Preparing to Persuade: Reasoning and Logic. Aristotle’s “Proofs”. “ logos ” to describe logical evidence “ ethos ” to describe speaker credibility “ pathos ” to refer to emotion. Types of Reasoning : Inductive Reasoning. Draw specific inferences from broad facts.
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“logos” to describe logical evidence
“ethos” to describe speaker credibility
“pathos” to refer to emotion.
Causal reasoning relies on a cause-
effect relationship. Some causal
relationships are commonly
accepted . . . :
If I exercise regularly, I will lose weight.
. . . while others stir controversy:
Playing violent videogames promotes violence in children.
Analogical reasoning involves the assumption that because
two things contain commonalities or are interrelated, they
share a likeness or a similar result.
In analogical reasoning: