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teaching the higher stages 10 15
Teaching the Higher Stages10-15

Welcome to the latest online professional development initiative developed by the Swim & Survive team at Royal Life Saving WA.Often new teachers are a little uncertain when it comes to teaching the higher stages (levels 10 to 15). The aim of this online PD package is to allow teachers, coordinators and managers to develop their skills in a self-paced, friendly environment.

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Contents

The higher stages PD package will cover the following areas:- assessable components / must sees- breakdown of skills- certification- teaching tips

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The Assessable Components

Since May 2006 there have been some significant changes to resuscitation which has affected most of the higher stages.In addition, levels 10-16 contain many rescue and survival activities not commonly covered in lower levels.Each level from 10-16 covers skills in 5 main categories; entries & exits, sculling & body orientation, movement / swimming strokes, survival & PFD skills, and rescue skills.

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Level 10

The requirements of level 10 are as follows:

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Level 10 Explanation

Level 10 is the first of the ‘Rescue Awards’ offered by Royal Life Saving. Also known as Junior Swim & Survive, Level 10 links the skills of swimming, diving and treading water.Royal Life Saving has identified that candidates having successfully mastered all the skills of Level 10 should be of sufficient ability to be able to try open water activities such as surfing.

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Level 11

The requirements of level 11 are as follows:

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Level 11 Explanation

Level 11 is the second of the ‘Rescue Awards’ offered by Royal Life Saving. Also known as Swim & Survive, Level 11 includes the use of a personal flotation device while extending swimming and survival abilities.Royal Life Saving has identified that candidates having successfully mastered all the skills of Level 11 should be of sufficient ability to be able to try water activities and sports such as canoeing.

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Level 12

The requirements of level 12 are as follows:

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Level 12 Explanation

Level 12 is the third of the ‘Rescue Awards’ offered by Royal Life Saving. Also known as Senior Swim & Survive, Level 12 includes what to do when escaping from a capsized boat while extending swimming and survival abilities.Royal Life Saving has identified that candidates having successfully mastered all the skills of Level 12 should be of sufficient ability to be able to try water activities and sports such as sailing.

level 13
Level 13

The requirements of level 13 are as follows:

THEORY: Safe water practices, how to survive in the water, self-preservation in rescues, recognising and emergency, DRABCD.

RESUSCITATION AWARENESS Demonstrate: checking for dangers, the assessment for unconsciousness, clearing and opening the airway, checking for the signs of life, positioning the casualty for rescue breathing, mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing and, chest compression.

WATER TEST

Reach: A person in difficulty 2 metres from safety. Demonstrate a reach rescue using an aid specified by the assessor. Secure the person at a point of safety.

Throw – unweighted rope: A weak swimmer is in difficulty 8 metres from safety. Perform a throwing rescue using an un weighted rope. Return the person to safety

Wade-buoyant aid: A person is in difficulty 10 metres from safety. Using a buoyant aid selected by the assessor, Slide in, wade 5 metres, throw the aid to the person, instruct the person on how to use the aid, accompany the person to safety.

Wade- rigid aid: A person is in difficulty 8 metres from safety. Using a rigid aid selected by the assessor, enter the water as for unknown conditions, wade and offer the aid to the person, pull the person to a safe position, instruct the person on how to leave the water.

Initiative: Demonstrate initiative in effecting a rescue of a person who is no more than 8 metres from safety. The assessor will specify, whether the person is injured or a weak swimmer, four rescue aids and , the distance the person is from safety. On completion of this test, the candidate may be asked to explain the reasons for the actions being taken.

Swim: Swim continuously for 5 minutes covering at least 100 metres.

Tread water: Tread water with the use of arms for 1 minute.

Surface dive: In a single dive, collect two of six objects placed in a 2 metre by 2 metre area in water 1.2 metres deep.

level 13 explanation
Level13 Explanation

Level 13 is second of the rescue strand awards offered by Royal Lifesaving. The aim of this award is to introduce skills and knowledge of safe water rescue and survival.This award is a Primary School Level award.Also known as Wade Rescue, Level 13 includes how to rescue a person close to safety. This award also is an introduction to resuscitation.This award is not intended to train or qualify you to perform a swimming rescue.

level 14
Level 14

The requirements of level 14 are as follows:

THEORY: Safe water practices, how to survive in the water, self- preservation in rescues, recognising an emergency, assessment before a rescue, priorities for rescue and DRABCD.

RESUSCITATION AWARENESS Demonstrate: Checking for Dangers, the assessment for unconsciousness, clearing and opening the airway, checking for signs of life, positioning of the casualty for CPR, mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing, mouth- to- nose rescue breathing, chest compression, the appropriate action for a casualty who vomits or regurgitates and, the recovery position.

GETTING HELP: Demonstrate and explain procedures for getting help and contacting emergency services in the local area.

WATER TEST

Throw – buoyant aid: A person is in difficulty 6 metres from safety. Demonstrate a throwing rescue using a buoyant aid selected by the assessor

Throw – weighted rope: A weak swimmer is in difficulty 10 metres from safety. Perform a throwing rescue using a weighted rope. Secure the person at a safety point.

Wade & Resuscitation: An Unconscious and non- breathing person (non-spinal) is in water of waist depth 5 – 8 metres from safety. Slide in, wade as for unknown conditions, turn the person over, check for signs of life and, simulate rescue breathing while wading to safety.

Wade Rescue: A person is in difficulty 8 metres form safety. Using rigid aid selected by the assessor, enter the water and wade as for unknown conditions.

DEFENSIVE TECHNIQUES Demonstrate: A defensive position, a reverse action.

Accompanied Rescue: A person is in difficulty 15 metres from safety. With a floatation aid: Enter the water maintaining visual contact with the person, wade and/ or swim and, keeping a safe distance, pass the aid to the person, accompany the person to safety and, instruct the person on how to leave the water.

level 14 cont d
Level 14cont’d

Underwater Search: Demonstrate an individual search pattern in the shallow water.

Surface Dive: In a single surface dive, recover three of six objects placed in a 2 metre by 2 metre area in water 1.5 metres deep.

INITIATIVE: Demonstrate initiative in effecting a rescue of a person who is not more than 10 metres from safety. The assessor will specify, whether the person is injured (non- spinal), unconscious or a weak swimmer. Specify the distance the person is from safety, and ensure that four rescue aids (buoyant or non – buoyant) are available. On completion of this test, the candidate may be asked to explain the reasons for the actions taken.

SWIM: Dressed in Swimwear, shorts and T-shirt, float and tread water for a total of 1 minute, waving intermittently as if signalling for help. Swim 200 metres using any recognised stroke's).

level 14 explanation
Level 14 Explanation
  • Level 14 is the third of the Rescue Strand Awards offered by Royal Lifesaving. The aim of this award is to develop skills and knowledge of safe water rescue and survival.
  • This stage is an Upper Primary or Junior High school award.
  • Also known as Accompanied Rescue, level 14 includes how to rescue a person in difficulty while accompanying them to safety. This award also introduces resuscitation techniques while in the water.
  • Holders of this award are not trained or qualified to attempt any form of contact rescue in deep water.
level 13 14 tips
Level 13 & 14 Tips
  • Theory: When issuing the theory exam for levels 13 & 14, make sure you have covered all requirements beforehand. Ideas for theory work can be obtained through The Royal Lifesaving Swimming & Lifesaving Manual.
  • Resuscitation Awareness: When teaching resuscitation techniques make sure the correct timing and rates are being used. To obtained these check The Royal Lifesaving Swimming & Lifesaving Manual. This also has diagrams on the body positions a patient must be placed in when on land and when administering mouth to nose CPR.
  • Water Test :For all information on various rescue techniques please refer to the Swimming & Lifesaving Manual
  • Defensive Techniques: For all information on various defensive techniques please refer to the Swimming & Lifesaving Manual
  • Initiative: For various initiative examples please refer to the Swimming & Lifesaving Manual
  • Swim: For the swim to be complete it must be performed in 5 minutes or less and with a maximum of 200m for level 14 and 100 metres for level 13. Any recognised stroke can be used.
bronze awards
Bronze Awards
  • Level 15 and 16 are the higher awards offered by the Royal Lifesaving Society.
  • This includes the Bronze Star and the Bronze Medallion.
  • These awards are for Secondary School Students.
  • The currency period for these awards is 12 months. It is important to note that an award is only an indication of the competence of a person at the time of attainment of the award. Regular training is required to ensure that an adequate standard is maintained.
level 15
Level 15
  • THEORY Answer Questions on: Safe water practices, how to survive in the water, self preservation in rescues, recognising an emergency, assessment before and during a rescue, priorities for rescue , treatment for shock and elementary after- care including getting help and contacting emergency services in the local area and DRABCD.
  • RESUSCITATION AWARENESS Demonstrate: checking for dangers, the assessment for unconsciousness, opening and clearing the airway, checking for the signs of life, positioning of the casualty for CPR, mouth- to – mouth rescue breathing, mouth- to- nose rescue breathing, chest compression, the appropriate action for a casualty who vomits or regurgitates, the appropriate action if an airway blockage is apparent and, the recovery position.
  • WATER TEST:
  • Throw PFD; A person is in difficulty 10 metres from safety, perform a throwing rescue using an unweighted rope. Secure the person at a point of safety.
  • Rescue and Resuscitation: An unconscious and non- breathing person is floating face down in deep water, enter the water and swim to the person, turn the person over and tow 10 metres to shallow water. Call for assistance and, commence rescue breathing while wading to safety.
  • Accompanied Rescue: A person is in difficulty 15 metres from safety. With a floatation aid: Enter the water as for unknown conditions, wade and swim to the person, pass the aid to the person, instruct in the use of the aid, accompany the person to safety and secure the person at a point of safety.
  • Defensive techniques demonstrate the following: defensive position, a reverse, a leg block.
  • Tow: A weak swimmer is in difficulty in deep water 20 metres from safety. With a non rigid towing aid selected by the assessor, enter deep water using a stride entry or a compact jump, swim to the person and adopt a defensive position, offer the aid to the person and tow to safety, assist the person out of the water using a stirrup lift
level 15 cont d
Level 15 cont’d
  • Surface Dive: Demonstrate a head first and feet first surface dive in deep water. On each occasion collect an object from the bottom.
  • Underwater search: Demonstrate a search pattern in deep water
  • INITIATIVE: Demonstrate initiative in effecting a rescue of a person who is no more than 15 metres from safety. The assessor will: Specify whether the person is injured, unconscious or a weak swimmer, specify the distance the person is from safety, and ensure that three to five rescue aids are available. On completion of this test, the candidate may be asked to explain the reasons for the actions taken.
  • SURVIVAL SKILLS: Dressed in swimwear, trousers and long sleeved shirt, float using a hand sculling movement for 1 minute and then tread water for 1 minute waving intermittently as if signalling for help. Put on a PFD in deep water and swim 50 metres, demonstrate the HELP position and climb out of the water.
  • SWIM: Dressed in swimwear, swim continuously 300 metres, 100 metres freestyle, 100 metres Sidestroke, 100 metres on the front. The swimming strokes must be tested using an underwater arm recovery and any effective leg action is permissible. The target time for the swim is 10 minutes.
level 15 explanation
Level 15 Explanation
  • Level 15 is the first of the Bronze strand awards and is known as the “Bronze Star award”. This award covers more advanced swimming and rescue techniques as well as Resuscitation.
  • There is no prerequisite for the Bronze Star, however it is recommended the student has previous swimming and lifesaving skills.
  • Holders of this award are not trained or qualified to attempt any form of contact rescue involving conscious persons in deep water.
level 16
Level 16
  • THEORY: Answer the questions requiring an understanding of ,safe water practices, survival in the water, self – preservation, recognising an emergency, assessment before and during a rescue, priorities for rescue, acceptance of responsibility, use of bystanders, emergency care and, emergency services available.
  • RESUSCITATION: Complete the test for resuscitation award.
  • WATER TEST
  • Reach: A non-swimmer is in difficulty 2 metres from safety. Demonstrate a reach rescue using an aid specified by the assessor. Secure the person at a point of safety
  • Throw – Unweighted Rope: A person is in difficulty 10 metres from safety. Perform a throwing rescue using an unweighted rope. Secure the person at a point of safety. A time limit of 30 seconds will apply from the start until the person grasps the rope.
  • Timed Throw: An unconscious, breathing person is 50 metres from safety. Enter the water, swim a 50 metre approach and tow the person 50 metres to safety. The candidate will commence the rescue wearing swimwear, trousers and long sleeved shirt, any of which may be discarded as desired. The time for this test should not exceed 3 minutes and 15 seconds from the starting signal until the completion of the tow.
  • Swim: Dressed in swimwear, swim continuously 400 metres. 100 metres freestyle, 100 metres on the back, 100 metres on the side and, 100 metres on the front. All swimming strokes must be tested using underwater arm recovery and any effective leg action is permissible. The total time for the swim should not exceed 13 minutes.
  • Survival Skills: Dressed in swimwear, trousers and long sleeved shirt: float using hand sculling movement for 1 minute and then tread water for 1 minute. Don a PFD and swim 50 metres, demonstrate the HELP position, and climb out wearing the PFD.
level 16 cont d
Level 16 cont’d
  • Accompanied Rescue: A weak swimmer is in difficulty 12 metres from safety, with a floatation aid, enter the water as for unknown conditions. Wade 5 – 8 metres, swim 50 metres, demonstrate the HELP position and, climb out wearing the PFD.
  • Tow: A non-swimmer is in difficulty in deep water 25 metres from safety. Swim to the person, demonstrating appropriate precautions, while returning to safety using an appropriate contact tow, demonstrate a method of coping with a struggling person. Land the person using a suitable method. The assessor will decide what aids are available.
  • Spinal Injury: Apply the vice grip for the immobilisation of a spinal injury to the neck and then wade with the casualty for 5 metres. Summon assistance.
  • Defensive and Escape Techniques: Dressed in swimwear, trousers and long sleeved shirt, perform in deep water two of the following selected by the assessor: A leg block, a block using an aid, a reverse, an escape from a grasp from the front, an escape from a grasp from the rear.
  • Search and Rescue: Demonstrate a search pattern in approximately 2 metres of water, submerging head first or feet first as specified by the examiner. Recover an object from the bottom. Substitute the object for a person simulating unconsciousness and tow 10 metres to shallow water or to safety. Assess respiratory failure and demonstrate EAT for 1 minute. Assume that recovery has occurred, land the person and then place in the lateral position.
  • Initiative: Demonstrate initiative in effecting a rescue of two people who are in difficulty up to 15 metres away from safety and whose conditions are un revealed. The examiner will ensure that up to five rescue aids will be available. The Examiner will brief the subjects on the roles to be simulated from the following: Non-swimmer, weak swimmer, injured swimmer, person with a suspected spinal injury in shallow water, unconscious person. On completion of this test, the candidate will explain the reasons for the actions taken.
swimming strokes teaching tips
Swimming Strokes Teaching Tips

Freestyle: Streamlined body position, face in water. Kick originating from hips with legs together and ankles relaxed. Correct arm entry, catch, pull, push and recovery with high elbows. Break each step down into drill progression.

  • Walking with the board arms out straight. Kicking with the board arms out straight. Torpedo with a board, face in. Torpedo without a board, face down squeeze ears.
  • Breathing with the board, walking, breathing arm by side, bubble arm on the board, keep ear flat on the water when turning head to breath. Then introduce the kick.
  • Freestyle arms with a board, walking. High elbow, Correct arm entry, catch, pull, push. Repeat with strong kick from the hips. Take board away and repeat.

Backstroke: Head held in a stationary position. Strong, deep, even kicking. Elbows bend at 90 degrees. Final push through to recovery. Rotation on horizontal axis Torso held high in water. Fully stretched, streamlined body position.

  • Kicking on the back, hugging the board, looking at the roof.
  • Kicking on the back, arms extended on the board, looking at the roof.
  • Introduce arms, “little finger in, little finger out, chop the ear off”, with a board, strong fast kick.
  • Remove board

Breaststroke: Streamlined body position, full glide at the end of each stroke. Feet turned out. Full flexion of knees. Pull commencing 15cm below water surface. Correct elbow position.

Survival Backstroke: Streamlined horizontal position. Head back, ears under. Regular breathing. Correct hand action

level 16 explanation
Level 16 Explanation
  • Level 16 is the second of the Bronze strand awards and is known as the “Bronze Medallion”. This award covers advanced swimming and rescue techniques as well as a sound knowledge of Resuscitation and CPR.
  • The prerequisite for the Bronze Medallion is that the student is 14 years of age or participating in the year in which they turn 14. It is an advantage for the student if they hold the senior swim and survive and Bronze Star awards.
  • Holders of this award are recognised as having a minimum standard as a qualified lifesaver.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • The Swim & Survive team at Royal Life Saving WA hope that the online PD package allows teachers, coordinators and managers to develop their skills in a self-paced, friendly environment.
  • The program has been put together in an comprehensive teaching format that will enable Swimming Teachers, Coordinators and Managers to be more confident when teaching higher stage awards.
  • If you have any questions regarding the program, please don’t hesitate to contact the Swim & Survive team at Royal Life Saving WA on (08)93838200