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“Anglo-Saxon England was born of warfare, remained forever a military society; and came to its end in battle.”
Political system – “for the people and by the people,” emphasis on personal rights and freedoms
The British not only influenced the development and ideals of the United Stated government, but it also had influence over our language and literature as well.
Iberians, Celts, Romans, Angles and Saxons, Vikings and Normans.
From the Latin word “spirit.” Celts saw spirits everywhere – in rivers, trees, stones, ponds, fire, and thunder. These spirits/gods controlled all aspects of existence, and they had to be constantly satisfied.
Druids were priests that acted as intermediaries between the gods and the people.
An array of huge stones located on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire. Might have been used by Druids for religious rites having to do with the lunar and solar cycles.
Sir Thomas Malory – Story based on Celtic legends about a warrior named Arthur mixed with chivalric legends know throughout Europe.
Wanted to make the Irish aware of their lost heroic past
Full of strong women
Full of fantastic animals
Passionate love affairs
Adventure in enchanted lands
Magic and imagination
It took aprox. 100 years to conquer the
They built a network of roads, a defensive
wall, villas, and great public baths.
For more than four hundred years
The Romans left no centralized
government, thus leaving Britain
susceptible to invaders
King Alfred the Great
Irish and Continential missionaries began to convert Anglo-Saxon kings to Christianity
Christianity provided a common faith and common system of morality; it also linked England to Europe
The Normans (from France)
William the Conqueror (Duke of
Fame, success, and even survival depended on loyalty to leader.
Loyalty grew out of the need to protect the clan and home against enemies, encouraged a sense of community and rule by consensus
> More concerned with ethics than mysticism and valued the earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship
2.) Place to hold council meetings
3.) Space for storytellers and their audience
Bards are skilled storytellers that sing about gods and heros. Anglo-Saxons called bards “scops.”
The bard’s ability to write and recite poetry/stories was considered just as important of a skill as fighting. They often played the harp as they sang.
Anglo-Saxon’s religion was fatalistic in nature – they did not believe in the afterlife. Poetry preserved glory/fame in the collective memory after a hero died.