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The Anglo – Saxons 449-1066 A.D. “Anglo-Saxon England was born of warfare, remained forever a military society; and came to its end in battle.” -J.R. Lander.

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The anglo saxons 449 1066 a d l.jpg

The Anglo – Saxons449-1066 A.D

“Anglo-Saxon England was born of warfare, remained forever a military society; and came to its end in battle.”

-J.R. Lander


Slide2 l.jpg

What kind of government did the British create? How did this government influence the cultural heritage of the United States?

Political system – “for the people and by the people,” emphasis on personal rights and freedoms

The British not only influenced the development and ideals of the United Stated government, but it also had influence over our language and literature as well.


Who was great britain invaded by l.jpg

Who was Great Britain invaded by? government influence the cultural heritage of the United States?

Iberians, Celts, Romans, Angles and Saxons, Vikings and Normans.


Celtic religion animism l.jpg

Celtic religion: Animism government influence the cultural heritage of the United States?

From the Latin word “spirit.” Celts saw spirits everywhere – in rivers, trees, stones, ponds, fire, and thunder. These spirits/gods controlled all aspects of existence, and they had to be constantly satisfied.


Who what were the druids what was their function l.jpg

Who/What were the Druids? What was their function? government influence the cultural heritage of the United States?

Druids were priests that acted as intermediaries between the gods and the people.


What is stonehenge where is it for what do some think it was used l.jpg

What is Stonehenge? Where is it? For what do some think it was used?

An array of huge stones located on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire. Might have been used by Druids for religious rites having to do with the lunar and solar cycles.


Who wrote la morte d arthur where did he get his material for the book l.jpg

Who wrote La Morte D’Arthur? Where did he get his material for the book?

Sir Thomas Malory – Story based on Celtic legends about a warrior named Arthur mixed with chivalric legends know throughout Europe.


Why did william butler yeats use celtic myths in his poetry and plays l.jpg

Why did William Butler Yeats use Celtic myths in his poetry and plays?

Wanted to make the Irish aware of their lost heroic past


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In what ways are Celtic legends different from Anglo-Saxon stories?

Full of strong women

Full of fantastic animals

Passionate love affairs

Adventure in enchanted lands

Magic and imagination


How long did it take the romans to conquer the britons what did the romans build l.jpg

How long did it take the Romans to conquer the Britons? What did the Romans build?

It took aprox. 100 years to conquer the

Britons

They built a network of roads, a defensive

wall, villas, and great public baths.


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How long did the Romans stay in Britain? When the Romans left, what did Britain have to worry about? Why?

For more than four hundred years

The Romans left no centralized

government, thus leaving Britain

susceptible to invaders


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Which heroic leader led an army against invading Danes? left, what did Britain have to worry about? Why?

King Alfred the Great


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Who brought Christianity to England? How did Christianity benefit the country?

Irish and Continential missionaries began to convert Anglo-Saxon kings to Christianity

Christianity provided a common faith and common system of morality; it also linked England to Europe


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What group conquered England in 1066? Who was their leader? benefit the country?

The Normans (from France)

William the Conqueror (Duke of

Normandy)



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What could Anglo-Saxons gain only through loyalty to their leader? Why was loyalty extremely important?

Fame, success, and even survival depended on loyalty to leader.

Loyalty grew out of the need to protect the clan and home against enemies, encouraged a sense of community and rule by consensus


With what was the religion of the anglo saxons most concerned with with what virtues l.jpg

With what was the religion of the Anglo-Saxons most concerned with? With what virtues?

> More concerned with ethics than mysticism and valued the earthly virtues of bravery, loyalty, generosity, and friendship


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Three purposes of the Anglo-Saxon communal halls: concerned with? With what virtues?

1.) Shelter

2.) Place to hold council meetings

3.) Space for storytellers and their audience


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What was a bard? Another name for a bard? concerned with? With what virtues?

Bards are skilled storytellers that sing about gods and heros. Anglo-Saxons called bards “scops.”


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How important were the bards to Anglo-Saxons? What instrument did they play?

The bard’s ability to write and recite poetry/stories was considered just as important of a skill as fighting. They often played the harp as they sang.


Why were fame and its reverberation in poetry so important to the anglo saxons l.jpg

Why were fame and its reverberation in poetry so important to the Anglo-Saxons?

Anglo-Saxon’s religion was fatalistic in nature – they did not believe in the afterlife. Poetry preserved glory/fame in the collective memory after a hero died.


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