Characteristics of Poetry • Poems are usually divided into lines and then grouped into stanzas • Figurative language states ideas in new, creative ways • Sound devices enhance mood
Figurative Language • Metaphor • Personification • Simile • Symbol
Metaphor • Describes one thing saying it is something else as in: The house was a zoo this morning!
Personification • Gives human qualities to something that is not human, as in: The cars growled in the traffic.
Simile • To use the words like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things, as in: He stormed into the meeting like a tornado.
Symbol • A symbol is anything that represents something else, as in: A dove is a common symbol for peace.
Sound Devices • Alliteration is the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in: Copying homework begins the swift, slippery slope to academic dishonesty.
Repetition • The use of any element of language—a sound, a word, phrase, clause, or sentence—more than once, as in: Mary had a little lamb, little lamb, little lamb.
Assonance • The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in: Try to light the fire.
Consonance • The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in: I will standon the beach in the wind andthe sand.
Onomatopoeia • The use of words that imitate sounds, as in: There was a loud crash as the baseball shattered the window.
Rhyme • The repetition of sounds at the ends of words, as in: Winning the crown will eliminate your frown!
Meter • The rhythmic pattern in a poem, as in: Twinkle, twinkle little star, How I wonder what you are. Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky.
Forms of Poetry • Narrative • Haiku • Free Verse • Lyric • Ballad • Concrete • Limerick • Rhyming couplets
Narrative • Narrative poetry tells a story. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and character.
Haiku • Haiku is three line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines have five syllables, and the second line has seven syllables. • Usually nature-themed. O, foolish ducklings, you know my old green pond is watched by a weasel!
Free Verse • Free verse poetry is defined by its lack of strict structure. • It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern. once a snowflake fell on my brow and i loved it so much and i kissed it and it was happy and called its cousins and brothers and a web of snow engulfed me then i reached to love them all and i squeezed them and they became a spring rain and i stood perfectly still and was a flower
Lyrics and Ballads • Lyric poetry expresses thoughts and feelings • Ballads are songlike poems that tell a story, often dealing with romance and adventure
Concrete • Concrete poems are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines of the poem to create a picture on the page
Limericks • Limericks are humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme. There once was a girl from Troy She always tried to annoy She looked like a moose She laughed like a goose She’s the kid we all should avoid!
Rhyming Couplets • Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length I cannot go to school today Said little Peggy Ann McKay I have the measles and the mumps A gash, a rash, and purple bumps!