slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Origins of The Industrial Revolution

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 46

Origins of The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

Origins of The Industrial Revolution. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY. Before the Industrial Revolution, entire families worked at home to manufacture things such as cloth. Causes of the Industrial Revolution. new innovations in the production of food: crop rotation

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Origins of The Industrial Revolution' - angela-gillespie


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
Origins of The

Industrial

Revolution

By: Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY

slide3
Before the Industrial Revolution, entire families worked at home to manufacture things such as cloth.
agricultural revolution
new innovations in the production of food: crop rotation

fed city-dwellers

the “enclosure movement” forced poor farmers off their land

Agricultural Revolution
population growth
England’s population swelled

more people = specialization of labor (you can do other things besides farming!)

more reliable food supplies and resistance to disease

higher percentage of children led to child labor

Population Growth
slide7
Why Did

Industrialization

Begin in

England First?

slide8
Why was Great Britain in the 1700s ideally suited to be the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution?
  • Natural resources coal; iron ore; rivers
  • Raw materials  Colonies
  • Powerful navy and merchant fleet facilitated trade (Good Harbors)
  • Enclosure movement led to large labor supply
  • Investment in new inventions
  • Stable government
  • Banking system
why britain
WHY BRITAIN?
  • Factors of production
  • Land
  • Labor
  • Capital (wealth)
slide10
Industrial England:

"Workshop

of the World"

That Nation of Shopkeepers! -- Napoleon Bonaparte

slide15
Early Canals

Britain’s Earliest Transportation Infrastructure

slide19
Child Labor in the Mines

Child “hurriers”

slide20
New Inventions

of the

Industrial Revolution

slide21
In 1769, Richard Arkwright’s water powered spinning frame resulted in the first factory for producing cloth.
slide23
IMPROVEMENTS IN THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY
  • Textiles: wool, linen, cotton turned into clothing
  • Major Inventions:
  • John Kay: flying shuttle
  • James Hargreaves: spinning jenny
  • Richard Arkwright: water frame
  • Samuel Crompton: spinning mule
  • Ed Cartwright: power loom
  • Machines set up in factories: large buildings
slide24
Factory Production
  • Concentrates production in oneplace [materials, labor].
  • Located near sources of power [rather than labor or markets].
  • Requires a lot of capital investment[factory, machines, etc.] morethan skilled labor.
  • Only 10% of English industry in 1850.
slide25
The Factory System
  • Rigid schedule.
  • 12-14 hour day.
  • Dangerous conditions.
  • Mind-numbing monotony.
slide26
More Innovations
  • Canals and steam engines on boats
  • New roads
  • Railroads– the most important transportation innovation of the Industrial Age
slide27
Steam Engine

1765 James Watt

Used to propel boats and locomotives

slide42
British Cotton Trade About 1850

In the 1600s, cotton cloth imported from India had become popular. British merchants tried to organize a cotton cloth industry at home. To do so, they developed the putting out system.

ad