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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance. George Hemeon. Collaborative Aboriginal Governance. Introduction Background Current Realities Challenges/Barriers Benchmarks Looking Forward Questions. Collaborative Aboriginal Governance. Context Squamish Two Row Wampum.

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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

  • Introduction
  • Background
  • Current Realities
  • Challenges/Barriers
  • Benchmarks
  • Looking Forward
  • Questions

Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

  • Context
  • Squamish
  • Two Row Wampum

Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

  • Collaborative Aboriginal Governance
  • Canada’s Aboriginal Peoples
collaborative aboriginal governance
Collaborative Aboriginal Governance
  • Royal Proclamation, 1763
  • Confederation, 1867 & The Indian Act
  • Aboriginal Rights Movement: A White Paper and a non-decision
  • S.35 Constitution Act, 1982
  • Gathering Strength, 1997
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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

“We are entitled to lay blame, but not to make excuses. Colonization created the conditions of material and social deprivation, but the failure to confront them is our own.” Taiaiake Alfred

  • Demographics & Disparities

- unemployment, 19.1%

- income, 64%

- health and life expectancies

- infant mortality

- family violence and sexual abuse

- youth suicide, 8 times higher

- alcohol & drug abuse

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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

“My experience in government is that when things are non-controversial and beautifully coordinated, there is not much going on.” John F. Kennedy

  • S.91(24), 92A, 93, 92(7) Constitution Act – federal and provincial jurisdictions
  • Limited Consultation
  • Aboriginal Policy is Complex
      • Vertical & horizontal barriers
      • Turf protection

Challenges Facing Collaborative Aboriginal Governance


Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

We take great offence to the arrogant notion that these comprehensive 10 year goals and objectives were scribbled on the back of a napkin at the last moment. …The proposals discussed at the Kelowna First Ministers meeting were the result of nearly two years of nationwide consultations and conferences.

Grand Chief Stewart Phillip


Grand Chief Phil Fontaine


Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

Shifting Political Will

BC Treaty Referendum

A New Relationship

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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance
  • First Nation’s Capacity to Collaborate
      • Devolution & the Reporting Burden
      • Sound Leadership
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Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

Lessons Learned

  • Reaching Agreement
      • Co-managing Resources in the Yukon
  • Developing Shared Frameworks
      • Sharing Power – Sharing Responsibility
  • Managing Disputes
      • Nova Scotia, BC, Nisga’a

Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

Lessons Learned

  • Joint Planning
      • First Nations, Yukon & Municipal Governments
  • Finding Common Ground
    • Tsawwassen Final Agreement

Collaborative Aboriginal Governance

Like the Thunderbird of old I shall rise again out of the sea; I shall grab the instruments of the white man's success---his education, his skills, and with these new tools I shall build my race into the proudest segment of your society. Chief Dan George, 1967.