introduction to video communications
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Introduction to Video Communications. Types of Camera Shots. 1. EXTREME WIDE SHOT ( EWS ). Shows the subject’s surroundings Also called establishing shot – the first shot of a new scene to show the audience where the action is taking place. Types of Camera Shots.

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types of camera shots
Types of Camera Shots

1. EXTREME WIDE SHOT( EWS )

  • Shows the subject’s surroundings
  • Also called establishing shot – the first shot of a new scene to show the audience where the action is taking place.
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Types of Camera Shots

2. VERY WIDE SHOT( vws )

  • The subject is barely visible but emphasis on the subject’s environment.
  • Plenty of room for action, or for multiple subjects to appear.
  • Subject takes up ¼ - ½ of the frame
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Types of Camera Shots

3. WIDE SHOT( WS )

  • The subject takes up the majority of the frame
  • Lots of room for movement of subject.
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Types of Camera Shots

4. MID SHOT( MS )

  • Shows mid body to above head
  • Often used in news broadcasts.
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Types of Camera Shots

5. MEDIUM CLOSE-UP( MCU )

  • Approx. from above head to upper chest
  • Shows expressions, some background
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Types of Camera Shots

6. CLOSE-UP ( CU )

  • Part of the subject takes up most of the frame
  • Close up of a person emphasizes emotions and expressions.
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Types of Camera Shots

7. EXTREME CLOSE-UP( ECU )

  • Used for isolating detail in a scene
  • Hard to capture reactions or emotions from this close
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Types of Camera Shots

8. OVER THE SHOULDER SHOT( OSS )

  • Looking at the subject from behind a person
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Types of Camera Shots

9. TWO SHOT

  • Two people comfortably fit in the frame
  • Establishes relationship between subjects
  • Used for interview or discussion
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Types of Camera Shots

10. POINT-OF-VIEW SHOT ( POV )

  • Shows a view from the subject’s perspective
  • Make it obvious whose POV it is.
basic camera handling
Basic Camera Handling

Here are a few camera techniques you should know:

  • PANNING
  • Camera swivels fromside to side.
  • This move is similar to standing in one place and turning your head.
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Basic Camera Handling
  • TRUCKING
  • Camera sits on a tripod and rolls from side to side.
  • Good movement to use when following alongsidesomeone walking or running.
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Basic Camera Handling
  • DOLLYING
  • Camerarolls towards or awayfrom subject (on tripod).

Gives the viewer the impression they are walking nearer or farther from subject.

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Basic Camera Handling
  • ZOOMING
  • When zooming, the cameradoes not move.
  • The camera’s lens setting changes to make an object appear closer or farther away from the camera.
  • Use with care – avoid zooming in and out too quickly.
video tips tripod
Video Tips: Tripod
  • Always maintain a steadycamera by using a tripod.
  • You can also steadyyour camera using your hands and arms.
  • Use a piece of furnitureor a wall to stay steady
video tips angles heights
Video Tips: Angles/Heights
  • Don’t film everythingat eye-level.
  • Too many shots at the same height are boring.
  • Try different angles and heights to create visual interest& show subjects in ways your audience isn’t used to.
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Video Tips: Angles/Heights
  • To make your subject appear small, weak, insignificant, try a downward angle
  • To make your subject appear large, powerful, mighty, try an upward angle
video tips natural framing
Video Tips: Natural Framing
  • Use elements of your surroundings to frame shots(trees, windows, buildings, etc.).
  • Natural framing makes the audience feel like they are part of the scene.
video tips rule of thirds
Video Tips: Rule of Thirds
  • Divide your frame into thirds, vertically and horizontally.
  • When filming, try to place subjects at specific points in the frame.
  • Creates powerful visual interest.
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Video Tips: Rule of Thirds
  • Objects placed at the dead centre of the screen tend to look boring.
video tips
Video Tips:
  • Move subjects a little off-centre and things start to look good!
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Video Tips:

Centering a subject can work well when the subject ispowerful or unusual.

  • Sometimes the rule can be broken . . .
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