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ESTONIA The Estonian Republic

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ESTONIA The Estonian Republic

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  1. ESTONIAThe Estonian Republic Compiled by Anne Truupõld Põlva Coeducational Gymnasium

  2. National bird swallow flower – cornflower State Symbolsflag of EstoniaCoat of armsblue for the sky three blue black for the land lions on a white for hope golden shield National anthem currency Est. kroon “My native land, my pride and joy” Words : Joh. Vold. Jansen Music: Friedrich Pacius

  3. The Republic of Estonia * Firstestablished: February 24, 1918 * Re-established :August 20, 1991 * Public order : Parliamentary Democratic Republic * Legislative organ: Parliament ( Riigikogu ), consisting of 101 members from different political parties * Constitution : passed on June 28, 1992

  4. The Heads of the state in the course of time Konstantin PätsTHE FIRSTPRESIDENT OF THE NEWBORN REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 24. 04.1938 – 17. 06.1940 Lennart MeriTHE TWICE ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE REBORN REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 06. 10. 1992 – 08.10. 2001 Arnold RüütelTHE SECOND PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 08. 10. 2001- 09.10. 2006 Toomas Hendrik Ilves THE SITTING PRESIDENT OF ESTONIA 09. 10. 2006

  5. Geographical Location SITUATED ON THE EASTERN SHORES OF THE BALTIC SEA AREA - 45,215 SQ KM BORDERS ON THE GULF OF FINLAND IN THE NORTH, ON RUSSIA IN THE EAST, ON LATVIA IN THE SOUTH, ON THE BALTIC SEA IN THE WEST THE DISTANCE FROM EAST TO WEST IS 350 KM., FROM NORTH TO SOUTH 240 KM

  6. Administrative devision There are 15 counties and 6 towns in Estonia. (The other towns are subordinate to the counties). The counties are devided into communities.

  7. Towns, subordinate tothe republic Tallinn- the capital of Estonia Pärnu- the summer resort and the summer capital Tartu- the old university town Kohtla-Järve the centre of oil-shale mining Narva- the border town with Russia, old textile town and electric energy producer Rakvere – the old fortress town, the business centre for the region

  8. TALLINNthe capital of Estonia * Area: 158 sq. km • Population:399, 850 Famous for: its Old Town with narrow cobbled streets and museum- like looks Song Festival Grounds

  9. VOCABULARY USED IN THIS PART • STATE SYMBOLS BORDER ON ... • COAT OF ARMS THE GULF OF FINLAND • A GOLDEN SHIELD IN THE NORTH, SOUTH, ... • NATIONAL BIRD ESTABLISH • SWALLOW PUBLIC ORDER • CORNFLOWER LEGISLATIVE ORGAN • CURRENCY THE HEAD OF THE STATE • NATIONAL ANTHEM ADMINISTRATIVE DEVISION • GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION COUNTY, COMMUNITY • MY PRIDE AND JOY BE SUBORDINATE TO... • IS SITUATED = LIES, IS OIL-SHALE • ON THE SHORE ELECTRIC ENERGY • THE BALTIC SEA BE FAMOUS FOR • THE OLD TOWN COBBLED STREETS • SONG FESTIVAL GROUNDS MUSEUM-LIKE LOOKS

  10. DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ? • RIIKLIKUD SÜMBOLID PIIRNEMA • RIIGIVAPP SOOME LAHT • KULDNE KILP PÕHJAS, LÕUNAS, ... • RAHVUSLIND RAJAMA, ASUTAMA • PÄÄSUKE RIIGIKORD • RUKKILILL SEADUSANDLIK ORGAN • VALUUTA RIIGIPEA • RIIGIHÜMN HALDUSJAOTUS • GEOGRAAFILINE ASEND MAAKOND, VALD • MU ÕNN JA RÕÕM MILLEGI ALLUVUSES OLEMA • ASETSEB, ASUB PÕLEVKIVI • KALDAL ELEKTRIENERGIA • BALTI MERI, LÄÄNEMERI KUULUS OLEMA • VANALINN MUNAKIVIDEST TÄNAVAD • LAULUVÄLJAK MUUSEUMI-TAOLINE VÄLIMUS

  11. Climate, marine, mild stable, changeable warm, hot, chilly,cold freezing, frosty, snowy dry, droughty, rainy, muddy thunderstorms, lightening blizzards, snowdrifts Digging, ploughing Sowing, harvesting Watering, weeding Landscape: flat, hilly Highland, lowland North-east, south-east Manor houses National parks Nature preserves Cultural inheritance VOCABULARY FOR CLIMATE ,LANDSCAPE AND SIGHTS

  12. CLIMATE The climate is marine and surprisinglymild, but not very stable, i.e. it`s very changeable. There are four seasons in Estonia, they are: spring summer autumn winter everyone`s good in its own way

  13. Spring: chilly at nights, warm in the daytime, trees and grass turning green, birds singing... Summer: sunny and warm, sometimes hot, thunderstorms; berries in forests & gardens... Autumn:rainy and muddy, getting colder and colder, dark, windy, mushrooms in forests ... Winter:cold, frosty & snowy, blizzards and snowdrifts Spring: a lot to do: digging, ploughing, planting and sowing the seeds in gardens and fields Summer: holiday time, going hiking, sunbathing, swimming, watering, weeding ,berrypicking Autumn:back to school, harvesting the crops in gardens and in the fields, mushrooming... Winter: skiing,skating, sledging, felling trees for firewood, spending time indoors ... What`s it like & what can we doin different seasons ?

  14. LANDSCAPE • Mostly flat • Pandivere highlands in the north-east • Haanja highlands in the south-east • Lowlands in the north- west • Flat islands and rockyor sandy coast-line

  15. PLACES OF INTEREST • Old fortresses and manor houses (Rakvere and Palmse) • National parks and nature preserves (Lahemaa & Taevaskoja) • Historical & Cultural Inheritance ( Toolse and Setumaa ) • Oldest towns Tartu, Narva, Tallinn

  16. Kliima: mereline, pehme püsiv, muutlik, soe, kuum, jahe, külm jäine, pakane, lumine kuiv, põuane vihmane, mudane äikesetormid, välk lumetuisk, lumehang kaevamine, kündmine külvamine, istutamine kastmine, rohimine saagi koristamine maastik: tasane, künklik kõrgustik, madalik, kirre, kagu, edel, loe mõisad, rahvuspargid looduskaitsealad kultuuripärand DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ?

  17. INDUSTRY oil-shale mining chemical industry textile industry producing construction materials food industry, light industry, confectionary economic output AGRICULTURE & FISHING producing milk, butter, eggs, beef, pork, poultry growing potatoes, rye, wheat , barley and oats commercial fishing sheep-growing, poultry-farming, fish-breeding VOCABULARY FOR ECONOMY...

  18. NAME THE FIELD OF ECONOMY

  19. TÖÖSTUS põlevkivi kaevandamine keemiatööstus tekstiilitööstus ehitusmaterjalide tootmine toiduainete tööstus 75% Eesti majanduslikust väljalaskest PÕLLUMAJANDUS JA KALANDUS piima,või,munade,looma ja sealiha ning linnuliha tootmine kartuli, rukki, odra ja kaera kasvatamine tööstuslik kalandus Umbes 25% kogumajanduse produktist DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ?

  20. HOW TO USE THE SLIDE-SHOW You can speak about Estonia according to the following plan: • Estonia and state symbols • A shortcut to Estonia`s history • The presidents of Estonia • Location and borders, administrative devision, towns • Climate and landscape • Economy