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Baltic Salmon in Estonia Taavi Nuum Estonian Green Movement - FoE. State of the stock. Wild salmon populations in 9 Estonian rivers in the Gulf of Finland + Pärnu river Condition of wild stock is poor Production of wild smolt is very small in several rivers

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Baltic salmon in estonia taavi nuum estonian green movement foe

Baltic Salmon in EstoniaTaavi NuumEstonian Green Movement - FoE


State of the stock
State of the stock

  • Wild salmon populations in 9 Estonian rivers in the Gulf of Finland + Pärnu river

  • Condition of wild stock is poor

  • Production of wild smolt is very small in several rivers

  • Parr densities are very low in many rivers

  • Official catches of salmon in the area are low


Reared stocks
Reared stocks

  • Most of the catch orginates from smolt realeses


Management objectivesThe IBSFC objective is to increase the natural production of wild Baltic salmon to at least 50% of the naturalproduction capacity of each river by 2010, while retaining the catch as high as possible.


Main obstacles to achive this goal
Main obstacles to achive this goal

  • Blocked migration routes to the reproduction areas

  • Unpredictable amount of poaching with electrofishing equipment in rivers


Overview of main obstacles on estonian salmon rivers
Overview of main obstacles on Estonian salmon rivers

  • Kunda river – first dam 2km. Most of reproduction areas are inaccessible

  • Loobu river – first dam 8 km from mouth important part of potential reproduction areas are inaccessible

  • Valgejõgi – first dam 8 km, 90% of former reproduction areas are inaccessible

  • Jägala river- first dam 2 km, rebuilded Linnamäe Hydropowerstation

  • Pirita- first dam 14km, riverwater is used for providing drinking water for Tallinn


Overview of main obstacles on estonian salmon rivers1
Overview of main obstacles on Estonian salmon rivers

  • Vasalemma – first dam 7 km, important spawning grounds are upstream from dam

  • Pärnu – Sindi dam

    FISH PASSWAYS AND LADDERS WOULD INCREASE THE SIZE OF REPRODUCTION AREAS


Actions to safeguard salmon habitats
Actions to safeguard salmon habitats

  • According to the Ministry of Environment decree from july 2004 in Estonia is 112 rivers and riverparts. Alltogether there are 200 waterbodys which are suitable for salmonids

  • It is prohibited to build there new dams and reconstruct old dams in extent, which rise a waterlevel in river


Which rivers are protectedJägala jõgi – from waterfall until river-mouthKunda river – full lengthLoobu river – full lengthPirita river – from first dam until river-mouthPärnu river – from Tarbja water-reservoir dam until river mouthVasalemma river – from Ruila dam until river-mouthVääna river – from Saku dam until river-mouthSelja river – full lengthValgejõgi – full lengthKeila river – from Keila-Joa waterfall until river-mouth


Government decree about requirements for damming up the river
Government decree about requirements for damming up the river

  • It should assure fishies passage

  • The built construction should allow to regulate a water level within allowed extent

  • Downstream from dam should be guaranteed a sanitary water flow



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