Agenda • Hwk:Pg 227 Cause and Effect (1 and 2) • Industry Growth (Read page 220) • Why Study History? (Pg 226) • The Computer Revolution Article • Chart Factory System • Notes-Whitney, inter-changable parts, Beginning of America’s roads system, canals, and steam power. • Map of the US expansion • Review
Why study History?-Pg226 • 1-A: Name one result of the Industrial Rev.? • Way people lived, leisure time, etc. • 1-B: Name two results of the Computer Rev.? • Research easier, Chat online-Socialization, etc. • 2: Do you think computers will lead to greater or less contact between people? Explain. • Socialization changed-physical interaction down, communication still increasing.
8 Steps of Spinning Mill • 1. Wagons-raw mat. • 2. Fast water-turns wheel • 3. Turning water powers wheel shaft • 4. Turn belts drive mill machinery • 5. Carding mach. come cotton fiber • 6. Machines make cotton ropelike • 7. Turn to thread then bobbin • 8. Wagons takeaway
3 Facts about Slater and the 1st Am. Mill • 1. Stole Arkwright’s water frame to US for reward • 2. Built factory with Moses Brown, Quaker, in RI • 3. Huge success
3 Facts on Lowell's Factory Town • 1. What is the minimum age for working in PA? • 14 unless on a farm, 12 Caddy, 11 newspaper, 7 Theater, Model, TV, none for movies. • How many hours can under 18 year olds work? • 4 hrs not before 7am or after 7pm each day, 8 hrs during the summer • 16-17 year olds, 28 week no more than 8 hrs a day, 44 week 8 hrs a day during summer • 1. Francis Cabot Lodge spinning and weaving together • 2. Factory Town • 3. Lowell Girls
Eli Whitney-Write on a lined piece of paper • Interchangeable Parts • Ex. Muskets • Today • Used in Assembly Line, almost all industries-Computers to furniture
Beginning of US Road System • Turnpikes created-tolls to pay for construction • Lancaster Turnpike -1790’s • Covered Bridges-Oley, etc. • National Road System-1806 • Adapted during Cold War-Nuclear Attack
Fulton and Canals • 1807 launches steamboat “Clermont” • Allows for cheap trans. of goods and people. • Canal-artificial channel • Erie Canal • Panama Canal-important today shipping across Oceans
Expanding US Borders! • Use pages 231 and 234 to locate and draw the following States, Roads, and Canals. • *You will have a map on the quiz and will need to locate some of these identifications*
Review • How did the Industrial Rev. impact people? • What idea did Lodge have? • How were interchangeable parts important to industry? • How did Steam power and canals help America?
Agenda • Hwk: Pg 238 (1-2) • Check and Review Hwk Pg 227 • If Needed: Time for Maps/Review • Clay Vs Calhoun Vs Webster • Tariffs then and Today! Article • Notes on Sectionalism, Important Court Cases, Movements Latin/South America, Monroe Doctrine, Corrupt Bargain? • Webquest on Andrew Jackson • Review
Hwk: Cause and Effect Pg 227 (1-2) • What inventions and ideas contributed to the spread of the Industrial Rev? • British idea of Spinning Mill reach US, interchangeable parts • Do you think the impact of the Industrial Rev. was positive or negative? Give Reasons. • Overall pos-US #1 economy today, we have high living standard, but neg. child labor, problems of poor cities.
Expanding US Borders! 2 4 • Identify the following states, roads, and canals. 7 6 5 3 2 1 1 1-4: States 5-6: Roads 7: Canal
John C. Calhoun • From: • South Carolina • Fought for: • War of 1812 • States Rights over Fed Government.
Daniel Webster • From: • New Hampshire • Fought for: • Against War of 1812 • Federal Gov. expanding to help economy.
Henry Clay • From: • Kentucky • Fought for: • Strengthening of Fed. Gov. • Was a War Hawk
Tariffs-(Turn to page 238, read section on Tariffs) Tariffs Today! • What is dumping? • Flood goods in a market at low prices. • What are tariffs? • Protect industries from foreign trade (1820’s-British)
Sectionalism-Write on lined piece of paper • Sectionalism: • Loyalty to one’s state or region over the nation as a whole.
Court Cases • McCulloch Vs. Maryland • States could not interfere with Fed. institutions (ex. Bank). • Gibbon Vs. Ogden • Fed. Gov regulate trade between states. • Both increased power of Fed. Gov!
Movements- Latin and S. America • Creoles: • Born in American from Spanish parents. • Won Mexico independence 1821. • Simon Bolivar • “Liberator” • Defeated Spanish-gained freedom for Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.
Monroe Doctrine • Monroe Doctrine: • US would not interfere with European nations and their colonies as long as they did not with the newly independent nations of C/S America.
Corrupt Bargain • Election of 1824: • John Q. Adams Vs. Andrew Jackson • Intelligence Vs. the Common People • Jackson won Popular Vote • Tie with Electoral Vote • House of Rep. voted for Adams for President • Done according to Const. but people unhappy 2000 Election Click Here
Andrew Jackson Webquest:http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/timeline/timelineO.cfm
Review • How did the Industrial Rev. impact people? • How were Calhoun, Webster, and Clay different from one another? • How are tariffs important to the US? • What is Sectionalism? • What was the Monroe Doctrine?
Agenda • Hwk: Quiz Friday, work on Project. • Check and Review Hwk Pg 238 • Andrew Jackson Webquest • God’s and Generals Video • What if the Civil War turned out differently? Part I • If Time: The World’s of the North and South Webquest • Review
Hwk: Pg 238 (1-2) • 1-A: According to the Chart, how much would 100 rolls of British cloth cost before the tariff? • $500 • 1-B: How much would they cost after the Tariff? • $625 • 2: Why did Southerners object to the tariff? • Send cotton to Britain, so they could have a retaliatory tariff on the US
Andrew Jackson Webquest:http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/timeline/timelineO.cfm
Gods and Generals • Where did Jackson say he would give all his strength and effort to? • What position is Robert E. Lee given? • Beg, quote, skip to scene 3
World's of North and South • Go to http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215469/sectional_division.htm and follow the directions.
Review • How did the British use dumping on America in the 1820’s? • What happened during the Trail of Tears? • How did Jackson view the Federal Bank? • How was the North different than the South?
Agenda • Hwk: Quiz Friday, work on Project. • Finish reading What if? 1st Day • God’s and Generals-Stonewall’s Stand • The World’s of the North and South Webquest • Slavery and Election of 1860 Notes • Review
Gods and Generals • Stonewall’s Stand at the 1st Battle of Bull Run. • Why did Jackson say was the reason he was unafraid? • Scene 10
World's of North and South • Go to http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0215469/sectional_division.htm and follow the directions. • Click Here for Review
Cotton Gin • Made by Eli Whitney • Separated Cotton Seeds from Fibers • Allowed workers to produce larger amounts of cotton. • Revival of Slavery
Slavery in the South • In 1860: • 32% of Population of South are slaves. • Owned by 16% of Southerners. • 50% of Southerners do not own slaves.
Abolitionists • Dred Scott • Sued for Freedom b/c lived in Free State • Lost-Overturned the Missouri Compromise • William Lloyd Garrison • Newspaper the Liberator • Fredrick Douglass • Free Slave, Speeches, Newspaper the North Star
Underground Railroad • North ignored-Civil Disobedience-Fugitive Slave Laws • System of escape routes leading to freedom • Harriet Tubman was most famous • An escaped slave • Returned to the South over 20 times to help others
Slave Rebellions Made Southerners afraid of Slaves! • John Brown’s rebellion at Harper’s Ferry • A white abolitionist-wanted to start slave rebellion • Caught, tried, and hanged • Nat Turner’s Revolt • Led an attack killing 57 people • He and others were caught, tried in court, and hanged
Agenda • Hwk: None. • Notes on 1860 and Review • Quiz • Project • Project must be finished/and hand in Note-Cards today! • Review
Abraham Lincoln • Republican candidate • Against the SPREAD of slavery • Promised not to stop slavery in the South where it was already practiced. • Said he hoped it would one day END there, too. Abe says: No Slavery beyond this point!
The worried South. . . • Many in the South were afraid if Lincoln were elected, slavery would be outlawed. • Some even said they would LEAVE the Union if Lincoln was elected. Lincoln In...We're OUT
Lincoln is Elected • Lincoln wins electorate and popular vote • Right after election 1860 South Carolina’s leaders seceded from the Union. • Later SIX other southern states seceded: • Mississippi • Florida • Alabama • Georgia • Louisiana • Texas
Confederate States of America • South Carolina • Mississippi • Florida • Louisiana • Alabama • Georgia • Texas Jefferson Davis-President
Review • How was Stonewall Jackson important for the confederate cause? • How was the North and South different before the war? • How was the Cotton Gin important towards Slavery? • What was Abe Lincoln’s view of Slavery before he was elected?