i pronomi complemento oggetto diretto l.
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I pronomi complemento oggetto diretto. What is a direct object?. a direct object is what receives the action of the verb I buy shoes every week. What do I buy ? shoes, the direct object I read the Alligator every day. What do I read ? the Alligator , the direct object.

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what is a direct object
What is a direct object?
  • a direct object is what receives the action of the verb
  • I buy shoes every week.
    • What do I buy? shoes, the direct object
  • I read the Alligator every day.
    • What do I read? the Alligator, the direct object
what is a direct object pronoun
What is a direct object pronoun?
  • a direct object pronoun REPLACES the direct object in a sentence…
  • I buy shoes every week.
  • I buy them every week.
  • I read the Alligatorevery day.
  • I read it every day.
slide4
In Italian the direct object pronoun must agree in number and gender with the direct object.
  • look on page 157…
  • what pronoun would replace the following nouns?
    • Compro la carne.
    • Cucino il pesce.
    • Invito Erica alla festa.
placement
Placement
  • Direct object pronouns, like all pronouns in Italian, can only go in one of two places…
  • in front of the first conjugated verb

or

  • attached to the infinitive
slide6
I eat the cake.
  • I eat it.
  • Mangio la torta.
  • La mangio.
  • Erica buys strawberries at Publix.
  • Erica buys them at Publix.
  • Erica compra le fragole a Publix.
  • Erica le compra a Publix.
slide7
There are three steps:
    • identify the direct object
    • choose a pronoun (that agrees in number and gender)
    • place the pronoun (either directly before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive)
assieme
Assieme
  • Ripasso, p.158 A
slide9
LO and LAnormally elide with verbs that begin with a vowel
  • LI and LEnever elide
  • lo assagio l’assagio
  • la aiuto  l’aiuto
  • le assagio
  • li aiuto
in gruppi
In gruppi…
  • p. 158, B
slide11
In Italian the following verbs take direct objects even though they don’t in English, p.158
  • cercare
  • ascoltare
  • guardare
  • aspettare
in gruppi12
In gruppi…
  • p. 159, C
  • p. 159, D
  • Assieme:
  • p. 159, E
    • Inventare degli indovinelli come nell’esercizio E
ci p 159
CI, p. 159
  • CI replaces nouns or phrases referring to a place, usually introduced by the prepositions a, in, da, su.
  • CI can also be used with the verbs pensare a and credere a/in.
slide14
Vai a classe oggi?
    • Non ci vado.
  • Puoi andare in centro con Erica?
    • Sì, ci posso andare.
  • Pensi al tuo ragazzo?
    • Ci penso spesso.
  • Credi nella magia?
    • Non ci credo.
slide15
CI can go in one of two places:
  • in front of the first conjugated verb

or

  • attached to the infinitive
assieme16
assieme..
  • p. 160, A
  • p. 161, B
  • p. 161, C
facciamo una festa
Facciamo una festa

Chi fa…? Chi prende…? Chi pulisce…?

la torta la birra il salotto

le patate il vino il bagno

gli spaghetti il pane la cucina

l’insalata i pomodori la sala

la macedonia le melanzane il tavolo

le bruschette il formaggio le sedie

le lasagne le bistecche il pavimento

la pizza le fragole

abbiamo fatto una festa
Abbiamo fatto una festa

Chi ha fatto? Chi ha preso? Chi ha pulito?

la torta la birra il salotto

le patate il vino il bagno

gli spaghetti il pane la cucina

l’insalata i pomodori la sala

la macedonia le melanzane il tavolo

le bruschette il formaggio le sedie

le lasagne le bistecche il pavimento

la pizza le fragole