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THE BEATS.

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  1. THE BEATS. By: Mark Rojales Chelsea Lu JR Lim Rachael Bautista

  2. The beat movement • Beat Movement: • Started in the 1940’s around New York City and the west coast • During the 1950’s, San Francisco was the heart of the movement • After WWII, many poets questioned politics and culture of the U.S • The purpose of beat poets were to change consciousness and defy conventional writing • Go against conformity and literary traditions • Hallucinogenic drugs were used to achieve higher consciousness plus meditation and Eastern religion • Buddhism was crucial to their movement

  3. Poetic Themes and Techniques • Allusion • Compare and contrast • Guilt power • Personification • Repetition • Imagery • Alliteration • Assonance • Symbolism

  4. Gary Snyder

  5. Biography NOTEABLE WORKS: • Turtle Island (1975) • The Real Work (1980) • Mountains and Rivers • Without End (1996) • Born on May 8, 1930 and still currently living till this day, Gary Snyder had not just an impact on the Beat Movement but is also known to have other roles within literature such as being an essayist, lecturer, and even an environmental activist. • He is able to translate foreign languages literatures such as Japanese Poems to English. • Snyder currently lives in San Francisco and is continuing making more poems.

  6. CIVILIZATION • Civilization: Those are the people who do complicated things. they'll grab us by the thousands and put us to work. World's going to hell, with all these villages and trails. Wild duck flocks aren't what they used to be. Aurochs grow rare. Fetch me my feathers and amber * A small cricket on the typescript page of "Kyoto born in spring song" grooms himself in time with The Well-Tempered Clavier. I quit typing and watch him through a glass. How well articulated! How neat! Nobody understands the ANIMAL KINGDOM. * When creeks are full The poems flow When creeks are down We heap stones.

  7. Lawrence Ferlinghetti

  8. Biography • Notable Works: • Coney Island of the Mind (1958) • The Secret Meaning of Things (1969) • Pictures of the Gone World (1955) • Vast Confusion • During WWII, he served in the US Naval Reserve and then was sent to Nagasaki after it was bombed • In 1953, he started a magazine called City Lights with Peter Martin • Both eventually opened the City Lights Book Shop in San Francisco and a book-publishing venture known as City Lights which became the heart of the beat movement • In 1994, San Francisco named a street in his honor and was also named the first Poet Laureate of San Francisco in 1998 • In 2000, he received the lifetime achievement award from the National Book Critics Circle

  9. A Vast Confusion world's voice-box heard with ear to sanda shocked echoinga shocking shoutingof all life's voices lost in nightAnd the tape of itsomeow running backwards nowthrough the Moog Synthesizer of timeChaos unscrambledback to the firstharmoniesAnd the first light Long long I lay in the sandsSounds of trains in the surfin subways of the seaAnd an even greater undersoundof a vast confusion in the universea rumbling and a roaringas of some enormous creature turningunder sea and eartha billion sotto voices murmuringa vast mutteringa swelling stutteringin ocean's speakers

  10. Gregory Corso

  11. Biography: Noticable Works: • Destiny • Last Night I Drove A Car • I Held A Shelley Manuscript • I Am 25 • The Mad Yak • Gregory Corso was a key member of the Beat movement; a group of convention-breaking writers who were the ones responsible for many social and political change that transformed the United States in the 1960s. • Born on March 26, 1930- January 17, 2001. The youngest of the inner circle of Beat Generation writers. • His mother was 16 years old when he was delivered, abandoned the family a year later and returned to Italy. Corso spent most of his childhood years in orphanages and foster homes. • At the age of 17 he was convicted of theft and was sent to Clinton State Prison for three year. There he read from the prison library and began writing poetry.

  12. The mad yak By: Gregory Corso I am watching them churn the last milk they'll ever get from me.They are waiting for me to die;They want to make buttons out of my bones.Where are my sisters and brothers?That tall monk there, loading my uncle, he has a new cap.And that idiot student of his--I never saw that muffler before.Poor uncle, he lets them load him.How sad he is, how tired!I wonder what they'll do with his bones?And that beautiful tail!How many shoelaces will they make of that!

  13. Allen Ginsberg

  14. Biography: Notable Works: • Howl • Kaddish • Reality Sandwiches • Planet News • Five A.M. • Allen Ginsberg, born in Newark, N.J., June 3, 1926, is an American poet and leading apostle of the beat generation. • Ginsberg sees himself as a part of the prophetic tradition in poetry begun by William Blake and continued by Walt Whitman. He names his contemporary influences as William Carlos Williams and his friend Jack Kerouac. • He was admitted to Columbia University, and as a student there in the 1940s, he began close friendships with William S. Burroughs, Neal Cassady, and Jack Kerouac, all of whom later became leading figures of the Beat movement.

  15. Five A.M. Guilt power, that makes the heart beat wake all nightflooding mind with space, echoing through future cities, Megalopolis orCretan village, Zeus' birth cave Lassithi Plains -- Otsego Countyfarmhouse, Kansas front porch?Buddha's a help, promises ordinary mind no nirvana --coffee, alcohol, cocaine, mushrooms, marijuana, laughing gas?Nope, too heavy for this lightness lifts the brain into blue skyat May dawn when birds start singing on East 12th street --Where does it come from, where does it go forever? Elan that lifts me above the cloudsinto pure space, timeless, yea eternalBreath transmuted into wordsTransmuted back to breathin one hundred two hundred yearsnearly Immortal, Sappho's 26 centuriesof cadenced breathing -- beyond time, clocks, empires, bodies, cars,chariots, rocket ships skyscrapers, Nation empiresbrass walls, polished marble, Inca Artworkof the mind -- but where's it come from?Inspiration? The muses drawing breath for you? God?Nah, don't believe it, you'll get entangled in Heaven or Hell --

  16. Writing Prompt #1 • During WWII, Lawrence Ferlinghetti served for the U.S Naval Reserve and was then sent to Nagasaki after it was Bombed. In Ferlinghetti’s “A Vast Confusion” analyze how his personal life experience relates to this poem. Long long I lay in the sandsSounds of trains in the surfin subways of the seaAnd an even greater undersoundof a vast confusion in the universea rumbling and a roaringas of some enormous creature turningunder sea and eartha billion sotto voices murmuringa vast mutteringa swelling stutteringin ocean's speakers world's voice-box heard with ear to sanda shocked echoinga shocking shoutingof all life's voices lost in nightAnd the tape of itsomeow running backwards nowthrough the Moog Synthesizer of timeChaos unscrambledback to the firstharmoniesAnd the first light

  17. Writing prompt #2 • The Following prompt is by beats poet Gregory Corso. Read the poem thoroughly. Then write a well-written essay that analyzes how the poet compares the Yak and theuncle by using literary devices. I am watching them churn the last milk they'll ever get from me.They are waiting for me to die;They want to make buttons out of my bones.Where are my sisters and brothers?That tall monk there, loading my uncle, he has a new cap.And that idiot student of his--I never saw that muffler before.Poor uncle, he lets them load him.How sad he is, how tired!I wonder what they'll do with his bones?And that beautiful tail!How many shoelaces will they make of that!

  18. Writing prompt #3 • In the vast moment of finding ones self lost in a pit of consuming thoughts, Allen Ginsberg’s poem Five A.M. finds himself in this predicament. After reading the poem, analyze how his thoughts compare to yours if you were in his place. What differences do you find and in your own words what do you think is the meaning behind Ginsberg’s early morning thoughts. Elan that lifts me above the cloudsinto pure space, timeless, yea eternalBreath transmuted into wordsTransmuted back to breathin one hundred two hundred yearsnearly Immortal, Sappho's 26 centuriesof cadenced breathing -- beyond time, clocks, empires, bodies, cars,chariots, rocket ships skyscrapers, Nation empiresbrass walls, polished marble, Inca Artworkof the mind -- but where's it come from?Inspiration? The muses drawing breath for you? God?Nah, don't believe it, you'll get entangled in Heaven or Hell -- Guilt power, that makes the heart beat wake all nightflooding mind with space, echoing through future cities, Megalopolis orCretan village, Zeus' birth cave Lassithi Plains -- Otsego Countyfarmhouse, Kansas front porch?Buddha's a help, promises ordinary mind no nirvana --coffee, alcohol, cocaine, mushrooms, marijuana, laughing gas?Nope, too heavy for this lightness lifts the brain into blue skyat May dawn when birds start singing on East 12th street --Where does it come from, where does it go forever?

  19. Writing prompt #4 • Those are the people who do complicated things. they'll grab us by the thousands and put us to work. World's going to hell, with all these villages and trails. Wild duck flocks aren't what they used to be. Aurochs grow rare. Fetch me my feathers and amber * A small cricket on the typescript page of "Kyoto born in spring song" grooms himself in time with The Well-Tempered Clavier. I quit typing and watch him through a glass. How well articulated! How neat! Nobody understands the ANIMAL KINGDOM. * When creeks are full The poems flow When creeks are down We heap stones. • The poem Civilization by Gary Snyder emphasizes and shows recognition on nature and the environment. Explain how the emphasis on nature and the environment relates to Gary Snyder’s life by writing an essay.

  20. Resources: • http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/a-vast-confusion/ • http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/367 • http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-mad-yak/ • http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/gregory-corso • http://poemhunter.com/allen-ginsberg/ • http://poemhunter.com/poem/five-a-m/ • www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/8 • http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Allen_Ginsberg#Style_and_technique • http://slaughterhousevonnegut.blogspot.com • http://www.wenaus.com/poetry/gs-civil.html • http://www.garysnyder.bplaced.net/Gesamtseite.htm

  21. QUIZ • Name one of Gregory Croso’s famous poems. • What was Corso convicted with at the age of 17? • What city named a street after Lawrence Ferlinghetti? • What was the name of the first book shop Ferlinghetti started? • What tradition does Ginsberg see himself a part of? • What college was Ginsberg admitted into during the 1940’s? • Where does Snyder currently live? • What types of languages through poems is Snyder able to translate into English?

  22. Answers • The Mad Yak, Destiny, Last Night I Drove A Car, I Held A Shelley Manuscript, I Am 25 • Corso was convicted of theft. • San Francisco • City Lights • Prophetic Tradition • Columbia • San Francisco • Japanese