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ESTONIA The Estonian Republic Compiled by Anne Truupõld Põlva Coeducational Gymnasium National bird swallow flower – cornflower State Symbols flag of Estonia Coat of arms blue for the sky three blue black for the land lions on a white for hope golden shield

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estonia the estonian republic

ESTONIAThe Estonian Republic

Compiled by

Anne Truupõld

Põlva Coeducational Gymnasium

slide2
National bird swallow

flower –

cornflower

State Symbolsflag of EstoniaCoat of armsblue for the sky three blue black for the land lions on a white for hope golden shield

National anthem

currency

Est. kroon

“My native land,

my pride and joy”

Words : Joh. Vold. Jansen

Music: Friedrich Pacius

the republic of estonia
The Republic of Estonia

* Firstestablished: February 24, 1918

* Re-established :August 20, 1991

* Public order : Parliamentary Democratic Republic

* Legislative organ: Parliament ( Riigikogu ), consisting

of 101 members from different

political parties

* Constitution : passed on June 28, 1992

slide4

The Heads of the state in the course of time

Konstantin PätsTHE FIRSTPRESIDENT OF THE NEWBORN REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA 24. 04.1938 – 17. 06.1940

Lennart MeriTHE TWICE ELECTED

PRESIDENT OF THE REBORN REPUBLIC OF

ESTONIA 06. 10. 1992 – 08.10. 2001

Arnold RüütelTHE SECOND

PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA

08. 10. 2001- 09.10. 2006

Toomas Hendrik Ilves THE SITTING

PRESIDENT OF ESTONIA

09. 10. 2006

geographical location
Geographical Location

SITUATED ON THE EASTERN

SHORES OF THE BALTIC SEA

AREA - 45,215 SQ KM

BORDERS ON THE GULF OF

FINLAND IN THE NORTH,

ON RUSSIA IN THE EAST,

ON LATVIA IN THE SOUTH,

ON THE BALTIC SEA IN THE

WEST

THE DISTANCE FROM

EAST TO WEST IS 350 KM.,

FROM NORTH TO SOUTH

240 KM

administrative devision
Administrative devision

There are 15 counties and 6 towns in Estonia. (The

other towns are subordinate to the counties).

The counties are devided into communities.

towns subordinate to the republic
Towns, subordinate tothe republic

Tallinn- the capital

of Estonia

Pärnu- the summer

resort and the

summer capital

Tartu- the old

university

town

Kohtla-Järve

the centre of

oil-shale

mining

Narva- the border

town with Russia, old

textile town and

electric energy

producer

Rakvere – the old

fortress town, the

business centre

for the region

tallinn the capital of estonia
TALLINNthe capital of Estonia

* Area: 158 sq. km

  • Population:399, 850

Famous for: its Old Town

with narrow cobbled streets

and museum- like looks

Song Festival Grounds

vocabulary used in this part
VOCABULARY USED IN THIS PART
  • STATE SYMBOLS BORDER ON ...
  • COAT OF ARMS THE GULF OF FINLAND
  • A GOLDEN SHIELD IN THE NORTH, SOUTH, ...
  • NATIONAL BIRD ESTABLISH
  • SWALLOW PUBLIC ORDER
  • CORNFLOWER LEGISLATIVE ORGAN
  • CURRENCY THE HEAD OF THE STATE
  • NATIONAL ANTHEM ADMINISTRATIVE DEVISION
  • GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION COUNTY, COMMUNITY
  • MY PRIDE AND JOY BE SUBORDINATE TO...
  • IS SITUATED = LIES, IS OIL-SHALE
  • ON THE SHORE ELECTRIC ENERGY
  • THE BALTIC SEA BE FAMOUS FOR
  • THE OLD TOWN COBBLED STREETS
  • SONG FESTIVAL GROUNDS MUSEUM-LIKE LOOKS
do you remember these words
DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ?
  • RIIKLIKUD SÜMBOLID PIIRNEMA
  • RIIGIVAPP SOOME LAHT
  • KULDNE KILP PÕHJAS, LÕUNAS, ...
  • RAHVUSLIND RAJAMA, ASUTAMA
  • PÄÄSUKE RIIGIKORD
  • RUKKILILL SEADUSANDLIK ORGAN
  • VALUUTA RIIGIPEA
  • RIIGIHÜMN HALDUSJAOTUS
  • GEOGRAAFILINE ASEND MAAKOND, VALD
  • MU ÕNN JA RÕÕM MILLEGI ALLUVUSES OLEMA
  • ASETSEB, ASUB PÕLEVKIVI
  • KALDAL ELEKTRIENERGIA
  • BALTI MERI, LÄÄNEMERI KUULUS OLEMA
  • VANALINN MUNAKIVIDEST TÄNAVAD
  • LAULUVÄLJAK MUUSEUMI-TAOLINE VÄLIMUS
vocabulary for climate landscape and sights
Climate, marine, mild

stable, changeable

warm, hot, chilly,cold

freezing, frosty, snowy

dry, droughty, rainy, muddy

thunderstorms, lightening

blizzards, snowdrifts

Digging, ploughing

Sowing, harvesting

Watering, weeding

Landscape: flat, hilly

Highland, lowland

North-east, south-east

Manor houses

National parks

Nature preserves

Cultural inheritance

VOCABULARY FOR CLIMATE ,LANDSCAPE AND SIGHTS
climate
CLIMATE

The climate is marine and surprisinglymild, but not

very stable, i.e. it`s very changeable.

There are four seasons in Estonia, they are:

spring summer autumn winter

everyone`s good in its own way

what s it like what can we do in different seasons
Spring: chilly at nights, warm

in the daytime, trees and grass

turning green, birds singing...

Summer: sunny and warm,

sometimes hot, thunderstorms;

berries in forests & gardens...

Autumn:rainy and muddy,

getting colder and colder, dark,

windy, mushrooms in forests ...

Winter:cold, frosty & snowy,

blizzards and snowdrifts

Spring: a lot to do: digging,

ploughing, planting and sowing

the seeds in gardens and fields

Summer: holiday time, going

hiking, sunbathing, swimming,

watering, weeding ,berrypicking

Autumn:back to school,

harvesting the crops in gardens

and in the fields, mushrooming...

Winter: skiing,skating, sledging,

felling trees for firewood, spending time indoors ...

What`s it like & what can we doin different seasons ?
landscape
LANDSCAPE
  • Mostly flat
  • Pandivere highlands

in the north-east

  • Haanja highlands

in the south-east

  • Lowlands in the

north- west

  • Flat islands and rockyor sandy coast-line
places of interest
PLACES OF INTEREST
  • Old fortresses and manor houses

(Rakvere and Palmse)

  • National parks and nature preserves

(Lahemaa & Taevaskoja)

  • Historical & Cultural

Inheritance

( Toolse and Setumaa )

  • Oldest towns

Tartu, Narva, Tallinn

do you remember these words16
Kliima:

mereline, pehme

püsiv, muutlik,

soe, kuum, jahe, külm

jäine, pakane, lumine

kuiv, põuane

vihmane, mudane

äikesetormid, välk

lumetuisk, lumehang

kaevamine, kündmine

külvamine, istutamine

kastmine, rohimine

saagi koristamine

maastik: tasane, künklik

kõrgustik, madalik,

kirre, kagu, edel, loe

mõisad, rahvuspargid

looduskaitsealad

kultuuripärand

DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ?
vocabulary for economy
INDUSTRY

oil-shale mining

chemical industry

textile industry

producing construction materials

food industry, light

industry, confectionary

economic output

AGRICULTURE &

FISHING

producing milk, butter, eggs, beef, pork, poultry

growing potatoes, rye,

wheat , barley and oats

commercial fishing

sheep-growing,

poultry-farming,

fish-breeding

VOCABULARY FOR ECONOMY...
do you remember these words19
TÖÖSTUS

põlevkivi kaevandamine

keemiatööstus

tekstiilitööstus

ehitusmaterjalide tootmine

toiduainete tööstus

75% Eesti majanduslikust

väljalaskest

PÕLLUMAJANDUS JA

KALANDUS

piima,või,munade,looma

ja sealiha ning linnuliha

tootmine

kartuli, rukki, odra ja kaera kasvatamine

tööstuslik kalandus

Umbes 25% kogumajanduse produktist

DO YOU REMEMBER THESE WORDS ?
how to use the slide show
HOW TO USE THE SLIDE-SHOW

You can speak about Estonia according to the following plan:

  • Estonia and state symbols
  • A shortcut to Estonia`s history
  • The presidents of Estonia
  • Location and borders, administrative devision, towns
  • Climate and landscape
  • Economy