PowerPoint 4: Political Parties
What is a political ideology? • A political ideology is a set of shared ideas or beliefsabout how politics and government should function. • Common ideologies include liberalism, conservatism, and socialism. Others include communism and fascism.
What is a political party? • A political partyis a group of like-minded individuals with a sharedvision and common political ideology. • Anyone above the required age can be a member of a political party — for most parties, that age is 14. • Party members work together to achieve power through an election, form government and create meaningful political change. • Each party also selects a leader, usually through a leadership contest or vote.
Federal Political Parties • There are 20 registered political partiesin Canada. • Animal Alliance Environment Voters Party of Canada • Bloc Québécois • Canadian Action Party • Christian Heritage Party of Canada • Communist Party of Canada • Conservative Party of Canada • Democratic Advancement Party of Canada • Forces et Démocratie • Green Party of Canada • Liberal Party of Canada • Libertarian Party of Canada • Marijuana Party • Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada • New Democratic Party • Party for Accountability, Competency and Transparency • Pirate Party of Canada • Progressive Canadian Party • Rhinoceros Party • The Bridge Party of Canada • United Party of Canada
What is the political spectrum? • The political spectrum characterizes beliefs, values and priorities, and provides a framework in which to view and evaluate political partiesand policies. • A linear spectrum is represented as a horizontal line, with parties on the leftembracing social equality, bigger government and more services, and parties on the right favouring tradition, smaller government and lower taxes.
Political Spectrum Questions • Should the minimum wage be increased or decreased? • Should the government spend more or less on our armed forces? • Should wealthier people pay more or less in taxes?
What is a party platform? • A series of declared principles and policieson jurisdictional issues concerning government and the public. • While all the political parties may agree that education is a priority, they may have different ideas about how to improve the system or which aspects to focus on. • Political parties announce their platform through announcements, advertising and events, and share their ideas to attract support from voters.
How does a party form government? • The party that elects the most number of representatives or wins the most seats usually forms government. • At the federal level, the leader of the party that forms government becomes the prime minister. • After the 2011 federal election, the Conservative Party formed government with 166 out of 308 legislative seats.
Final Thoughts • Why are political parties important? • What advantages and disadvantages are there to running for a party? • Would you ever join a political party? Why or why not?