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Chapter 6 Section 3. Roy Burks Clay Mosley Nick Westfall Will White Ty Wilkinson Patrick Wray. Cooperation and Conflict. -Level of cooperation between Congress and the president have varied throughout history

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Chapter 6 section 3

Chapter 6 Section 3

Roy Burks

Clay Mosley

Nick Westfall

Will White

Ty Wilkinson

Patrick Wray

Cooperation and conflict
Cooperation and Conflict

  • -Level of cooperation between Congress and the president have varied throughout history

  • -Best relations exist between two branches when President makes few demands on Congress

  • -Recent Presidents have found it hard to work with Congress

Constituents and conflict
Constituents and Conflict

  • National electorate chooses presidents they believe will carry out policies that are in the best interest of the nation

  • Voters choose whoever they feel meet their particular interests

  • Senators and Representatives often differ with the president about public policy

Checks balances
Checks & Balances

  • Gives the Congress and the President the power to counteract each other.

  • If the president threatens to veto a law congress can over ride the veto because their state or district may benefit from it.

Political politics
Political Politics

  • If one party controls the White House and the other party controls House and the Senate.

  • The President’s party rarely controls the Congress

  • If the legislative Branch and the executive branch are opposites than it is called a “gridlock”

Organization as a cause for conflict
Organization as a Cause for Conflict

  • Unlimited debate in the senate can be used to block legislation

    • Even if the Congressional leaders support the legislation, they still have to work hard to get presidential initiatives passed.

  • Committee chairpersons can prevent a bill from reaching the floor by blocking or changing it while it is still in the committee or subcommittee.

    • Often a committee wit try to revise, delay or defeat a bill they do not want passed.

Different political timetables
Different Political Timetables

  • Conflicts occur when the president and Congress have different timetables

    • President has three years to work with

    • A congress person has years to do what they want.

      • Because they are not limited to terms they can think in terms of years.

    • Because they have more time Congress can sit on legislation they do not want and take as much time as they need to delay a bill.

The struggle for power
The Struggle for Power

  • There has always been a struggle for power between the President and the Congress

  • It certain periods, a branch will dominate and that can depend on political issues, politically  savy  and popularity of the president. 

  • In times of crisis Congress has given extra power to the President.

  • With that power some Presidents have declared martial law, seized property, and controlled transportation and communications. 

  • Time and time again presidents have used state of emergencies to gain a bit more power.

  • The National Emergencies Act ended the ability of the President to have a state of emergency longer than one year. 

  • "In 2001 George W. Bush used his authority under this act to selectively suspend, if necessary, the law that permitted a military officer to retire."

    • Sidenote: Hitler used State of Emergency to come to power in Germany.

Congressional budget and impoundment control act
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act

  • The national budget is the yearly financial plan for the national government.

  • In the mid 1900’s, the president had more power in planning the national budget.

  • In 1974, congress passed the Congressional Budget and the Impoundment Control Act.

  • The act made a permanent budget committee for each house.

  • The act also created the Congressional Budget Office (CBO).

  • The act limited the president’s ability to impound funds

  • Impoundment is the president's refusal to spend money on programs congress voted to fund.

Legislative veto
Legislative Veto

  • In 1970’s, congress reasserted themselves and identified the importance of the legislative veto.

  • The legislative veto is a useful power that is a effective check on the executive branch.

  • Many people think that the legislative veto is too powerful and that it is a violation of the separation of powers

  • Congress is currently looking for a alternative to the legislative veto.