NEUROCRIMINALISTicSBy: Don Jacobs “The Why of the Who” Neologism (Jacobs, 2005) for cutting-edge research into the criminal mind (CMA) via brain due to advances in Neuropsych & Medical technoscience: High Resolution Brain Scans— PETs, fMRIs, SPECT, etc Brain Fingerprinting- The P3 wave of the Future Neuropsych Paradigms MacLain’s Triune Brain Model Brain Development Longitudinal Studies (Giedd, Volkow Neuroimaging Studies Blunt Affect/Histrionic (Inappropriate) Affect: Emotional disconnects The Savage Architects of Mind (Jacobs, 2005) Brainstem/Midbrain Limbic System (MLS) hijacking prefrontal, temporal regions Tangential: Criminal Profiling, Victimology, Psychological Autopsy
The Prefix “neuro”Biological Nerve Systems • Writer Aldous Huxley suggested we may soon have a academic discipline known as NEUROTHEOLOGY—the neurological basis of theology • Film documentarian Roger Bingham predicted one day we will study NEUROPOLITICS—The biological basis of political behavior • NEUROCRIMINALISTICS (Jacobs, 2005) seeks to untangle the pretzel of the violent, predatory criminal mind within the context of biology exacerbated by social learning.
NeurocriminalisticsTargets What? The Predatory Psychopath • “Cold-blooded, remorseless, violent, sexual predator” • Observed as ‘emotional disconnects’ • No “subjective distress”—Ego Syntonic Antisocial Violent Criminal • “Violent, often hot-blooded and remorseful killers” • Antisocial mindset of criminality • Feels emotional turmoil—Ego Dystonic Comorbid Diagnosis • Charles Manson—Antisocial, Psychopathic
PSYCHOPATHY“The First Personality Disorder” • “Within each of us lies a hard, reptilian core of need. Neurophysiology places that core of primary needs in the brainstem and limbic system…(by)…the process of conditioning, of restraining, that primitive core breaks down in the psychopath, leading to (1) an impoverished internal emotional life and (2) an inability to empathize with others. It also leads to a special kind of violence and aggressive behavior, distinct from the majority of aggressors or convicted felons (antisocials).” James Santiago Grisolia Violence & Psychopathy
Psychopathic Personality“The Nature of Violent, Cold-Blooded Predators” • Psychopathy: an emotionally and behaviorally disordered state characterized by clear perception of reality except for social and moral obligations, and often by the pursuit of • Immediate personal gratification • (a) criminal acts • (b) drug addiction • (c) sexual perversion
Blunt Affectobserved in Psychopathy Diagnostic Neurocriminalistics “THE TOOLS” From Behavioral Neuroscience Neurological “Disconnect” • Show: Joel Rifkin, and the pedophile
Theatrical (Inappropriate) Affect observed in psychopathy • Out of Sinc Emotional Display • Show: Michael Ross & Susan Smith
Brain Fingerprinting • The P3 Wave. Images of the crime cannot be concealed within cortices of the brain—there is no place to hide. Evidence stored in the brain will match evidence extracted at the crime scene. The pattern allows for a positive reading detected by waves occurring 300 milliseconds after a stimulus—The P3 Wave). • ERP Event-related-potential is the index for how the brain process meaningful events with the distinctive P3 paradigm as eventsknown only to a perpetrator and outside his/her control.
Sample references • The Psychopathology of Crime • 1993 by Adrian Raine, Ph.D., Academic Press • Violence and Psychopathy • 2001 by Raine, Sanmartin Eds. Kluwer Press • Without Conscience • 1998 by Robert Hare, Ph.D., Guilford Press • Guilty By Reason of Insanity • 1994 by Dorothy Ontow Lewis, M.D. • Neuropsych & Neurological Research • Jonathan Pinkus, Daniel Amen, Antonio Damasio • Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science (8th ed) • Richard Saferstein, Ph.D.
Forensic science texts: • LAB 40, Inside the Yellow Tape: Forensic Evidence & Analysis • 2006 By L. Farr, E. MacKenzie, and D. Jacobs • LAB 50, Forensic Neuropsychology: The Savage Architects • 2006 Jacobs and MacKenzie • Psychology in the Age of Neuroscience: The Forensic Science Ed., 2006 Don Jacobs • Criminal Psych: Sexual Predators in the Age of Neuroscience • 2006 Don Jacobs • Inside the Clinical Picture • 2002 Don Jacobs • Coming January, 2006 The “Lab 50” Forensic Neuropsych text & lab reflecting material presented in the Tarrant County ME’s 6th annual convention. Go to viconpublishing.com and follow prompts
Video References • Inside the Mind of Criminal Profilers TLC Video (2001) Films for H & S • Psychopaths (2002) Films for H & S • The Killer Sex (2003) Films for H & S • The Mind of a Killer (2002) Films for H & S
Contact Don Jacobs Training Seminars Group Presentations • The Teenage Brain • The Savage Architects What Lies Beneath Psychopathy • Sleep/Dreams & Nightmares • Forensic Neuropsych • firstname.lastname@example.org • 817-598-6431