Review for Test One What to expect Test skills (for multiple choice exams) Examples
On this test, there will be: • Definition questions • Example: Empiricism is defined as ________. • Recognition questions • The scientific method involves everything EXCEPT: • All of the descriptive research techniques incorporate: • Application questions • Dr. Anthony uses insight and analysis of the past as a key feature in his therapy. He is what type of psychologist?
Memorization: for recognition Application Two Test Skills
Some tips • Try covering up the answers! • It is okay to change your answer. • Just not on impulse • Use process of elimination. • Mark up your test. • Skip questions that are hard and go back. • Take time to READ the questions. • Don’t get tripped up by questions like: Psychoanalysis Involves everything EXCEPT:
EXAMPLES: APPLICATION Research Methods: I.V. and D.V. 1) Dr. Kelley is interested in learning which of three note-taking strategies (use of tape recorder, use of regular written notes, or use of note cards) is most effective in helping his students raise their test grades. In this example, the I.V. is _________________________. a) Note-taking strategies b) Use of the tape recorder c) Use of regular written notes d) Test grades e) The subject material
I.V. and D.V 2) Shelley wants to get a great tan, so she will conduct an experiment to see which of 4 different tanning oils works the best for getting a dark tan. So, she sets up an experiment using 4 friends (with equal complexions) who agree to try the different oils for 1 hour on the same sunny day at the same time. The I.V. is __________________: a)The time of day b)The tanning oils c)The 4 friends d)The darkness of the tan e) Complexion
I.V. and D.V. 3) Emeril wants to test if changing his rib sauce would increase sales. So, he tries adding 4 different types of spices to different batches of his sauce then markets the sauces under different names. The dependent variable is: a) The rib sauce b) The spices c) The different names d) Sales e) Emeril
I.V. and D.V. • Kahlil is studying how different forms of therapy (cognitive, psychodynamic, humanistic) affect the symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. The I.V. is a)Cognitive therapy b)Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder c) Form of therapy d)The experimental method e) Humanistic therapy
Schools of Thought: • Structuralism • Functionalism • Humanistic • Cognitive-behavioral • Behavioral • Psychodynamic (or psychoanalytic) • The biopsychology • The sociocultural • The evolutionary
Schools of Thought 1) Dr. Goldberg is trying to treat Sarah’s depression. As part of this treatment, he focuses on Sarah’s relationship with her mother, focusing on conflict that Sarah had with her mother while growing up. Dr. Goldberg also focuses on Sarah’s unconscious desire to be depressed so that she can be dependent on her mother. Dr. Goldberg’s theoretical orientation is most likely: a)Biopsychology b)Cognitive-Behavioral c)Humanistic d)Psychodynamic
Schools of Thought 2) Todd is seeking to understand why he is failing at school. He decides that there must be an obstacle blocking his growth and potential. Tom’s perspective is closest to what school of thought? a)Psychodynamic b)Cognitive-Behavioral c)Humanistic d) Biopsychology
Schools of Thought 3) Terry is frustrated with her boyfriend. She thinks that the reason he is failing at school and drinking too much is due to faulty learning, poor choices and habits. Terry’s thinking is closest to what school of thought? a) Psychodynamic b)Cognitive-Behavioral c)Humanistic d)Biopsychology
Correlation 1) Ability to taste and smell are positively correlated. This means that: a)As ability to taste improves, smell improves b)As ability to taste improves, smell stays the same. c)Taste has no affect on smell d)Sense of smell causes sense of taste e) Sense of taste causes sense of smell
Correlation 2) Poor class attendance is negatively correlated with final exam grades. Therefore: a) Going to class has no affect on grades b) Fewer absences are associated with higher grades c) More absences are associated with higher grades d) Absences cause bad grades e) Poor class attendance is negative
Correlation 3) Amount of beer drunk the night before an exam is negatively correlated with the exam grade. Therefore: • Beer causes people to get bad grades • The more beer one drinks, the lower the grade • The less beer one drinks, the lower the grade • Drinking beer is not associated with their grade • Just get wasted f) Both b and c
Now you try: • What is an example of a hypothesis? • What is an example of an operational definition? • What is an example of a question that can be falsified? • What is an example of a case study? A naturalistic observation?