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World Heritage Management: A value/based Approach UNITAR / UDRI Training Workshop for India Mumbai, India, 18-21 August 2005 Best Practices of Heritage Conservation in India Case Studies from the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation Richard A. Engelhardt

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World Heritage Management: A value/based Approach

UNITAR / UDRI Training Workshop for India

Mumbai, India, 18-21 August 2005

Best Practices of

Heritage Conservation in India

Case Studies from the UNESCO

Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards for Culture Heritage Conservation

Richard A. Engelhardt

Regional Advisor for Culture in Asia and the Pacific

UNESCO

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Objectives of the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards

  • To recognize efforts of individuals and organizations within the private sector in successfully restoring and conserving building of heritage value in Asia-Pacific region.
  • To promote conservation of the Asia-Pacific region's built heritage by encouraging involvement of the private sector.
  • To advocate the culture of conservation through use of appropriate conservation techniques and approaches.
  • To catalyze additional projects within the community, by giving due recognition to best practice examples.
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Conditions for Entry

  • Houses, institutional or religious buildings, gardens, bridges and other types of structures are all eligible.
  • At least 50 years old.
  • Restoration completed within the past 10 years and structures must have been in viable use for at least one year.
  • Restoration must be the result of private initiative or a public/private partnership.
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Australia, including - Antarctica

Cambodia

China

India

Indonesia

Japan

Kazakhstan

Korea

Lao PDR

Malaysia

Mongolia

Nepal

Pakistan

Philippines

 Iran

Singapore

Sri Lanka

Thailand

Uzbekistan

Viet Nam

Asia-Pacific Heritage Awards Entries

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Heritage Awards Project Types

Heritage Awards Project Types

Public Institutions

Educational Institutions

Memorials

Places of Worship

Commercial Establishments

Commercial Establishments

Industrial Buildings

Residential Buildings

Cultural Facilities

Office Buildings

Palace Complexes

Hospitality Facilities: Hotels

Historic Structures

Cultural Landscapes

Urban Quarters

Historic Towns

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Selection Criteria

a. the articulation of the structure’s heritage values in order to convey the spirit of place through the conseivation work;

b. appropriate use or adaptation of the structure;

c. the interpretation of the cultural, social, historical and architectural significance of the structure(s) in the conseivation work;

d. the understanding of the technical issues of conservation/restoration in interpreting the structure’s significance;

e. the use and quality control of appropriate building, artisan, and conservation techniques;

f. the use of appropriate materials;

Cont. >>

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Selection Criteria

g. how well any added elements or creative technical solutions respect the character and inherent spatial quality of the structure(s);

h. the manner in which the process and the final product contribute to the surrounding environment and the local community’s cultural and historical continuum;

i. the influence of the project on conservation practice and policy locally, nationally, regionally or internationally;

j. the ongoing socio-economic viability and relevance of the project, and provision for its future use and maintenance;

k. the technical consistency, complexity and sensitivity of the project methodology.

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Winning Entriesdemonstrate a combination of technical excellence, community-based developmentand best practice in the use of heritage resources

  • Set benchmark standards of technical excellence

Chinese mosaic porcelain works (Chien Nien)

Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion

Penang, Malaysia

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Winning Entriesdemonstrate a combination of technical excellence, community-based developmentand best practice in the use of heritage resources

  • Foster local community involvement, capacity building, development

Villagers trained in restoration, maintenance, and other livelihood skills

Krishan Temple

Kishankot, Punjab, India

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Winning Entriesdemonstrate a combination of technical excellence, community-based developmentand best practice in the use of heritage resources

  • Revive crafts skills and provide for future maintenance

Revival of stained glass craftsmanship

University of Mumbai Library

Mumbai, India

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Winning Entriesdemonstrate a combination of technical excellence, community based developmentand best practice in the use of heritage resources

  • Catalyze restoration and conservation effortsin surrounding community

Xijin Ferry Project revived a large residential area for future restoration

Jiangsu Province,Zhenjiang, China

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Heritage Awards Winners Ceremonies

Hung Shing Old Temple, Hong Kong SAR, China 11 March 2001 Ceremony, Outstanding Project

Cheong Fatt Tze Mansion, Penang Malaysia6 January 2001 Ceremony, Most Excellent Project

King Law Ka Shuk, Hong Kong SAR, China17 March 2002 Ceremony, Award of Merit

Krishan Temple, India23 March 2002 Ceremony, Award of Distinction

asia conserved best practices from the unesco heritage awards
Asia Conserved Best Practices from the UNESCO Heritage Awards
  • Collection of best practice case studies from 2000-4 cycles of the Awards
  • Co-published and/or distributed through UNESCO Chair/Asian Academy network
  • Written for general readership, including:
    • technical information for students
    • directory information for sourcing materials, specialists for homeowners/professionals

Forthcoming publication

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Project Awards 2000

Excellent Project

JUDGES’ CITATION

The rehabilitation of the Chanwar Palkhiwalon-ki-haveli ruins in Amber demonstrates that even severely deteriorated historic structures can be saved, restored to near their original condition and given a prolonged life. The successful restoration proves that employing local traditional artisans and utilizing local materials is both technically possible and economically practical. The recruitment of a large number of local artisans imparted a long-term economic impact on the community and helped several master craftsmen establish their own construction firms specializing in historic rehabilitation. The high visibility of this project throughout its renovation increased public support for the implementation of a master plan conservation of the 800-year-old historic town of Amber.

Chanwar Palkhiwalon-ki-HaveliRajasthan, India

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Project Awards 2000

Outstanding Project

JUDGES’ CITATION

Restoration of the Hotel de l’Orient proves that successful heritage conservation does not require massive intervention or rebuilding. This inspiring project was completed with minimal intervention, done relatively inexpensively, and maintained the integrity of both the exterior and the interior original architecture. The care and attention given to original design elements in the interior restoration gives to the Hotel de l’Orient admirable charm and historic authenticity. The addition of two guestrooms and a staircase in order to make the project economically viable illustrates the creative approach to the structure’s adaptive conservation. In addition to contributing to the cultural enhancement of the community, the popularity of the hotel has underscored the validity of the decision to restore the building rather than demolish it.

Hotel de l’OrientPondicherry, India

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Project Awards 2001

Awards of Distinction

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of the historic Krishan Temple in a multi-cultural village in the Punjab validates the important role that the conservation of shared heritage has in generating community involvement. The leading role of the NGO, especially in consolidating the efforts of the local community, is particularly commendable. The restoration was approached not just as a conservation project, but as a community-strengthening endeavor, demonstrating the success possible by conservation embedded in community. By re-introducing traditional construction techniques and materials, and transferring this technical knowledge and appreciation to the local villagers, the project conservators ensured the future sustainability of the temple, and the continued life of the building after restoration.

Krishan TemplePunjab, India

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Project Awards 2001

Awards of Merit

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of DBS House demonstrates how close collaboration between the corporate property owner and local conservation experts has resulted in an exemplary adaptive reuse project that preserves local heritage while accommodating the requirements of a state-of-the-art business centre. A legacy of inappropriate and sub-standard architectural additions presented a host of structural and technical challenges, which have been resolved with commendable creativity and restraint, respecting the integrity and quality of the original structure. The minimalist approach has allowed new interventions to stand alongside existing structures with equal integrity. Leading by example, the restoration of DBS House has been catalyst in inciting further conservation efforts in the Fort Precinct area of Mumbai.

DBS HouseMumbai, India

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Project Awards 2001

Honourable Mention

JUDGES’ CITATION

The state-of-the-art restoration of the Library Building at the University of Mumbai exhibits exemplary technical accomplishment and returns one of the city's landmark buildings to its original splendor. Commendable attention to methodology of restoration and authenticity of the new elements are evident in the meticulous conservation project. Reintroducing some lost arts by training local craftsmen to accomplish an authentically accurate restoration has revived these art forms for use in the community and in future conservation projects.

Library BuildingUniversity of Mumbai, India

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Project Awards 2002

Awards of Excellence

JUDGES’ CITATION

The ambitious large-scale restoration of the abandoned 12th-century Ahhichatragarh fort and palace complex in Rajasthan has checked the advanced dilapidation of the site through a comprehensive, multi-faceted and standard-setting conservation programme. Neglect over the years had led to wide-spread structural instability of the buildings and grounds. The restoration was guided by a minimalist approach, resulting in varying levels of intervention which responded to the range of damage suffered. The rigorous conservation process combined the application of modern scientific techniques with the revival of traditional crafts and materials. The removal of unsympathetic additions and the introduction of new infrastructural services allow the complex to accommodate modern use while preserving the sense of place embodied in the exquisite architecture and landscaping. The historic evolution of the site has been captured by respecting the various periods of the complex in the conservation work. The on-going work has created a live research laboratory, providing valuable field education for conservation professionals and students. The physical preservation of the complex returns the largest open grounds in the region to the local public, as a venue for festivals, cultural performances, and religious events, thereby allowing for the continuity of the fort's rich history.

Ahhichatragarh FortNagaur, Rajasthan, India

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Project Awards 2002

Honourable Mention

JUDGES’ CITATION

The first phase of the streetscape revitalization project in the historic fort city of Jaisalmer represents an exemplary holistic approach to conserving the living public realm. Starting with the basic gesture of harmoniously integrating infrastructural amenities, such as drainage systems, into the traditional streetscape, the project seeks to address a complete range of conservation issues, including façade restoration and the provision of hygienic facilities. The integrated conservation effort will establish a mechanism for educating local property owners and upgrading the entire fort in terms of modern functioning, while maintaining Jaisalmer’s unique urban character and prevailing traditional ways of life. The project has the potential to create the momentum to drive a larger conservation project, serving as a best practice case study for other communities to learn from.

Jaisalmer Streescape Revitalisatisation Project (Phase I)Rajasthan, India

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Project Awards 2004

Awards of Distinction

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of this Sikh house of worship demonstrates a sophisticated holistic understanding of both the technical and social aspects of conservation process and practice. Careful attention to detail and sensitive repair work have ensured the retention of the building’s historic character. Most significantly, the emphasis on involving and empowering the community ensures the long-term survival of the historic building and its associated cultural traditions. Training given to local youth in correct conservation methods emphasizing traditional construction techniques has revitalized local craft skills and revived the use of indigenous materials. The restoration of the gurudwara returns it to its place of pride in the Lakhpat community, showcasing the distinctiveness of their Sikh heritage both locally as well as nationally.

Lakhpat GurudwaraLakhpat Village, Kuchchh DistrictGujarat, India

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Project Awards 2004

Awards of Merit

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of Dorje Chenmo Temple and its superb wall paintings demonstrates the value of an integrated and inclusive conservation approach to preserving cultural heritage. Technical aspects of the work on the once-abandoned village prayer hall were guided by architectural and art restoration experts, while a key catalytic role in the project was played by the village Oracle, who framed the project within a traditional devotional context. Working with the project management team, the Oracle encouraged extensive involvement by the residents of Shey in the conservation work, resulting in the reintegration of the temple into community life and the renewal of an appreciation for traditional construction techniques and decorative arts as appropriate to the continuity of local heritage. This project sets an exemplary model for best practice in the conservation of the extensive religious heritage of Ladakh.

Dorje Chenmo TempleShey Village, Ladakh, India

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Project Awards 2004

Awards of Merit

JUDGES’ CITATION

The first of its kind in India, this ambitious streetscape project has revived the historic ambience of Dadabhai Naoroji Road of Mumbai through the restoration of shop fronts, signage and street furniture to reflect the area’s Victorian Era commercial heritage. Through a bottom-up participatory approach this project has galvanized local shop owners and residents, leading to the creation of participatory citizen’s associations to continue and extend conservation work in historic Mumbai. Starting with grass-roots advocacy, and continuing through stakeholder consensus, the project has succeeded in gaining commitment from the municipal government to adopt urban design guidelines for the entire historic precinct, setting an important precedent. The project’s success has generated widespread appreciation of the aesthetic, social and commercial values which have resulted from the preservation of the street’s historic character. Through its influence on urban policy and contribution to the commercial vitality of the neighborhood, this project sets the standard for future urban streetscape revitalization throughout India.

Dadabhai Naoroji Road Heritage Streetscape Project, Mumbai, India

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Project Awards 2004

Awards of Merit

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of St. Thomas Cathedral, originally built in 1718, has saved one of Mumbai’s most important landmark buildings and has contributed to revitalizing the built heritage of the city’s historic centre. The project’s thorough documentation, the removal of incongruent elements, and the restrained repair work display a sound understanding of conservation theory and methodology. By reinstating the original site plan, the project has restored the historic coherence of the complex and grounds. Furthermore, the creative adaptive reuse of some buildings within the complex has reinforced the function of the cathedral as a place of community learning, while demonstrating the modern-day socio-economic viability of historic structures.

St. Thomas CathedralMumbai, India

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Project Awards 2004

Honourable Mention

JUDGES’ CITATION

The restoration of the façade of the Victorian landmark, Elphinstone College, was undertaken as a result of a community-led campaign and demonstrates best practice in collaborative private-public conservation. Setting the standard for conservation work on the Victorian buildings of Mumbai, the project’s cautious and methodical conservation approach and, in particular, its use of non-invasive techniques have ensured the preservation of the building’s fragile, historic fabric. The methodology used in this project serves as a model for the restoration of the many similar structures in Mumbai’s historic Fort District. The project has returned this landmark building to its former magnificence and has preserved one of the most valuable parts of the city’s history and built heritage. By illustrating the architectural splendor of the Fort District of Mumbai this project has contributed to consolidating the district as a showcase for Mumbai’s wealth of Victorian heritage.

Elphinstone CollegeMumbai, India

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Project Awards 2005

Awards of Excellence

JUDGES’ CITATION

A Classical Revival architectural gem, the Dr. Bhau Daji Lad Museum in Mumbai has been restored to its historical splendor through a pioneering public-private partnership between the municipality of Mumbai, the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) and the Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation. Through a holistic conservation plan which has addressed both the museum building and the collection, the project establishes a new benchmark in the conservation of museums for India and the region. By modernizing the internal infrastructure while paying careful attention to restoring the decorative details of the building, the project has demonstrated a balanced approach between the refined mastery of conservation techniques and the support of crafts skills. Accordingly, the project has succeeded in sparking the revival of fading techniques such as gilding and stencil work. The building now stands as a unique testimony to the development of Victorian architecture in the context of the hybrid building and crafts traditions of 19th century India, as well as to the civic traditions embodied in one of the country’s earliest museums.

Dr. Bhau Daji Lad MuseumMumbai, India

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Project Awards 2005

Awards of Distinction

JUDGES’ CITATION

The far-sighted vision guiding the restoration of Mehrangarh Fort and adaptive reuse into a museum has resulted in the safeguarding of the historic ruling seat as a living monument to the rich traditions of Rajasthan. The ambitious large-scale project sets exemplary standards in opening up and interpreting the complex for the appreciation of local community members, outside visitors and future generations. Through a practical conservation approach, the project has ensured the stabilization of the structure, the sensitive repair of traditional architectural features, and the modern upgrade of the space for its contemporary use. Through the inspirational commitment of the Maharaja of Marwar-Jodphur, the present-day use of the Fort as a socio-cultural and religious centre, under the administration of the Mehrangarh Museum Trust, has ensured the long-term vibrance of the complex.

Mehrangar FortJodphur, Rajasthan, India

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U N E S C O

O F F I C E O F T H E REGIONAL ADVISOR FOR CULTURE I N A S I A A N D T H E P A C I FI C

www.unescobkk.org/culture/heritageawards