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Where do you find poetry? Consider this: “We drove to the cave in silence. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Where do you find poetry? Consider this: “We drove to the cave in silence. When we arrived, She whispered to the piano player, Then took my hand. We danced. And suddenly, something we had lost was back.”. Poetry is Everywhere: Music Textbooks Love letters Plays

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Where do you find poetry?

Consider this:

“We drove to the cave in silence.

When we arrived,

She whispered to the piano player,

Then took my hand.

We danced.

And suddenly,

something we had lost

was back.”


Poetry is Everywhere:

  • Music
  • Textbooks
  • Love letters
  • Plays
  • Even, Mercedes Benz ads (as the one we just read).

In order to understand poetry, you have to understand the devices a poet uses to write his poetry.


Just as an artist chooses his medium- paint, clay, pencil, charcoal- so a poet chooses how he will create his work. Poets use a variety of tools – or


to breathe life and

meaning into

their words.

poetic devices can be divided into three categories
Poetic devices can be divided into three categories:

Type of Poetry

Poetry Organization

Figurative Language

types of poetry
Types of Poetry
  • Elegy: a poem that mourns the death of a person, that is simply sad and thoughtful.
  • Free Verse: poetry composed of rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no meter.
  • Fixed Form: various types of poems that have a prescribed meter and rhyme scheme.
types of poetry1
Types of Poetry

4. Lyric: a poem, such as an ode or sonnet, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem usually resembles the form of a song.

5. Narrative: a poem that tells a story.

6. Ode: a lyric that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure.

7. Sonnet: a formal poem written in iambic pentameter, of 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme of ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG.

poetry organization
Poetry Organization

Couplet: two lines of poetry that rhyme.

Elision: the leaving out of a stressed or unstressed syllable or vowel, usually in order to keep a meter in a line of poetry. Example: “o’er” for “over”

End Rhyme: when the end of lines of poetry rhyme.

poetry organization1
Poetry Organization

4. Foot: two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in poetry.

5. Iambic Pentameter: Shakespeare’s plays were written in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. I has five feet in each line, each foot having an unstressed, then stressed syllable.

6. Internal Rhyme: when words rhyme within one line of poetry.

poetry organization2
Poetry Organization

7. Meter: basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in a verse.

8. Quatrain: a stanza or poem of four lines.

9. Rhyme: the occurrence of similar sounds at the end of two or more words.

poetry organization3
Poetry Organization

10. Rhyme Scheme: the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme .For example, “abab” would mean the first and third lines rhyme, and the second and fourth lines rhyme.

11. Stanza: two or more lines of poetry that form the divisions of a poem.

poetry organization focus on meter
Poetry Organization: Focus on Meter


Name Order of Stress Number of Syllables

Iamb (Iambic) unstressed, stressed 2 syllables

Trochee (Trochaic) stressed, unstressed 2 syllables

Anapest (Anapestic) unstressed, unstressed, stressed 3 syllables

Dactyle (Dactylic) stressed, unstressed, unstressed 3 syllables

Pyric unstressed, unstressed 2 syllables

Iambic example: Shall I | compare |

Trochee example: By the shores of GitcheGumee

Pyric example: When the blood creeps and the nerves prick.

poetry organization focus on meter and line length
Poetry Organization:Focus on Meter and Line Length

Monometer- One Foot

Dimeter- Two Feet

Trimeter- Three Feet

Tetrameter- Four Feet

Pentameter- Five Feet

Hexameter- Six Feet

Heptameter- Seven Feet

Octameter- Eight Feet

poetry organizations meter and length combinations
Poetry Organizations:Meter and Length Combinations

Mixed Meter With Iambic Feet

From "Intimations of Immortality," by William Wordsworth


There WAS..|..a TIME..|..when MEAD..|..ow, GROVE,..|..and STREAM

Iambic Pentameter


The EARTH,..|..and EV..|..ryCOM..|..monSIGHT Iambic Tetrameter


To ME..|..did SEEM Iambic Dimeter


ApPAR..|..elledIN..|..celEST..|..ialLIGHTIambic Tetrameter


The GLOR..|..y AND..|..the FRESH..|..nessOF..|..a DREAM. Iambic Pentameter

figurative language
Figurative Language

Alliteration: repetition of consonant sounds.

Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds.

Author: the individual who wrote a work of literature.

figurative language1
Figurative Language

4. Connotation: what a word suggests beyond its basic meaning. Consider the words “home” and “house”. Which has a more positive connotation?

5. Denotation: the dictionary meaning of a word.

6. Diction: the choice of words or phrases in a piece of writing.

figurative language2
Figurative Language

7. Extended metaphor: a metaphor that is extended for several lines. (Similar to epic similes).

8. Figurative meaning: associative or connotative meaning; representational.

9. Hyperbole: an overstatement.

figurative language3
Figurative Language

10. Imagery: words that paint mental pictures.

11. Irony: the use of meaning that uses language that usually signifies the opposite.

12. Literal Meaning: the meaning that an author truly writes and explains.

figurative language4
Figurative Language

13. Metaphor: a comparison not using like or as.

14. Mood: the attitude or emotion that a reader receives from a work.

15. Motif: two contrasting elements in a work of literature, such as light and dark, death and life.

figurative langauge
Figurative Langauge

16. Onomatopoeia: words that create sounds.

17. Paradox: statement or situation that contains contradictory or incompatible elements.

18. Personification: giving human characteristics to non-human things.

figurative language5
Figurative Language

19. Simile: figure of speech using like or as.

21. Speaker: the person from whom the point of view is from.

22. Symbol: idea, object, person, that represents something else.