II. Classification of Microorganisms. A. Principles of Classification and Nomenclature B. Eukaryotic Organisms C. Prokaryotic Organisms D. Viruses. II. A. Principles of Classification and Nomenclature. Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum (pl: Phyla) Class Order Family Genus (pl: Genera)
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A. Principles of Classification and Nomenclature
B. Eukaryotic Organisms
C. Prokaryotic Organisms
Genus name + species name italicized or underlined genus name is capitalized and may be abbreviated species name is never abbreviated.
eg: Bacillus subtilisB. subtilis
eg: tubercle bacillus (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
meningococcus (Neiserria meningitidis)
Group A streptococcus (Streptococcus pyogenes)
Have: Complex Internal Membrane System Compartmentalization Membrane-Enclosed Organelles
DNA is enclosed in a membrane-bound nucleus
Includes: Animal & Plant cells Eukaryotic Microorganisms