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Using psycho-dynamic small group work in nurse education: Closing the theory-practice gap?’ PowerPoint Presentation
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Using psycho-dynamic small group work in nurse education: Closing the theory-practice gap?’. Helen Allan Division of Health Social Care Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences. Aim . Illustrate the role of psychodynamic small group work in integrating theory and practice for nursing students.

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Using psycho-dynamic small group work in nurse education: Closing the theory-practice gap?’

Helen Allan

Division of Health Social Care

Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences

slide2
Aim
  • Illustrate the role of psychodynamic small group work in integrating theory and practice for nursing students
background
Background
  • Menzies-Lyth
    • The nurse-patient relationship changes ‘ordinary’ social relationships and there is a need to manage the intimate and emotional nature of these clinical, ‘non-social’ relationships.
  • Fabricius
    • As well the clinical dimension of care, there are the social and emotional processes at work in interactions with patients.
the psychodynamic approach
The psychodynamic approach
  • Psychodynamic model
    • emotions shape our being in the world and reactions to the world
  • Small group work can help nurses and doctors work therapeutically through reflection and learning from reflection
    • Balint; Menzies; Tavistock Clinic
    • Peplau;
    • Gilmartin 2008; Ashburner et al 2004; Clifford 2004
psychodynamic approach to emotions
Psychodynamic approach to emotions
  • The study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, which emphasises the interplay between unconscious and conscious motivation (Brown & Pedder 1991)
personal experience as a tutor
Personal experience as a tutor
  • Participated in small group work as a tutor run by Julia Fabricius
    • Fabricius J (1991a) Learning to work with feelings — a psychodynamic understanding and small group work with junior student nurses. Nurse Education Today 11,134–42.
    • Fabricius J (1991b) Running on the spot or can nursing really change? Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 5, 97-/108.
    • Fabricius J (1995) Psychoanalytic understanding and nursing: A supervisory workshop with nurse tutors. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy 9, 17–29
my experience with personal tutees
My experience with personal tutees
  • Small group supervision
    • Meeting regularly, bringing clinical material
    • Staying with the emotions
    • Managing emotions to help them learn
    • Support to help them learn
    • Containing to help them learn
presentation of some supervision material
Presentation of some supervision material

Clinical material is brought to supervision sessions by students

Reflected on in the supervision

Reflected on by the supervisor afterwards

Journaling to help reflection

using small group work to integrate the t p gap
Using small group work to integrate the T/P Gap
  • The theory practice gap can sometimes feel like a fact of nursing life; it exists but of course each of us reproduces it in our teaching (as I have show) and in our practice (as the material described here shows).
using small group work to integrate the t p gap cont d
Using small group work to integrate the T/P Gap (cont’d.)
  • It is possible to integrate theory and practice for our students and ourselves if we reflect and recognise the split and projection by working psychodynamically.
  • By integrating theory and practice internally, it may be possible to integrate at the structural level also.
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Of course, such work needs training and an acceptance that working with feelings is firstly, possible and secondly, desirable; I say this as resistance to participating in small groups has been well described in the literature (Ashburner et al 2004;Fabricius 1995;Gilmartin 2008).
conclusions cont d
Conclusions (cont’d.)
  • Arranging meetings once in placement
    • Large cohorts means groups divided and personal tutor groups not part of same curriculum group
    • Geography
    • Financial
    • Resistance
      • Less with students than trained staff