2 more things about graphs . Rise Raise Arise. Rise, rose, risen – irreg.v. (intr.: rise + Ø ) The price has already risen . Prices rose yesterday.Prices are rising . Raise, raised, raised - reg.v.(trans.:raise+object)
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Rise, rose, risen – irreg.v. (intr.: rise + Ø)
The price has already risen. Prices rose yesterday.Prices are rising.
Raise, raised, raised - reg.v.(trans.:raise+object)
They raised the prices. He has raised his voice. Raise your hand!
Arise, arose, arisen
Many problems have arisen. A crisis is arising.
e.g. Retail sales fell in the second quarter. (v.→ n.)
There was a fall in the second quarter retail sales.
There was a slow growth in Britain’s economy in the second quarter.
A slow growth was recorded in Britain’s economy in the second quarter.
There was a rise of 300% in shoe imports from China...
A rise of 300%was recorded in shoe imports from China...
Cadburry Schweppes’s net profit rose by 46% in 2005.
1.Italics: intensity/speed (How fast/intensive is the change?) 2.Underlined – time adverbials (When?)3.Red - trend (up/down?, changed direction?)4.Blue – prepositions
Having reached a lowtowards the end of January 1999, retail sales started rising in February, slipped backin March and remained stableatX% throughout April. A sharp increasetoX% is visible in early May followed by an abruptdropto X% in June. Retail sales climbed backtoX% in July. They went upmildly in August and continued rising in September….