parts of speech predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives n.
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Parts of Speech, Predicate Nominatives, and Predicate Adjectives. Review. Parts of Speech. Noun – person, place, thing, or idea ; abstract and concrete Pronoun – replaces a noun Adverb – “adds” to the verb; answers the questions: - how something is done - when something is done

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parts of speech
Parts of Speech

Noun – person, place, thing, or idea; abstract and concrete

Pronoun – replaces a noun

Adverb – “adds” to the verb; answers the questions:

- how something is done

- when something is done

- to what extent something is done

- why something is done

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Noun
  • person, place, thing, or idea; abstract and concrete
  • Concrete: horse, film, rice, baseball, teeth
  • Abstract: freedom, liberty, determination, happiness
pronoun
Pronoun
  • Stands in place of a noun
  • he, she, it, they, we, us, them
  • Example:
    • When the mailman arrived, the dog gave him a hard time.
adjective
Adjective
  • Describes a person, place, thing, or idea
  • Example:
    • The sky is dark blue.
    • We had to sit quietly during the gruelingeight-hour road trip.
    • I really wanted to watch the fast-pacedaction movie.
verbs
Verbs
  • Action Verbs: drive, fly, sit, stare, dance, sleep, dream, fart
    • Example: Wendy flew across the sky next to Peter Pan.
  • Linking Verbs – links the subject to an adjective or noun
    • am, are, is, was, were, seems, appears, might be, should be, could be,
    • Example:
      • She is a queen among the celebrities.
      • She appears glamorous among the celebrities.
adverbs
Adverbs
  • “adds” to the verb; answers the questions:
    • - how something is done:
      • I finished the project diligently.
    • - when something is done:
      • I finished the project yesterday.
    • - to what extent something is done
      • I barely finished the project.
adverbs continued
Adverbs (continued)
  • Adverbs can also add to adjectives and other adverbs
  • Modifying Adjectives:
    • Once I finished the project, I was really happy.
    • I am almost surprised to see how far I have come.
  • Modifying other Adverbs (a.k.a. “Intensifiers”)
    • My friend also finished the project very quickly.
    • She had a burst of energy so randomly and was able to finish the project.
prepositions
Prepositions
  • Think of the “bridge”
  • About, among, across, through, throughout, with, within, to, towards, behind, below, beneath, under, underneath
  • “Object of the Prepositional Phrase”
    • He needed to understand everything about science.
      • (about science.)
    • Slowly, she crept towards the door and opened it.
      • (towards the door)
conjunctions
Conjunctions
  • Links sentences, words, or phrases using: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so, and neither…nor…(a.k.a. “coordinating conjunctions”)
    • Examples:
      • This ranch is for George andLennie.
      • Neither Curley nor his wife had the luxury of love.
      • George lost a dear friend, but we hope that he still follow his dream.
conjunctions continued
Conjunctions (continued)
  • Subordinating conjunctions - connects a subordinate clause to an independent clause
  • Since, because, after, whenever, however, so that
  • Example:
    • Because there was a tornado warning, all schools were closed for the day.
    • Katy was nervous since this was her first interview.
interjections
Interjections
  • Words or phrases that show emotions or expressions
  • Wow!, Oh., What?, Got ‘em!, OMG!, Huh?, LOL!
predicate nominative
Predicate Nominative
  • A noun that follows a linking verb, thereby giving a “name” to the subject.
  • Example:
    • She is queen.
      • > The subject She is identified or is given the “name” queen.
    • The game that we play is hopscotch.
      • > The subject gameis identified or is given the “name” hopscotch.
predicate adjective
Predicate Adjective
  • An adjective that follows a linking verb, thereby giving a “description” to the subject.
  • Example:
    • She is ratchet.
      • > The subject She is described as ratchet.
    • The game that we play is boring
      • > The subject gameis described as boring.
    • He seems sad that no one picked him.
      • > The subject He is described as sad.
determine the part of speech of each underlined word
Determine the part of speech of eachunderlined word
  • She was unable to understand the importanceof the exam.
  • Davidhadno idea that the paper wasduetoday.
  • We left the zoo very quicklyafter the lions got loose.
  • Let us find the ringtomorrowbecause I amtired.