Islamic feminism
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ISLAMIC FEMINISM. 14.09.11. FEMINISMS No Boundaries Produced in particular places with context bound issues It is a plant which grows in its own soil. But that does not mean that there can’t be common issues. ORIGIN.

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Islamic feminism


  • No Boundaries

  • Produced in particular places with context bound issues

  • It is a plant which grows in its own soil.

  • But that does not mean that there can’t be common issues.


  • Qasim Amin father of Egyptian feminist movement. ‘Women’s Liberation’ 1899

  • Nisa ‘I’ – 1920’s

  • Al-Ittihad al-Nisai al Misri (Egyptian feminist union) 1923.

  • Malak Hifni Nasif in 1909 – Al-Nisaiyat (About Women)

  • Unthawiyat (womanists) –Nassawiyat (re-makers of women)

Islamic feminism

  • Nilufer Gole 1990’s ‘The Forbidden Modern’

    & Margot Badran- ‘Opening the Gates: A Century of Arab Feminist writing’.

    Feminists, Islam and Nations, Exploring Islamic Feminism etc

  • Mai Yamani 1996 ‘Feminism and Islam’.

Feminists may be calles as

  • Muslim Feminists.

  • Believe in Islam, gender equality but also tend to use argument outside Islam such as an international human rights agreement to counter gender inequality or secular law of the country.

  • Focus on Quran rather than of Hadith and Shariah

Islamic feminism

  • Islamist Feminists

    - Advocates for a political Islam- that Quran mandates an Islamic govt.

    - Advocate women rights in public sphere but do not challenge gender inequalities in the private sphere

Islamic feminism

  • Islamic Feminists (IF)

  • Seek full equality of women and men in public as well as private sphere.

  • Some Alambardars have hijacked Islam & it is damaging

  • IF call for authentic interpretation of Quran

  • IF want to restore original Islam

  • Cultural & political interpretations damaging

  • Patriarchal laws have damaged the true spirit and equality of Islam

  • Family laws have been damaged by alien ideologies, distortion and intrusions.

Islamic feminism

Categories of feminist
Categories of feminist helpful in every day life.

  • Economically dependent, uneducated, rural-urban group

  • Middle class, urban , educated, financially secure group. It also includes academics & researchers-as pressure groups.

  • Upper middle class and elite women, men whose position allows them to pursue liberation and development stances.

Theoratical underpinnings
THEORATICAL UNDERPINNINGS helpful in every day life.

  • Liberal Islamic Feminists:

    - Basically rebellious of patriarchal society

  • Women right for education

  • Equal rights in public space

  • Right to work

  • Challenge conventional authority of male, e.g. in marriage, inheritance

  • Women could be head of state

Islamic feminism

  • Modernist & Secular Islamic Feminists; helpful in every day life.

  • Liberal theory from within Islam

  • Self-control in sexual urges instead of dress codes and segregation.

  • Sometimes they compromise to situations for as women did in Iran and Sudan .

  • Critique of traditional interpretation of Islam

  • Fundamental human rights- to develop physical, mental and spiritual potentialities, pro-male structures are problematic and should be eliminated.

Islamic feminism

  • Radical Islamic Feminists helpful in every day life.:

    - Second and third generation are radical activists.

  • They are concerned about the technicalities enshrined in legal and Islamic .

  • They do question male dominance but sometimes accept patriarchal norms as genuine as veil.

  • Dialogue on issues such as work place, worship place, family intermixing.

  • They critique male’s politicization of Quranic interpretation and Prophetic Sunnah.

Islamic feminism

  • Secular Feminists helpful in every day life.:

  • Religion is private affair.

  • Religion and state should be separate

  • They are concerned about internal variations of Islam-which has impact on our economic, political, cultural, subordination.

  • Inherent hostility of women rights and fundamental notion of divine laws are problematic

  • Human rights should be international and have no cultural boundaries

  • As Muslims their position itself becomes challenging.

Islamic feminism

  • Conservative Islamic Feminists: helpful in every day life.

  • Women are equal but different.

  • Segregation of sexes and purdah necessary to control.

  • They ask for segregated education, hospitals, business etc

  • Women at work place is a threat to morality and productivity of the society

  • They counter the efforts of liberal feminists

  • The younger generation has a different stance and they look for jobs, state generated discriminatory laws, domestic violence, marriage rights ….