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Youth Employment, Self Employment and S ustainable Development in the Pacific and Timor Leste How can Demand Training Respond? 27 – 29 September 2011 Novotel Hotel, Nadi , Fiji Islands David Lambukly – dlambukly@vanuatu.gov.vu

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slide1

Youth Employment, Self Employment and Sustainable Development in the Pacific and Timor Leste

How can Demand Training Respond?

27 – 29 September 2011

Novotel Hotel, Nadi, Fiji Islands

David Lambukly – dlambukly@vanuatu.gov.vu

Chief Executive Officer, Vanuatu National Training Council

vanuatu context
Vanuatu Context
  • Archipelago 83 islands stretching north to south over 1000 kms
  • Population 243,000
  • 80% population in rural areas primarily engaged in subsistence production
  • Small monetised sector predominantly in two urban centres – Port Vila and Luganville

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

vanuatu context cont
Vanuatu Context cont.
  • 40% population income <$1 per day
  • Highest Gini coefficient in the world
  • Adult literacy 32% - one of the lowest in the region
  • Limited access to secondary education – gross enrolment rate 20%
  • Recent impressive economic growth but limited progress in rural areas

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

tvet context
TVET Context
  • Traditionally a small sub-sector of education (0.7% of national budget compared to 28% for education overall)
  • Previously:
    • Institutionally based, supply driven
    • Limited rural reach
    • Weak link between economic growth and training
    • No coherent HRD planning
    • Minimal partnership between TVET and the productive sector
    • Minimal policy framework
    • Emerging quality training system and qualifications structure under Vanuatu National Training Council

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

slide5

CHALLENGES

  • Ensure improvement in the skills and management levels of the workforce – CRP 1997
  • Quality of training
  • Restricted access mainly for school leavers
  • Under-utilised facilities and small class sizes
  • Mainly full-time courses lasting several years
  • Formal delivery style – theory followed by practice
  • Qualifications specific to formal TVET system
  • Supply driven curricular
  • Limited rural reach

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

slide6

ESTABLISHMENT OF NTC

  • The NTC’s statutory powers and actions are determined by the Vanuatu National Training Council Act of 1999 and the VNTC Amendment Act of 2007.
  • The work of the VNTC is directed by a Board of 8 members drawn from:
      • Ministry of Youth Development, Sports and Training,
      • Department of Labour,
      • Vanuatu Chamber of Commerce and Industry,
      • Vanuatu National Council of Women,
      • Formal and non-formal training providers and associations.
    • concisely describe the unit of competency outcome.
    • Not exceed 100 characters including spaces between words.

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

key reponsibilities
KEY REPONSIBILITIES
  • To advocate strongly the benefits of the national training system and to support access by industry, communities, training providers and trainees.
  • To set up and administer a national TVET qualifications framework.
  • In consultation with industry set competency standards for any occupation, job, post, or position in any career situation.
  • Accredit TVET courses
  • To register persons, institutions and organisations providing accredited courses
  • To evaluate and recognise competencies learnt outside formal Training.
  • To set up and support Provincial Training Boards in each province in order for them to assist national policy

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

slide8

To set up and support Provincial Training Boards in each province .

  • To develop appropriate policies on technical vocational education and training in response to emerging priorities for skills development.
  • To provide guidance in the interpretation and operationalisation of TVET policy.
  • To contribute to regional and global developments in TVET and apply these as appropriate to the Vanuatu TVET system.
  • Providing training options that help all people in Vanuatu to achieve their career and personal ambitions

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

some successes
SOME SUCCESSES
  • Trust on credibility of TVET courses by industries and communities
  • TVET courses are developed based on demands from industries and communities
  • Accredited short courses for rural people
  • Flexibility in TVET course delivery
  • Increase in self – employment and economic activities for rural people.

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

flexible quality demand driven training delivery
FLEXIBLE, QUALITY DEMAND DRIVEN TRAINING DELIVERY

Government of Vanuatu/AusAID response:

Dual Objectives:

  • To strengthen decentralised TVET service delivery to better link training to skill demands in the productive sector
  • To strengthen the development of a quality-based national training system
  • Employment and Training Fund (ETF) piloted in Vanuatu as part of the AusAID - funded TVET Sector Strengthening Program (2008-12)
  • Program based in two provincial locations where “TVET Centres” have been established

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

slide11

Ministry of Youth Development, Sports and Training (MYDST)

  • Vanuatu National Training Council (VNTC)
  • Strategic Advisory Group – national level productive sector representation
  • TVET Centres positioned alongside Provincial Training Boards (PTBs) – decentralised arm of VNTC
  • PTBs – provincial planners and productive sector representation to improve coordination and guide shift to demand driven training

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

etf key features
ETF – Key Features
  • TVET Centres operating within the framework of the national quality based TVET system under the MYDST and VNTC
  • ETF funding mechanism for two provincial TVET Centres which offer range of training services
  • AUD1.5 million for two provinces over 3 years to finance accredited training and business development services

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

etf key objectives
ETF – Key Objectives
  • Leverage partnerships between demand and supply stakeholders
  • Leverage stronger link between training delivery and economic outcomes
  • Leverage quality training within the National Qualifications Framework

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

etf key principles
ETF – Key Principles
  • Only training providers registered with the VNTC can access the ETF
  • Only units of competency accredited by the VNTC can be delivered under the ETF
  • ETF disbursement governed by ETF Selection Committee comprising key members of the PTB – Chair, Provincial Planner, rotating productive sector representative

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

etf training request selection criteria
ETF – Training Request Selection Criteria
  • Key criteria:
    • Training must be in support of an economic activity
    • Activity is in line with provincial economic development priorities
    • Clear link between skill acquisition and economic outcomes (increased income, productivity, employment levels)
    • Activity has no negative environmental impact

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

monitoring and evaluation
Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Baseline data collected at the beginning of every ETF training to capture:
    • Participant demographics
    • Participant employment status
  • Follow-up “tracer” data collected six month after training completion to determine changes in trainee employment/ income/ production levels

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

changes in income and production as at june 2011
Changes in income and production as at June 2011

Results - Training

ETF Trainees

Sanma

ETF Trainees

Malampa

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

slide18

Results - Training

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

results training
Results - Training

ETF Participants by Age

2010 – May 2011

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

system results
System Results
  • Strengthening of a demand-driven system
      • ETF training requests coming from productive sector representatives in line with sectoral development priorities.
      • Catalyst for training providers to gear development and delivery of courses
    • Strengthening of a national training system based on quality
      • Increased numbers of training providers registered with the VNTC and accredited course.

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

system results cont
System Results cont.
  • Strengthening of a national training system based on flexible delivery mechanisms and equitable access
    • Training providers delivering nationally recognised single units outside of institutions in provincial “work-based” locations
    • Trainees able to build towards a full qualification over time without constraints of time and place
    • Increased access by women and people with disabilities through targeted programs

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future

future directions
Future Directions
  • Proven model of demand-driven training coordination which can be replicated across the country within national framework
  • Based on this model, national TVET policy specifies:
    • Roll-out of TVET Centres
    • Feasibility of a National Training Fund

ETFP TVET

.....Votre Voie pour un Avenir Meilleur .... Your Way For a Better Future