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Education Has The Power To Change Everything. How do you BREAK the Cycle of Poverty?. CARING ABOUT OUR COMMUNITY. Dr. H. Jack Geiger in the cotton fields of Mound Bayou, Mississippi, 1968. The Vision. Community Succession

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slide2
How do you BREAK

the Cycle of Poverty?

slide6
CARING

ABOUT OUR COMMUNITY

slide11
Community Succession

The children of the community will become the doctors, nurses, social workers, community health workers and administrators of the Health Centre.

slide12

Getting Started…

Focus Groups:

  • Kids: Grads, Drop-Outs, In-School
  • Parents: In First Languages
  • Agency/School Staffs
  • Research Data from School Board by community
  • Best Practices from successful Programs
slide15
HIGH SCHOOL

IS A CRUCIAL MINIMUM TO

SECURING EMPLOYMENT

AND INCREASINGLY

NOT ENOUGH

slide17

Studies show that dropouts …

  • tend to be unemployed or earning lower wages, thus paying little or no taxes
  • tend to experience higher rates of poverty, thus drawing most from social assistance
  • tend to commit more crime and threaten the safety of our neighbourhoods, thus putting greater strains on our justice system
  • tend to have higher incidents of illness, drug-use, and teenage pregnancy, thus putting greater strains on our health care system
slide18

How big is the problem?

Provincial averages:20-30%

30%

Low income communities:30-50%

50%

Immigrant, Aboriginal and single parent families:50-70%

70%

slide19

Teens can thrive…

  • caring relationships
  • engaged intellectually
  • peer support
  • sense of community
  • an expanding network of adults
slide20

“Neighbourhoods with stronger social supports and greater stability appear to have better outcomes for children even controlling for other factors in children's background”.

Levin “Students at Risk: A Review of the Research” (2004; pp. 30)

the solution
The Solution

Student/Parent Contract

ACADEMIC SUPPORT

Volunteers provide after-school tutoring in core academic subjects

SOCIAL SUPPORT

Volunteers run group mentoring activities to help students with social skills, problem solving and career planning

FINANCIAL SUPPORT

Scholarships and other financial supports provide incentives and help reduce barriers to school completion

1-TO-1 MENTORING & SUPPORT

Staff provide 1-on-1 support to help students succeed in school, at home, and in the community

COMMUNITY READINESS

Continual program improvement through research and program evaluation

Pathways collectively “wraps” students from low-income communities with comprehensive multi-year supports proven to be critical in helping them stay in school and make the transition into healthy, successful and contributing adults.

the solution1
The Solution

K - 8

Grades 9 - 12

Post Secondary

Registration

Tutoring in core academic subjects

Group mentoring

Career mentoring & internships

1-to-1 mentoring and support

Financial assistance (bus tickets, lunch vouchers, etc.)

Scholarships

Volunteer participation in Pathways

Pathways Alumni Network

tutoring academic support
Tutoring/Academic Support

Compulsory; Twice a week based on Marks;

Gr. 9 60%; Gr.10 65%; Gr.11/12 70%

Grades 9-12+; English, French, Math, Natural Sciences and Social Sciences

Study Skills, Organizational Skills

Literacy/Numeracy, ESL; 1:1 for Special Ed; Computer Lab

250 Volunteer Tutors recruited for subjects and for diversity

why mentoring social support
Why Mentoring/Social Support

Social, rather than Academic, Development

Breaking down isolation Positive peer

relationships

Skills development: communication, problem-

solving, group dynamics and team building

Talent or Interest Development

Broadening opportunities to experience different

futures

forms of mentoring
Forms of Mentoring

Group Mentoring: Grades 9&10

Every Other Week;

½ activities designed by Pathways; other ½ by groups

Activities such as: trips, cooking, skating, discussions, etc.

Specialty Mentoring: Older Youth

Talent, Interest or Skills Development

Small Group or Individual

Periodic Reflection: How has it helped you move forward?

What have you learned that will help you withnext steps?

forms of mentoring continued
Forms of Mentoring - Continued

Career Mentoring – Preparing for Success After High School

College/University Applications/Decisions/Support

OYAP, Apprenticeship, Employment

Career “Mondays” – by field/area

Visits to Campuses/workplaces

Individual and/or small group mentors in particular field

Financial Literacy

Summer paid internships

why do we have financial supports
Why do we have financial supports?

Current support – because poverty is a defining characteristic of families and of the communities; because specific financial barriers were identified which made school attendance a challenge. $90/month TTC, Lunch vouchers.

Scholarships/bursaries – because financial barriers to post-secondary participation were identified and are real. $1000/year to $4000 max. ($500 in Quebec)

Both forms establish Pathways as credibly addressing real challenges, as able and willing to support the families, of making higher expectations real.

slide41
Student Parent

Support Workers

slide43
Pathways aims to change communities, not schools or families

Role is to support students, not change teachers or parents.

To change communities, need to include all the kids neither

“creaming” nor “targeting”; students not homogeneous

Success requires support for all years of high school

Constant adult presence normal aolescent development adults

other than parents

Self-esteem follows achievement; achievement follows expectations

and support, mediated by “discipline”

slide44

Kids from poverty are “normal”, not stereotypes and not to be “pathologized”

Need a range of adults since we don’t know when any given

student will need what kind/intensity of support or from whom

Intervening in the “space between” systems

The systems themselves need to be understood

Connections need knowledge of both kids and institutions

Success (especially for those from poverty) requires paying attention/being present, communicating clear message about expectations, providing concrete support, etc.

Intentionally, different staff backgrounds, not one professional culture.

pathways to education canada and program replication
Pathways to Education Canada and Program Replication
  • Created 2006 from “demand” and “moral obligation”
  • Independent Foundation
  • Mission: Purpose/Functions Organization
    • Transferring knowledge
    • Ensuring Program Quality and Outcomes
    • Supporting communities
the results
The Results

57%

Average reduction in academically at-risk students in Ontario after 1st year in program.

79%

Average reduction in dropout rates for program participants across first 5 cohorts in Regent Park.

87%

Average student participation rates across all sites.

Pre Pathways

Current

PrePathways

Current

Source: Pathways to Education Canada program reports as of July 2010

the results1
The Results

Pathways graduates experience attrition rates that are significantly lower than the national average.

400%

Average increase in student participation in post secondary education.

College Attrition Rates

University Attrition Rates

Current

Pathways

Pre Pathways

National Avg.

National Avg.

Pathways

Source: Pathways to Education Canada program reports as of July 2010

Source: Statistics Canada / Pathways program results as at July 2010

Unlocking the Unlimited Potential of Youth

what the experts are saying
What the Experts are Saying

Boston Consulting Group reports that $1 invested in Pathways generates a $25 return to society in terms of decreased social costs and an increased tax base.

McKinsey Company report on student retention and success in Quebec identifies Pathways as one of four programs most likely to reduce poverty and dropout rates in the Province of Quebec.

Monitor Group partner and author of the book “Forces for Good”, Heather McLeod Grant, says “never before have we seen such impressive results”.

United Nations independent expert on minority issues, Gay McDougall, highlights Pathways as one of the most outstanding educational models seen during her 2009 visit to Canada.

graduate results december 2009
Graduate Results (December 2009)
  • Overall H.S. Dropout Rate (Cohorts 1-5): 11.8% (101/858)
  • 18.9% of students from Cohorts 1-5 are still in school.
  • 593 Graduates from five cohorts.
  • 478 (80.6%) to Post-Secondary Programs.
  • Overall Attrition from Post-Secondary Programs = 4.4% (compared to attrition rates of 16% from Universities; 25% from Colleges in November 2008 Statistics Canada Study)
  • 33 Post-Secondary Grads to date (9 Univ; 24 College).
slide56

Four Key Factors…

  • Financial Preparedness – mix of loans/grants, how to do it
  • Academic Preparedness – incl. “right” courses/right level
  • Disposition – not simply from parents, peers, other adults
  • Relationships - Knowledge of Students AND Institutions
  • Values and organizational cultures – including “validation”
  • (at schools, PS, Pathways)
  • Creating a “post-secondary going culture”
slide57

Specific interventions designed to alleviate a narrow set of barriers—by targeting one kind of barrier, such as academic ability—will be limited in their effectiveness because they leave the other sources of the problem untouched.

Without a comprehensive approach to overcoming these barriers, it is unlikely that Canada will gain the post-secondary achievement necessary to chart a successful course in the 21st century.

(CMSF, The Price of Knowledge; 2007; p. 34)

slide60
What the Kids

Are Saying

slide61
98.5% expect to graduate high school

86.9% say Pathways helped them get better grades

84.0% say Pathways helped them to know how to ask for help when they need it

81.0% say Pathways helped them to believe that they can be successful at school

72.3%said that Pathways helped them try new things

slide64
According to the

Boston Consulting Group

The Social Return on Investment is $25 For Every Dollar Invested in Pathways

slide67

Include ALL kids

  • Activities need to be in the community
  • Blend of supports - not just one
  • Supports must continue regardless of
  • “school” programs
  • Consistency from staff (more than volunteers)
  • Commitment to success, raising expectations
  • Training and ongoing support, especially for volunteers (e.g. mentor debriefing; advanced tutoring techniques)
  • Don’t over-program (but provide everything!)
  • Accountability/Monitoring Results
  • Public as well as private funding is needed to sustain
slide68
Implementation

Principles

slide69

The Top-10

#1: Community Engagement

#2: Start with a credible community-based organization

#3: Include all the community’s children in the program

#4: Set program standards to ensure program integrity

#5: Develop a staff team

#6: Take an integrated and holistic approach

#7: Build and maintain quality relationships

#8: Measure and report outcomes

#9: Learnfrom best practices, experience and feedback

#10: Sustain a long-term commitment to Pathways

thank you
Thank You

Carolyn Acker, Founder

Pathways to Education Canada

E: cacker@pathwayscanada.ca

T: (416) 931-9629