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Dual Enrollment Programs for Basic Skills Reading and English Students Cynthia J. Spence, MA Ed.D, Educational Leadership California State University, San Bernardino. 1112. Committee Members Dr. Bonnie Piller Dr. Diane Brantley. Statement of Purpose

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Dual Enrollment Programs for Basic Skills Reading and English StudentsCynthia J. Spence, MAEd.D, Educational Leadership California State University, San Bernardino

1112

Committee Members

Dr. Bonnie Piller

Dr. Diane Brantley

  • Statement of Purpose
  • The following project is a meta-analysis aimed at examining the
  • impact of dual enrollment participation for California community
  • college basic skills and English students by tracking their grades,
  • course assignments, and retention and comparing these findings
  • with those of a previous study conducted by the Community
  • College Research Center. The previous study examined dual
  • enrollment programs for basic skills/English community college
  • students in Florida and in New York City (Karp, et al, 2007).
  • Hypothesis

Students enrolled in dual enrollment programs achieve

elevated high school graduation and college enrollment

rates, produce higher first-semester grade point averages,

and will be more likely topersist to the second semester.

  • Participants
  • The study will be conducted by analyzing the existing large-
  • scale California Department of Education administrative
  • datasets for two graduate classes 2005/06 and 2006/07. The
  • study will look at dual enrollment students that do not require
  • basic skills courses and those who do. It is important to
  • confirm that basic skills students also benefit from dual
  • enrollment programs. The New York dataset included 2,303
  • records and the Florida dataset included 299,685 records.
  • Analysis
  • A two-by-two ANOVA (dual enrollment vs. no dual
  • enrollment, and basic skills and all other students) will be
  • applied.
  • Future Research
  • Implement a dual enrollment program for remedial reading
  • level high school seniors.
  • Statement of the Problem
  • According to the California Community Colleges Research & Planning Group’s 2007 report, more than one in every three students in California community colleges must enroll in a basic skills class (Boroch et al, 2007).
  • As a result, an increasing number of students are being placed into remedial reading and English classes upon entering college .
  • Taking remedial college courses extends the student’s stay in community college.
  • Only 46% of College of the Desert basic skills students persist to spring semester. Only 34% of College of the Desert basic skills students persist to their second fall semester (Based on MIS data 2004-2007).
  • Addressing the Problem
  • A plan of the California
  • Community College System
  • Office in cooperation with the
  • State Academic Senate
  • Institutional Change: Begin offering dual enrollment programs for high school students who test at remedial levels during the first semester of their senior year in high school.
  • In order to effectively argue that this suggested treatment has possible value, it is important to first establish that dual-enrollment programs appear to be successful by examining current research in this area.
  • Research Question
  • What are the short-term effects of participation in dual enrollment programs for all students and for basic skills students as measured by high school graduation and college enrollment rates? Additionally, what are the long-term effects as measured by their persistence into the second year of postsecondary education, grade point average, and credit accumulation?

College of the Desert research data used with permission.

Course Descriptions

ENG-050 BASIC WRITING SKILLS

This course provides extensive study of basic writing skills in

preparation for higher level writing courses. Students write

paragraphs and short essays and develop an awareness of

correct grammar usage, and mechanical skills.

ENG-051 INTRODUCTION TO EXPOSITORY WRITING

This course helps students improve their skills in expository

writing, including a review of grammar and sentence skills to

prepare them for college level courses.

RDG-050 BASIC READING

This course is designed to provide extensive study and practice of basic reading skills including vocabulary development, comprehension improvement, and oral reading ability.

RDG-051 ANALYTICAL READING

This course is for students who have a vocabulary base for college-level reading but need practice in analytical reading and critical thinking skills. The focus of this course is on improving comprehension. Students read college-level selections from different disciplines and content areas.