • Accounts receivable • Treasury • Special Purpose Ledger • Legal Consolidation • Financial Accounting Information System • Key elements of the CO application module include: • Cost center accounting • Internal order accounting • Project accounting • Product costing analysis • Profitability analysis • Profit center accounting • Activity based costing • Enterprise controlling

  6. Key elements of the AM application module include: • Technical asset management and plant maintenance • Maintenance • Repair • Investment control • Sale of assets • Traditional asset accounting • Asset replacement • Depreciation • Investment management • Key elements of the PS application module include: • Funds and resource management • Quality control • Time management • Project Management Information System

  7. Key elements of the HRapplication module include: • Recruitment , • Personnel administration • Benefits , Time management , Incentive Wages • Business Trip Management • Payroll - USA and international • Organizational Management • Cost Planning • Training and Events Management • Personnel Development • Workforce Planning • Room Reservation Planning • Human Resources Information System

  8. Key elements of the SD application module include: • Pre-sales support • Inquiry processing • Quotation processing • Sales order processing • Delivery processing • Billing • Sales Information System

  9. Key elements of the PP application module include: • Bills of Material (BOM) • Routings • Work centers • Sales and Operations Planning (SOP) • Master Production Scheduling (MPS) • Material Requirements Planning (MRP) • Shop floor control (SFC) • Production orders • Product costing, activity-based costing • Repetitive manufacturing , Kanban , Production planning for process industries