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Lawanit Board and Rice husk as a blocker of x-ray rays. Research Adviser: Mr. Jerico D. Catipay _________________________________ Research Conductor: Sherramel M. Mabras Keren C. Penalver. Table of Contents. Chapter I- Problem and its Setting 1.1 INTRODUCTION
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Mr. Jerico D. Catipay
Sherramel M. Mabras
Keren C. Penalver
Chapter I- Problem and its Setting
1.2 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.6 SCOPE AND DELIMITATION
1.7 CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
2.1 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.2 REVIEW OF RELATED STUDIES
3.1 MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENTS
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN
3.2.1 EXPERIMENATAL DESIGN
3.3 FLOWCHART OF THE METHODOLOGY
X-ray is helpful to human. It can produce image in which what part of the body is affected can be visible . But, x-ray can lead humans to take in radiation that is very harmful. In Hospitals, they are using x-ray in a close room but still the radiation will spread because it will not be block by a cement or stones only. It will still spread in few meters. But now, we will make a new way. Lawanit Board with Rice Husk can stop or reduce the spreading of the radiation all over the room. This combination will be a big help to the human once tested and proven.
This study generally aims to block the radiation from x-ray. Specifically, it attempts to:
1. Determine if Lawanit Board with Rice Husk is effective in blocking any radiations.
2. Determine if Lawanit Board with Rice Husk is a strong and perfect combination in blocking radiation.
3. Determine if Lawanit Board with Rice Husk will be helpful in other means.
This research will be conducted to test the effectiveness if Lawanit Board and Rice Husk in blocking x-ray radiation.
Specifically, it attempts to answer the following question:
1. Can Lawanit Board with Rice Husk will block any kind of radiation?
2. Is Lawanit Board and Rice Husk a strong combination in blocking radiation?
3. Is there any other use of Lawanit Board with Rice Husk?
Based on the research problems, the researchers formulated this null hypotheses:
1. Lawanit board with Rice Husk cannot block any radiation.
2. Lawanit Board and Rice Husk is not a strong combination in blocking radiations.
3. Lawanit Board with Rice Husk has no other use.
X-ray is widely use in hospitals, clinics, etc. X-ray can produce radiation. With the help of Lawanit Board with Rice Husk, the importance of this is that the spreading of radiation will lessen or stop so it will not harm human life.
This study focuses only on the use of Lawanit board together with the Rice Husk in blocking x-ray radiation. It also includes the other use of the combined material and the effectiveness of it.
Create a board Combine with the
out of Lawanit. Rice Husk(fined)
The Board is
ready to be
X-rays from about 0.12 to 12 keV (10 to 0.10 nm wavelength) are classified as "soft" X-rays, and from about 12 to 120 keV (0.10 to 0.01 nm wavelength) as "hard" X-rays, due to their penetrating abilities.[
Hard X-rays can penetrate solid objects, and their most common use is to take images of the inside of objects in diagnosticradiography and crystallography. As a result, the term X-ray is metonymically used to refer to a radiographic image produced using this method, in addition to the method itself. By contrast, soft X-rays hardly penetrate matter at all; the attenuation length of 600 eV (~2 nm) X-rays in water is less than 1 micrometer.
The distinction between X-rays and gamma rays has changed in recent decades. Originally, the electromagnetic radiation emitted by X-ray tubes had a longer wavelength than the radiation emitted by radioactivenuclei (gamma rays).Older literature distinguished between X- and gamma radiation on the basis of wavelength, with radiation shorter than some arbitrary wavelength, such as 10−11 m, defined as gamma rays. However, as shorter wavelength continuous spectrum "X-ray" sources such as linear accelerators and longer wavelength "gamma ray" emitters were discovered, the wavelength bands largely overlapped. The two types of radiation are now usually distinguished by their origin: X-rays are emitted by electrons outside the nucleus, while gamma rays are emitted by the nucleus.
Lawanit- A type of wood that can be seen here in the Philippines.
The losing of hair quickly and in clumps occurs with radiation exposure at 200 rems or higher.
Since brain cells do not reproduce, they won't be damaged directly unless the exposure is 5,000 rems or greater. Like the heart, radiation kills nerve cells and small blood vessels, and can cause seizures and immediate death.
The certain body parts are more specifically affected by exposure to different types of radiation sources. The thyroid gland is susceptible to radioactive iodine. In sufficient amounts, radioactive iodine can destroy all or part of the thyroid. By taking potassium iodide, one can reduce the effects of exposure.
(4) Blood System
When a person is exposed to around 100 rems, the blood's lymphocyte cell count will be reduced, leaving the victim more susceptible to infection. This is often refered to as mild radiation sickness. Early symptoms of radiation sickness mimic those of flu and may go unnoticed unless a blood count is done.According to data from Hiroshima and Nagaski, show that symptoms may persist for up to 10 years and may also have an increased long-term risk for leukemia and lymphoma.
Intense exposure to radioactive material at 1,000 to 5,000 rems would do immediate damage to small blood vessels and probably cause heart failure and death directly.
(6) Gastrointestinal Tract
Radiation damage to the intestinal tract lining will cause nausea, bloody vomiting and diarrhea. This is occurs when the victim's exposure is 200 rems or more. The radiation will begin to destroy the cells in the body that divide rapidly. These including blood, GI tract, reproductive and hair cells, and harms their DNA and RNA of surviving cells.
(7) Reproductive Tract
Because reproductive tract cells divide rapidly, these areas of the body can be damaged at rem levels as low as 200. Long-term, some radiation sickness victims will become sterile.
3.1 MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENTS
The experiment will be done one set-up: The experimental set-up.
3.2.1 Experimental Set-up.
The Rice Husk will be attach to Lawanit board in any size as long as it covers the whole room of the clinic/hospital that will be the place to conduct the research or as big as the x-ray machine.
Set-up and Testing
Lawanit Board of the
attach with Rice material