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Strengthening STEM Education Through New Models of Collaboration May 30, 2008 Christopher Roe Business-Higher Education Forum Business-Higher Education Forum Who we are: Fortune 500 CEOs/senior executives, college and university presidents, and foundation leaders What we do:

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slide1

Strengthening STEM Education Through New Models of Collaboration

May 30, 2008

Christopher Roe

Business-Higher Education Forum

business higher education forum
Business-Higher Education Forum

Who we are:

Fortune 500 CEOs/senior executives, college and university presidents, and foundation leaders

What we do:

Work to strengthen education to enhance U.S. competitiveness

current initiatives
Current Initiatives
  • STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Initiative

Co-Chairs: Warren Baker, President, Cal Poly-San Luis Obispo

William Swanson, CEO, Raytheon

  • The College Readiness Initiative (CRI): An Agenda for Educational Success

Co-Chairs: Herbert Allison, CEO, TIAA-CREF

David Skorton, President, Cornell

bhef s theory of action
BHEF’s Theory of Action
  • Changing public attitudes must be a priority
  • Viewing issues in the context of state and local education pipelines is key
  • Policy and programmatic solutions must be strategically and systemically aligned across P-12 and higher education
  • Improvement will be driven by development of shared vision, mutual understanding and accountability among all stakeholders
the college readiness initiative cri
The College Readiness Initiative (CRI)

The CRI employs five interrelated components:

  • Engagement of corporate CEOs
  • Convenings to build and share knowledge about these issues in a philanthropy community of practice
  • A Web-based Resource Center
  • Advocacy and action on the ground
  • A public awareness campaign
bhef s stem science technology engineering and mathematics initiative
BHEF’s STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Initiative
  • Calls for doubling the number of U.S. students earning STEM degrees by 2015
  • Six Priorities:
    • Raise student achievement and interest in STEM careers
    • Attract more students women and minorities into STEM
    • Align/strengthen linkages across P-16 educational system
    • Improve the recruitment, retention and renewal of K-12 mathematics and science teachers
    • Advance federal and state STEM policies that allow U.S. to compete globally
    • Stimulate a national dialogue while encouraging local, grass-roots initiatives and action
the stem education modeling project
The STEM Education Modeling Project
  • Background
    • Launched by Bill Swanson, Raytheon, and Co-Chair of BHEF STEM Initiative
  • Goal
    • Assist policymakers, educators, and researchers in understanding the complex nature of the U.S. education system
    • Help identify potential solutions that could help strengthen U.S. STEM outcomes
  • Approach
    • Create a dynamic systems engineering-based model of the P-16 STEM education system and beyond
    • Develop a community of researchers/model users to test and validate the model
    • After further development, transition the model to open source use
simplified representation of the student flow model

STEM

Teaching

Select

Career

Teaching

Career

Secondary

Retire

College

Elementary

STEM

STEM

STEM

STEM

Industry

Interested

Interested

Interested

Industry

Career

Retire

Gain or Lose

Gain or Lose

Gain or Lose

non-STEM

STEM Interest

STEM Interest

STEM Interest

Career

Retire

College

Elementary

Secondary

STEM

STEM

STEM

Un-Interested

Un-Interested

Un-Interested

Many factors

affect the flow

Simplified Representation of the Student Flow Model
  • Based on System Dynamics methods created by J. Forrester

Model helps us think about what happens when factors change

comparison of student populations

Student

Population

29%

(of 3.6M)

Math

Proficient

Students

17%

(of 3.6M)

Math

Proficient

23%

(of enrolled)

Declare

STEM

Interested

6%

(of 3.6M)

get

Degree

in STEM

Source Population data: U.S. National Center for Education Statistics, Digest Education Statistics, 2002.

Source Proficiency data: Digest of Education Statistics 2005, Tables 121 and 122 for 4 and 8th grades.

Comparison of Student Populations

Relatively small numbers of students make it through the system and obtain a STEM bachelor’s degree

initial areas of model development
Initial Areas of Model Development
  • Effects of Teacher Salary
  • Impact of Class Size Changes
  • Different STEM Student Populations
    • Men and Women
    • Advantaged and Disadvantaged
  • STEM Persistence in College
  • Development of State Versions of the Model
overview of the model
Overview of the Model

Not STEM

Interested

College

STEM

Teachers

Born

Retire

Time

STEM

Interested

STEM

Industry

influence diagram illustrating the dynamic hypothesis
Influence Diagram Illustrating the Dynamic Hypothesis
  • Positive Feedback Loops provide the means for dramatic changes
stem college attrition
STEM College Attrition
  • 40% of STEM interested students are lost between high school and college (Seymour and Hewitt, 1997)
  • 35% of STEM interested students are lost after the first year (Seymour andHewitt, 1997)
social support networks and academic performance
Social Support Networks and Academic Performance
  • Background
    • Research has shown that Centralized Social Networks are strongly correlated with higher GPAs in learning communities*
  • Hypothesis
    • “Centralized” Social Networks form slowly in STEM university communities due to living arrangements, teaching style, and lack of classroom interaction
  • Solutions Tested: Bridge and Cohort Programs
    • Improve network centralization and reduce development time
    • Provide students the resources required for success
    • Have relatively low cost of implementation

*The Social Networks of College Students in Learning Communities

Gale Stuart, UCLA Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, 2007

social dynamics of cohort and bridge programs
Social Dynamics of Cohort and Bridge Programs

Cohort Program

  • Student social and academic support structure improves GPA
  • Enhances student academic and career planning and preparedness through mentoring, tutoring, and seminar programs
  • Higher student quality will encourage more universities to implement Cohort Programs

Summer Bridge Program

  • Reduces STEM attrition in college-bound STEM interested high school graduates
  • Improves academic preparation prior to the start of freshman year
  • Begins building the social and academic student support structure earlier and faster
  • Lower attrition attracts more STEM applicants thus encouraging more universities to implement Bridge Programs
simulation results

105% Improvement

60% Improvement

Simulation Results

Scenario 1 assumes instantaneous implementation of all solutions at 100% effectiveness

Scenario 2 assumes a multi-year ramped implementation

potential outcomes of modeling activity
Potential Outcomes of Modeling Activity
  • Provides a rational, organized and comprehensive approach to viewing and understanding the complex, multi-level nature of the U.S. and STEM education pipeline
  • Coalesces a unique community around a common and integrated platform for research, analysis, dialogue and action
  • Spurs the aggregation/integration of existing research and data
  • Identifies major gaps in existing research/informs the development of a coherent research agenda
  • Provides a robust tool to simulate and assess the impact of STEM-policy and programmatic interventions through time
  • Provides useful information that can be helpful in prioritizing among STEM-education interventions for implementation
vision for the future
Vision for the Future
  • A virtual community of experts, researchers, policy makers and educators organized using the principles of systems engineering around a common model that provides a means of comparing and assessing ideas to find the best practices and most effective means of improving student competencies and national competitiveness.
major challenges
Major Challenges
  • Funding and capacity building
  • Developing/creating a model user community
    • Creating a “cultural shift” in practice among researchers and policy makers to open collaboration and open source use
    • Will require training and new ways of discovery and sharing information
building a stem modeling community
Building a STEM Modeling Community

The STEM Modeling Network (SMN)

  • Model Developers
    • Educational researchers and practitioners across K-12 and higher ed, data organizations
      • multi-disciplinary/inter-disciplinary teams (e.g., economists, sociologists, anthropologists, behavorial psychologists, etc.)
    • System dynamics modeling experts
  • Model Users
    • Researchers
    • Policy makers (state and federal legislatures, governors, etc.)
    • State education offices, higher ed coordinating boards, school districts
    • Federal agencies (Dept. of Education, NSF, DOE, DOD, etc.)
next steps in advancing the stem modeling activity
Next Steps in Advancing the STEM Modeling Activity
  • Build capacity to launch, coordinate and sustain activities
    • Implement a process for coordinated and integrated research and modeling
    • Develop the STEM Modeling Network and train the potential user community
  • Validate and refine existing prototype model
  • Develop modeling research agenda
  • Further model development and link to other similar emerging modeling efforts
  • Transition the model to open source use
open source process flow

1 Community downloads official versions of model files from web site

2 Developers make improvements

and submit change requests to Administrator

3 Community and CCB evaluate and comment on change requests

4 Change Control Board approves or rejects change requests

5 Administrator commits approved change to official version history

A Model bugs are discovered, reported, and commented upon

B Community uses Forums for interactive discussion

C Reference material is stored in document library

Open Source Process Flow

Model User/Developer Community

1

2

B

A

C

3

Model Files

Baseline / History

Bug Report

Description

Comments

Forums

Documentation

Library

Change Request

Description

Validation

Comments

GForge

3

5

4

Change Control Board

Administrator

slide23

Strengthening STEM Education Through New Models of Collaboration

Christopher Roe

Business-Higher Education Forum

chris.roe@bhef.com