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Where do you find poetry? Consider this: “We drove to the cave in silence. When we arrived, She whispered to the piano player, Then took my hand. We danced. And suddenly, something we had lost was back.”. Poetry is Everywhere: Music Textbooks Love letters Plays
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“We drove to the cave in silence.
When we arrived,
She whispered to the piano player,
Then took my hand.
something we had lost
In order to understand poetry, you have to understand the devices a poet uses to write his poetry.
Just as an artist chooses his medium- paint, clay, pencil, charcoal- so a poet chooses how he will create his work. Poets use a variety of tools – or
LITERARY and POETIC DEVICES-
to breathe life and
Type of Poetry
4. Lyric: a poem, such as an ode or sonnet, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. A lyric poem usually resembles the form of a song.
5. Narrative: a poem that tells a story.
6. Ode: a lyric that is serious and thoughtful in tone and has a very precise, formal structure.
7. Sonnet: a formal poem written in iambic pentameter, of 14 lines, with a rhyme scheme of ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG.
Couplet: two lines of poetry that rhyme.
Elision: the leaving out of a stressed or unstressed syllable or vowel, usually in order to keep a meter in a line of poetry. Example: “o’er” for “over”
End Rhyme: when the end of lines of poetry rhyme.
4. Foot: two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in poetry.
5. Iambic Pentameter: Shakespeare’s plays were written in iambic pentameter, which is the most common type of meter in English poetry. I has five feet in each line, each foot having an unstressed, then stressed syllable.
6. Internal Rhyme: when words rhyme within one line of poetry.
7. Meter: basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in a verse.
8. Quatrain: a stanza or poem of four lines.
9. Rhyme: the occurrence of similar sounds at the end of two or more words.
10. Rhyme Scheme: the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem. It is usually referred to by using letters to indicate which lines rhyme .For example, “abab” would mean the first and third lines rhyme, and the second and fourth lines rhyme.
11. Stanza: two or more lines of poetry that form the divisions of a poem.
Name Order of Stress Number of Syllables
Iamb (Iambic) unstressed, stressed 2 syllables
Trochee (Trochaic) stressed, unstressed 2 syllables
Anapest (Anapestic) unstressed, unstressed, stressed 3 syllables
Dactyle (Dactylic) stressed, unstressed, unstressed 3 syllables
Pyric unstressed, unstressed 2 syllables
Iambic example: Shall I | compare |
Trochee example: By the shores of GitcheGumee
Pyric example: When the blood creeps and the nerves prick.
Monometer- One Foot
Dimeter- Two Feet
Trimeter- Three Feet
Tetrameter- Four Feet
Pentameter- Five Feet
Hexameter- Six Feet
Heptameter- Seven Feet
Octameter- Eight Feet
Mixed Meter With Iambic Feet
From "Intimations of Immortality," by William Wordsworth
There WAS..|..a TIME..|..when MEAD..|..ow, GROVE,..|..and STREAM
The EARTH,..|..and EV..|..ryCOM..|..monSIGHT Iambic Tetrameter
To ME..|..did SEEM Iambic Dimeter
The GLOR..|..y AND..|..the FRESH..|..nessOF..|..a DREAM. Iambic Pentameter
Alliteration: repetition of consonant sounds.
Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds.
Author: the individual who wrote a work of literature.
4. Connotation: what a word suggests beyond its basic meaning. Consider the words “home” and “house”. Which has a more positive connotation?
5. Denotation: the dictionary meaning of a word.
6. Diction: the choice of words or phrases in a piece of writing.
7. Extended metaphor: a metaphor that is extended for several lines. (Similar to epic similes).
8. Figurative meaning: associative or connotative meaning; representational.
9. Hyperbole: an overstatement.
10. Imagery: words that paint mental pictures.
11. Irony: the use of meaning that uses language that usually signifies the opposite.
12. Literal Meaning: the meaning that an author truly writes and explains.
13. Metaphor: a comparison not using like or as.
14. Mood: the attitude or emotion that a reader receives from a work.
15. Motif: two contrasting elements in a work of literature, such as light and dark, death and life.
16. Onomatopoeia: words that create sounds.
17. Paradox: statement or situation that contains contradictory or incompatible elements.
18. Personification: giving human characteristics to non-human things.
19. Simile: figure of speech using like or as.
21. Speaker: the person from whom the point of view is from.
22. Symbol: idea, object, person, that represents something else.