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What basic ideas about government and rights did the state constitutions include?. Basic Ideas of State Constitutions. Higher law and natural rights: Reflect ideas of protecting life, Social contract: Government was an agreement among Popular Sovereignty:

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basic ideas of state constitutions
Basic Ideas of State Constitutions
  • Higher law and natural rights:
    • Reflect ideas of protecting life,
  • Social contract:
    • Government was an agreement among
  • Popular Sovereignty:
    • Ultimate governing authority rests with the people
basic ideas of state constitutions1
Basic Ideas of State Constitutions
  • Representation and the right to vote:
    • State constitutions created legislatures composed of representatives
  • Legislative Supremacy:
    • Strong legislature because colonists did NOT trust a strong
basic ideas of state constitutions2
Basic Ideas of State Constitutions
  • Checks and balances:
    • Most states had 2 legislative houses to divide power
    • Important decisions were discussed by both houses
why legislative supremacy
Why Legislative Supremacy?
  • Legislative branch is most capable of
  • Executive branch is less accountable to the people and
  • Judges should not be trusted with too much power
importance of virginia declaration of rights
Importance of Virginia Declaration of Rights
  • First protection of individual rights to be adopted by the people
  • Expressed people’s understanding of their fundamental, inalienable rights
what is contained in the virginia declaration of rights
What is contained in the Virginia Declaration of Rights?
  • All power is derived from and kept by the people
  • Government is instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security of the people
  • All men have natural rights (life, liberty, and the means of possessing property)
  • Freedom of religion
what rights did other states protect
What rights did other states protect?
  • The right to vote
  • Free and frequent elections
  • Freedom of speech and of the press
  • The right to petition the government and redress grievances
  • No taxation w/o representation
  • Rights to counsel and trial by a jury of one’s peers
  • Protection from illegal searches and seizures
  • Protection from forced self-incrimination, excessive bail and fines, and cruel and unusual punishment