MAET 2009 Year 2. Week 1 Day 3 Behaviorism. Behaviorism. Cognitivism. Socioculturalism. Learning Theorists. Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Guthrie, Hull, Tolman, Skinner. Koffka, Kohler, Gagne, Piaget, Ausubel,. Bandura, Salomon. View of the learning process. Change in behavior.
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Week 1 Day 3
Thorndike, Pavlov, Watson, Guthrie, Hull, Tolman, Skinner
Koffka, Kohler, Gagne, Piaget, Ausubel,
View of the learning process
Change in behavior
Internal mental process (including insight, information processing, memory, perception
Interaction /observation in social contexts. Movement from the periphery to the center of a community of practice
Locus of learning
Stimuli in external environment
Internal cognitive structuring
Learning is in relationship between people and environment.
Purpose in education
Produce behavioral change in desired direction
Develop capacity and skills to learn better
Full participation in communities of practice and utilization of resources
Arranges environment to elicit desired response
Structures content of learning activity
Works to establish communities of practice in which conversation and participation can occur.
Manifestations in adult learning
Competency -based education
Skill development and training
Intelligence, learning and memory as function of age
Learning how to learn
Classical conditioning: Pavlov’s dog – pairing NS with UCS to get CR
Operant conditioning:Skinner – positive and negative reinforcement; punishment