super s life span life space approach to careers l.
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Super’s Life Span, Life Space Approach to Careers. Overview. Developmental theory with 2 major tenets: 1. Career development is a life long process 2. Self concept influences human behavior Personal self concept Social self concept 1953 10 propositions of career development

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overview
Overview
  • Developmental theory with 2 major tenets:
    • 1. Career development is a life long process
    • 2. Self concept influences human behavior
      • Personal self concept
      • Social self concept
  • 1953 10 propositions of career development
  • 1990 14 propositions of career development
14 propositions
14 Propositions
  • 1. Individual differences exist
  • 2. We fit certain occupations
  • 3. Each occupations calls for a specific personality type
  • 4. Our vocational preferences change
  • 5. The process of change is divided into stages
  • 6. Career patterns are influenced by external factors
  • 7. Readiness to deal with the demands of an occupation influence the types of job we will occupy
14 propositions4
14 Propositions
  • 8. Career maturity is a psychosocial construct
  • 9. Development is guided by many factors
  • 10. Career development is the implementation of occupational self concepts
  • 11. We experiment with occupations to find one that fits
  • 12. Work satisfaction is dependent on numerous variables
  • 13. The greater the implemental in self concepts the greater job satisfaction
  • 14.Work provides a place for personality expression
developmental stages
Developmental Stages
  • Growth (birth to age 14 or 15)
    • 4 major developmental tasks
  • Exploration (ages 15-24)
    • 3 major developmental tasks
  • Establishment (ages 25-44)
    • 3 major developmental tasks
  • Maintenance (ages 45-64)
    • 3 major developmental tasks
  • Decline (age 65+)
    • 3 major developmental tasks
developmental stages6
Developmental Stages
  • Caveat
    • Progression through stages is flexible
    • The stags are not linear
    • Some people have to complete 1 or 2 stages multiple times before moving on
  • Life Rainbow (page 42)
  • Archway Model (page 43)
super s theory
Super’s Theory
  • Empirical Evaluations
    • Difficult to establish empirical support due to the broad nature of the theory
    • Osipow and Fitzgerald (1996) and Hackett, Lent, and Greenhaus (1991) support Super’s theory in general
super s counseling strategy
Super’s Counseling Strategy
  • 1. Assessment in 4 phases
    • A. life structure and work salience
    • B. career development status and resources
    • C. vocational identity
    • D. occupational self concepts and life themes
  • 2. Data integration and narrative interpretation
  • 3. Counseling goals
  • 4. Procedures
  • 5. Processes
healy s 1982 counseling strategy
Healy’s (1982) Counseling Strategy
  • Stage 1: establish client individuality
  • Stage 2: identifying and selecting strategies
  • Stage 3: teaching and aiding implementation
  • Stage 4: verifying goal achievement