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A Crisis with a Child’s Face

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  1. A Crisis with a Child’s Face

  2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE • A. TWO EMERGENCIES • B. WHAT IS UNICEF DOING? • Nutrition • Health • Water Sanitation & Hygiene • Child Protection • Education • C. HOW YOU CAN HELP UNICEF

  3. A. There are two emergencies in Kenya: 1. Northern Kenya : • Marginalization of communities • Repeated droughts • Pastoralists used to living with drought every 5-10 years, the time in between was used to re-build livestock and food supply • Now there is a shorter drought cycle, more frequent and more intense • Climate change and environmental degradation

  4. Northern Kenya

  5. Northern Kenya (Lodwar District Hospital – Stabilization Unit)

  6. Who is most affected? • The most vulnerable in both emergencies • Children under 5 • School aged children • Children from poor households • Unaccompanied children at risk of GBV • Orphans • Pregnant and lactating mothers • The elderly • People in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands in Northern Kenya Northern Kenya (Lodwar District Hospital)

  7. A. There are two emergencies in Kenya (con’td): 2. Dadaab: • Kenya host to Somali refugees for almost 20 years in Dadaab camp and in host community • Refugees fleeing famine and insecurity in Southern Somalia • Dadaab has 3 camps – Dagahaley, Hagadera and Ifo • These camps have space for 90,000 but there are over 400,000 refugees • The Government recently opened a new camp Ifo 2 to accommodate 40,000 more refugees • Highly congested and unsanitary • About 8,000 refugees arrive every week • Most of them women and children who are acutely severely malnourished.

  8. Dadaab

  9. Dadaab

  10. Dadaab

  11. B. What is UNICEF doing? MANAGEMENT OF MALNUTRITION • Provided, 24,096 malnourished, pregnant and lactating women with supplementary feeding • With partners, scaling life-saving interventions to reach 20,000 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition, 82,000 children under 5 with moderate acute malnutrition in Therapeutic Feeding Programmes • Continuous provision of supplies and technical support to health facilities e.g. 2,200 cartons of Ready- to-Use Foods (RUTF) airlifted from Europe reaching 2,500 severely-malnourished children

  12. Management of acute malnutrition

  13. We have a child survival crisis • Lack of food and water resulting in moderate and severely acute malnutrition • Outbreaks of diarrhoeal diseases • Cholera • Outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases – polio and measles • Screening for weight for height

  14. Mother feeding moderately malnourished child Plumpy Nut

  15. Health • Integrated immunization campaigns for measles, polio, deworming and Vitamin A, for 144,000 children • 15,000 newly-arrived refugees immunized • Procurement of 15 emergency kits (containing antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs and oral rehydration salts) – treating 10,000 people per month • 462 measles cases being treated in Garissa, Moyale, Mandera, Marsabit, Pokot, Samburu, Turkana and Wajir • Emergency drugs distributed to Turkana District

  16. Integrated Immunization Campaign

  17. Immunization (measles)

  18. Immunization (polio drops)

  19. Immunization (vitamin A)

  20. Water Sanitation and Hygiene • Water provided for about 22,000 refugees, by providing 1,600 jerricans and 2 water bladders (10,000 ltrs each) • Water supplies for 60,000 people (2.3 million chlorine tablets, 900,000 purification sachets, 23,000 buckets, 3,000 water filters and 31,000 bars of soap) • Agreement with NGOs to dig 5 shallow wells and to train water users’ committees in Marsabit district • Improvement of community boreholes with cattle troughs, water kiosks and distribution networks (Labisigele – near the Kenya Somali border)

  21. Filling up jerricans at water points

  22. Child Protection • Enhancing and scaling up child protection services in Dadaab refugee camp and Turkana district through existing partnerships • 700 children benefited from protective services in existing child protection centres e.g. Eldoret (children trekking from Turkana to Eldoret in search of basic social services) • Tents and 18 kits containing sports equipment and toys provided for the child-friendly spaces in Dadaab • Through the child-friendly spaces, Save the Children and UNICEF have reached 2,155 vulnerable children with psychosocial support and other services • Supply of DIGNITY KITS for girls and women

  23. Children playing in a child-friendly space

  24. In the camps children are always at risk

  25. Education • Negotiations under way to construct low cost structures in already congested school and on the outskirts occupied by newly-arrived refugees • 20 temporary learning spaces/classroom setups, 100 Education kits provided for 5,000 students, 60,000 Somali textbooks, 100 Early Childhood Development kits for 5,000 children at community level and 64 recreation kits provided to 6,400 children and young people in Dadaab • Supporting conversion of boarding schools where attendance is very low to keep girls in school • For example, in Fafi district, only 18% of children are in school of which 9% are girls

  26. Critical need for learning spaces

  27. Critical need for learning spaces

  28. How you can help UNICEF

  29. UNICEF EMERGENCY RESPONSE LIST

  30. UNICEF EMERGENCY RESPONSE LIST

  31. UNICEF EMERGENCY RESPONSE LIST

  32. THANK YOU!