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The Salem Witchcraft Trials. Salem Village, Massachusetts 1692-1693. Events Enhancing the Witchcraft Hysteria. Puritan religious beliefs: predestination, the devil Small pox epidemic Nearby Tribal (Native American) warfare. The Beginning….

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the salem witchcraft trials

The Salem Witchcraft Trials

Salem Village, Massachusetts


events enhancing the witchcraft hysteria
Events Enhancing the Witchcraft Hysteria
  • Puritan religious beliefs: predestination, the devil
  • Small pox epidemic
  • Nearby Tribal (Native American) warfare
the beginning
The Beginning…
  • 1689 Samuel Parris and family move to Salem Village; Village minister
  • February 1692 Betty Parris (daughter) ill with strange symptoms
  • Ann Putnam, Mercy Lewis, Mary Walcott (friends) reveal odd behavior as well
  • Tituba concocts cake made of urine and rye as counter magic
  • Late February Tituba, Sara Good, and Sara Osborne accused of witchcraft
symptoms of the victims
Symptoms of the Victims
  • Creating grotesque poses
  • Frozen poses
  • Biting and pinching sensations
  • Claimed to see witches flying in air
  • Rotten food
  • Animal birth deformities
  • Violent Pains
  • Speak in gibberish
the arrest
The Arrest

Warrant for the arrest of Elizabeth Proctor and Sarah Cloyce

the dead
The Dead
  • 19 Convicted witches executed (hanged)
  • 4 (accounted for) died in prison; 13 more possible
  • 1 pressed to death
  • 100-200 others arrested and imprisoned
  • 2 dogs killed as suspected accomplices
the end
The End

Autumn 1692 doubts developed

Writings of Increase Mather and Samuel Willard influenced people

Order courts to exclude spectral evidence=guilt from “clear and convincing evidence”

Public apologies

Sir William Phips 1st Governor of Massachusetts replaced by William Stoughton who wanted to “clear the land” of witches