The Anglo-Saxon period. When? 449- 1066 AD Where? Northern Europe and the British Islands Who? Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) migrated , fought, and mixed to create the Anglo-Saxon people and culture. The Anglo-Saxon way of life
Where?Northern Europe and the British Islands
Who?Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) migrated, fought, and mixed to create the Anglo-Saxon people and culture.
Anglo-Saxons lived in rural communities led by a king. The king had a team of loyal knights, called thanes.
The ASs performed various jobs, such as farming, pottery, and blacksmithing.
Those loyal to the king would gather in the mead hall, the heart of the kingdom.
There they would eat, drink, sing, listen to stories, and stay warm.
mead hall in Beowulf is called Heorot
“Work hard, play hard”
>personal glory& treasure“ain’t no shame in the boasting game.”
>strong belief in fate, or wyrd
>interdependence(bro to bro)
>men are superior to women
Both Pagan & Christian references in “Beowulf”
The Germanic tribes = pagan (believed in many gods; valued forces of nature,fate, and the ideal hero).
Over time, Christian missionaries converted the ASs to Christianity (Jesus Christ = God & Savior; teachings of the Bible).
A long narrative poem that celebrates a hero's deeds
Narrative = tells a story
by poets called scops
before anybody ever wrote them down
Scops improvised their verses, but got their ideas from existing legends and songs
***Improv poetry, rap battles
Repetition of lines, words, phrases
Kenning: a descriptive phrase or compound word that substitutes for a noun
Example: 2 kennings for Grendel are “the Almighty’s enemy” and “sin-stained demon”
Repetition of the same sound, usually a
consonant, at the beginning of words
The son of his sire
Marked as a murderer
The glorious gift God had allowed him
Hero is a male of noble birth
His traits reflect important ideals of his society
Performs courageous, superhuman tasks
His actions determine the fate of his nation