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Tools for Addressing and Changing Potentially Harmful Student Behaviors Presented by, Bill Shipton , Director of Student Programs & Services, Residential Programs & Services

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The tool academy

Tools for Addressing and Changing Potentially Harmful Student Behaviors

Presented by,

Bill Shipton, Director of Student Programs & Services, Residential Programs & Services

Laura Guthrie Eads, Assistant Director for Student Conduct, The Office of Student Ethics & Anti-Harassment Programs and Residential Programs & Services

The Tool Academy

“If the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.”

-Abraham Maslow

What do you already know
What do you already know? every problem as a nail.”

  • Advisors:

  • During an advising appointment, you discover a student cannot register due to a “Student Ethics hold”. They ask what they need to do.

  • What do you tell them?

  • CDC/Financial Aid:

  • A student tells you he got in trouble and had to see “Jboard”. He is wondering if this will affect his chances of getting a job/getting into law school/getting financial aid.

  • What would you say?

What do you already know1
What do you already know? every problem as a nail.”

  • Orientation:

  • You overhear your student staff saying that IU has a “three strikes and you are out” rule. You tell them that IU does not and they ask you how the judicial system works.

  • What do you say?

  • Faculty/Ais”

  • A student in your class is continually disruptive but isn’t breaking any laws. You worry that he is affecting the experience for others.

  • What resources do you have to address this behavior?

Assumptions every problem as a nail.”

Students make mistakes and experiment

Students can learn and thus change

Students can demonstrate remorse

Students are good people who deserve care and regard

Students want help and direction in order to be successful

Students want to be liked and accepted

Students want to graduate

Students want a good and safe environment in which to live and study

Goals every problem as a nail.”

To hold students accountable for their behaviors with fairness and dignity to all involved parties

To protect the welfare of the Indiana University community and its constituents

To educate students about the expectations Indiana University has regarding the standards of behavior all students are to maintain

To instruct, educate, and advise students to cease offending behaviors and get assurances that these behaviors will not be repeated

Goals every problem as a nail.”

To provide developmental learning experiences that give students the opportunity for insight and reflection about why they are at IU and how to best accomplish their educational and personal goals

To educate students about what it means to be part of a community and to strive to cultivate an atmosphere of respect and understanding among diverse members of the IU Community

To advocate to enhance and, at times, re-establish the learning environment for students at IU (Community Restoration)

To fairly, effectively, and efficiently administer the Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities, and Conduct

Community restoration restorative justice vs retributive justice
Community Restoration/Restorative Justice vs. Retributive Justice

Restorative Justice has a balanced focus on:

Person(s) causing harm, person(s) harmed, and the community

What harm was caused

Who is responsible

How the harm can be repaired

Creating peace in communities

Retributive Justice focuses on:

The offender

What rule was broken

Who broke the rule

How should they be punished


The tool box
The Tool Box Justice

Daily Interventions (CaPS/SACS/resource referrals, expressing concern, mediating roommate conflicts, etc.)

Informal Follow-Up Conversations

Alternative Alcohol Intervention Program (AAIP)

Campus Judicial System

Summary of personal misconduct procedures
Summary of Personal Misconduct Procedures Justice

Alleged violation occurs

Written report to Dean of Students

Written notification to student

Judicial Conference

Hearing Commission/Formal Hearing

Review Board

Guiding documents
Guiding Documents Justice

Code of Student Rights, Responsibilities & Conduct (

Residence Hall/Apartment Rules & Regulations (

What is unique about iu s campus judicial system
What is unique about IU’s Campus Judicial System? Justice

Centralized (Academic, Off Campus, etc)

Emphasis on peer judicial boards

Relationship with IUPD

Autonomy of Judicial Officers/Boards

Strong emphasis on student rights (witnesses, advocates/advisors, victim rights, etc)

Clear & Convincing standard

What is clear convincing evidence
What is “Clear & Convincing Evidence”? Justice

  • “Reasonably certain” or “Highly probable”..what does that mean to you?

  • Preponderance of evidence-51% sure

  • Beyond a reasonable doubt-100% sure

  • Clear & convincing-somewhere in between

What is the purpose of sanctioning
What is the purpose of sanctioning? Justice

  • To Educate

  • To Repair Harm

  • To Restore the Community

  • To Prevent future acts of misconduct

  • To Hold Students Accountable

  • Other Purposes?

Types of sanctions
Types of Sanctions Justice

  • Administrative

    • Reprimand and Warning to Expulsion

  • Educational

    • Paper, reflective essay, SMART, etc.

  • Restorative

    • Community Service, fines/retribution, etc.

Administrative sanctions
Administrative Sanctions Justice

  • *Required for every case when a student is found responsible

  • *Sanctions are progressive

  • Administrative Sanctions include:

    -Reprimand & Warning

    -Disciplinary Probation

    -Housing Expulsion/Deferred Housing Expulsion

    -Suspension/Deferred Suspension


What questions should be asked when sanctioning a student
What questions should be asked when sanctioning a student? Justice

  • What was the intent of the student?

  • What was the impact on the victim/witness/campus/community?

  • What has the student learned or done to repair the harm?

  • What were the potential and actual consequences of the behavior?

  • What sanctions will help the student understand the consequences of the behavior?

  • Does the student have a history of misconduct?

What would you do activity
What would you do? JusticeActivity

Questions how can we partner to help student change harmful behaviors
Questions? JusticeHow can we partner to help student change harmful behaviors?

"A teacher affects eternity; Justice

he can never tell where his influence stops." - Henry Brooks Adams