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MYTHOLOGY. An Introduction To Mythology and the Greek Gods & Goddesses Mr. Dewalt English I WHS. What Is a Myth? . Myths are traditional stories, rooted in a particular culture, that deal with gods, goddesses, and other supernatural beings, as well as human heroes.

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mythology

MYTHOLOGY

An Introduction To Mythology and the Greek Gods & Goddesses

Mr. DewaltEnglish I

WHS

what is a myth
What Is a Myth?
  • Myths are traditional stories, rooted in a particular culture, that deal with gods, goddesses, and other supernatural beings, as well as human heroes.
  • Myths often embody religious beliefs and values and explain natural phenomena.
  • Every early culture has created their own myths.
mythology continued
Mythology Continued
  • Myths surround our daily lives.
  • What are some examples of myths that you are aware of?
myths found today
Myths Found Today
  • Did you eat Cereal for breakfast?
  • Research is being conducted on Mars.
  • What did Cupid send you for Valentine’s Day?
  • It’s Thursday. Is it May or June though?
  • Cereal from Cerealia; a festival for Ceres the Roman goddess of the harvest.
  • Mars is the Roman god of war.
  • Cupid young Roman god.
  • Thursday- Thor; Norse god of thunder.
  • May- Maia; Greek goddess of the fields.
  • June- Juno; Roman goddess of marriage and women.
mythology cont
Mythology Cont.
  • Originally, myths were used to explain the cause and occurrence of phenomena in the natural world.
  • With the advancement of science though, these tales have become more for entertainment purposes rather than to instruct people.
so what exactly is a myth
So What Exactly is a Myth?!
  • A myth is a traditional story, rooted in a particular culture.
    • Deals with gods and other supernatural beings.
    • Can also deal with human heroes.
    • Often embody religious beliefs and values and explain natural phenomena.
    • Myths can also detail why things occur in life such as the changing of the seasons or reason for human suffering.
types of myths
Types of Myths
  • Creation Myths
  • Origin Myths
  • Social Myths
  • Ritual Myths
  • Describe how the world or universe came into being.
  • Explain the beginning of customs or names of objects .
  • Reinforce or explain social values or practices.
  • Explain performance of rituals and religious practices .
words we ve acquired from myths
Words We’ve Acquired from Myths
  • Narcissism
    • To love oneself: Narcissus.
  • Nemesis
    • Someone who wants to bring about vengeance; goddess of vengeance.
  • Meander
    • Ancient Greek river Maiandros or Maeander; a bend in a river; verb form means to wander aimlessly.
  • Stoical
    • School of Greek philosophy that believed people hoping to be wise should be free of joy, grief, and passions.
myths explain natural occurrences
Myths Explain Natural Occurrences
  • Examples?
  • Gaea and Ouranos
  • Thunder and lightning (Zeus)
  • Earthquakes (Poseidon)
  • Seasons (Persephone & Demeter)
  • The sun rises (Greece: Helios’ chariot, Egypt: Ra and Semektet)
myths explain fundamental philosophical questions
Myths Explain Fundamental Philosophical Questions
  • Early Greeks as proto philosophers
    • Attempting to answer fundamental questions
      • Where did we come from?
      • Who created the universe?
      • Is there life after death?
    • To explain is to control
    • Comfort in knowing
myths explain culture and institutions
Myths Explain Culture and Institutions
  • Why women

couldn’t vote

  • To explain is to control
  • Athena and Poseidon both want to rule and protect Athens
  • Gift contest
    • Poseidon=saltwater well (useless)
    • Athena=olive tree (olive, wood, oil)
  • Men vote for Poseidon, women for Athena
  • Athena wins
  • Poseidon flood the Attic plain
  • Athenians blame the women, take away vote
myths as means to instruct
Myths as Means to Instruct
  • Myths often relay a message or moral
    • Teach cultural traditions, values
    • Icarus—life has limits
    • Narcissus and the dangers of pride and self love
myths to explain history
Myths to Explain History
  • A biased version of history
  • Reinforce Greek culture and power
  • Trojan War
  • Crete and King Minos
  • Founding of Rome
    • Founded by sons of Mars
  • Gave tellers sense of identity, sense of place
myths to entertain
Myths to Entertain
  • People were illiterate in early Greece
    • Couldn’t read or write
  • Entertainment in an oral culture
    • Blood, shock, exciting tales
  • The Heroes
    • Herakles, Odysseus, Theseus, Jason
    • Stronger, smarter, more handsome than mere mortals
    • Nobility in humanity
    • Humans are better than gods
important greek gods goddesses
Important Greek Gods & Goddesses
  • Zeus
  • Hera
  • Athena
  • Ares
  • Aphrodite
  • Demeter
  • Hephaestus
  • Hades
  • Poseidon
  • Apollo
  • Artemis
  • Dionysus
  • Hestia
  • Hermes