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Plot & Setting. Unit 1 C.P. 9 Lecture Notes. Review of Plot. Plot Sequence of related events that make a story hang together. Includes characters who experience some conflict or problem. Details are filled in before, during and after the problem takes place.

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Plot setting

Plot & Setting

Unit 1

C.P. 9 Lecture Notes

Review of plot
Review of Plot

  • Plot

    • Sequence of related events that make a story hang together.

      • Includes characters who experience some conflict or problem.

      • Details are filled in before, during and after the problem takes place.

      • The story takes place within a specific span of time.

Plot structure
Plot Structure

  • A plot has five basic parts:

    • Exposition

    • Rising Action

    • Climax

    • Falling Action

    • Resolution

Parts of a plot
Parts of a Plot

  • Exposition

    • Also called the Basic Situation

    • Opening / Introduction

    • Introduces a main character who wants something very much and who encounters a problem or conflict while trying to get it.

Parts of a plot1
Parts of a Plot

  • Rising Action

    • Otherwise known as “the complication”

    • The writer develops the elements of conflict further, and new complications or problems arise.

      • Conflict – struggle, clash, or problem between opposing forces, characters, or emotions.

        • Internal – a struggle between opposing needs, desires or emotions within a single character. *A struggle inside their own mind or heart.

        • Man vs. Self

        • External – A character struggles against an outside force – another character, society, something in nature, etc.

        • Man vs. Man

        • Man vs. Nature

        • Man vs. Society

Parts of a plot2
Parts of a Plot

  • Climax

    • High point of the plot

    • The most exciting or suspenseful moment in the story

    • The climax is when something happens that decides the outcome of the conflict.

Parts of a plot3
Parts of a Plot

  • Falling Action

    • The after-effect of the climax

    • The story just begins to wind down; however, the problems are not necessarily solved yet.

  • Resolution

    • Sometimes called the denouement

    • The problems are resolved and the story ends.

Plot timing
Plot Timing

  • Sequence of events in a plot

    • Most common

      • Chronological Order – start at the beginning and tell the story in the order that it happened

    • However…

      • Other techniques can be used to manipulate time and control the reader’s feelings.

      • These other techniques may help create suspense or dramatize a moment as well.

        • Slowing time down can help accomplish this.

Plot timing continued
Plot Timing continued…

  • Other techniques used to manipulate time

    • Flashback – the present action is interrupted with a scene or scenes from the past

      • Can reveal the past life of a character or explain why someone is in a current situation

    • Flash-forward – visiting a character’s future

    • Foreshadowing – a writer plants clues that hint at something that will happen later in the plot

Review of setting
Review of Setting

  • Setting

    • Where and when a story takes place

    • Is it possible for an interesting story to have no setting … no indication of where or when the action takes place?

      • Yes!

      • If the characters and situations are strong enough, they will hold our attention in empty space, just as a play presented on a bare stage could hold our interest.

The importance of setting
The Importance of Setting

  • In real life, events occur somewhere… so, fiction specifies a setting most of the time.

  • Think of how crucial setting would be in:

    • a story about a prisoner

    • a story about a castaway on the Pacific

    • a story about a colony on Mars

      • What details would you need in the setting to make each of the above stories a success?

Setting mood and tone
Setting, Mood, and Tone

  • Setting can contribute to a story’s emotional effect.

    • Mood – the story’s atmosphere

      • gloomy, cheerful, etc.

      • A setting in the spring can give a sense of hope or rebirth. / A setting in the winter can give a sense of death.

    • Tone – the writer’s attitude toward a subject or character (like a tone of voice)

      • mocking, tender, joyful, vindictive, etc.

      • Setting details can help to reveal the tone.

Setting and images
Setting and Images

  • To create a believable setting or one that can make us feel joy, mystery, or fear, the writer must select the right details or images.

  • Images - words or phrases that call forth a response from our senses (sight, smell, touch, hearing, and taste).

  • When the writer supplies a few right images, the reader will fill in the rest through their imagination.

Setting character and conflict
Setting, Character, and Conflict

  • Setting can help reveal character.

    • Characters affect environment

      • If the author wishes to portray an “untidy” character, he/she may show us a setting from the mess in their room.

  • Sometimes, the setting can provide the main conflict.

    • A group of tourists get lost in the Arctic or in the jungle = a fight for survival.