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The Birth of a Nation Chapter 2. Mrs. C Strickland and Ms. K Boring. Location and Standard. Standard: USHC 1—The student will demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts between regional and national interest in the development of democracy in the United States. Indicators:

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The birth of a nation chapter 2

The Birth of a NationChapter 2

Mrs. C Strickland and Ms. K Boring

Location and standard
Location and Standard

  • Standard:

    • USHC 1—The student will demonstrate an understanding of the conflicts between regional and national interest in the development of democracy in the United States.

  • Indicators:

    • USHC-1.2 (representative government, English impact)

    • USHC-1.3 (Declaration of Independence, American Revolution)

    • USHC-1.4 (Articles of Confederation, Constitution of 1787, Philadelphia Convention, ratification of the US Constitution)

    • USHC-1.5 (Constitution’s protections, Bill of Rights, federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances)

    • USHC-1.6 (two-party system, George Washington, Federalists)

    • USHC-1.7 (John Marshall, Supreme Court, national government)

  • EOC Book Location: pgs. 35-60

  • Text Book Location: pgs. 83-199

The founding fathers
The “Founding Fathers”

  • political leaders/statesmen who were in the American Revolution:

    • signed the United States Declaration of Independence

    • In the American Revolutionary War

    • Established the United States Constitution

      • “Framer” (statesmen who created the Constitution)

There s a new school in town
There’s a New School In Town

Westside High School—

  • All school rules will apply PLUS:

  • Any referral will result in a $100.00 fine (tax).

  • Any D or F gained in a class will require Saturday school AND summer school plus a fine of $25 per D or F PER semester.

  • Paper fee/tax for papers

  • Cell phones and iPods will be confiscated and crushed.

  • One fight will result in immediate expulsion

Anderson Democratic Charter High School—

  • Student will vote on new school policies.

  • Students will not be fined for Ds or Fs.

  • There will be no AP or honors courses.

  • There will be no sports programs.

I loyalist or patriot

Loyalist: colonist who remained loyal to the Crown (Great Britain)

I. Loyalist or Patriot?

Patriot: colonist who wanted to break from England

Loyalist or patriot
Loyalist or Patriot? Britain)

  • “Gentlemen may cry, Peace, Peace-- but there is no peace. The war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps from the north will bring to our ears the clash of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!”

    (P. Henry)

Loyalist or patriot1
Loyalist Britain) or Patriot?

  • "If I must be enslaved, let it be by a KING at least, and not by a parcel of upstart, lawless Committeemen. If I must be devoured, let me be devoured by the jaws of a lion, and not gnawed to death by rats and vermin". (S. Seabury)

Early colonial circumstances 1600s 1700s
Early Colonial Circumstances (1600s-1700s) Britain)

  • Colonists wanted democracy:

    • Each colony established a representative assembly with a right to levy taxes

      • By the American Revolution, most colonies were changed to royal colonies

  • England’s Problems and a Change of Thinking:

    • English Civil War (1642-1651)

    • King James II was overthrown in the Glorious Revolution, replaced by William and Mary (1688)

      • Parliament gains rights

    • After the GR, John Locke pushes natural rights, social contract, authority of government in the hands of the people

Colonial and english tensions build
Colonial and English Tensions Build… Britain)

1754—The French and Indian War:

Britain fought against France and its Native American allies for land in the United States

1660-England started the NAVIGATION ACTS: British colonies could only sell certain goods to England. The few goods allowed to be sold to other countries were taxed.


The War for Independence

Late 1600s—

Europe = mercantilism.

England needed colonies for favorable balance of trade.

Export MORE than import.

After 1720—

England allowed the colonies to control themselves (Salutary neglect)

--Colonies taxed themselves (except Nav. Acts)

--Had their own governments

1754 the french and indian war
1754—The French and Indian War: Britain)

  • England Struggles at First:

    • Guerrilla warfare VS. gentleman’s warfare.

  • ACTIVITY: View this video clip. Create a T-Chart to compare guerilla and gentleman’s warfare. You will put THREE qualities on each side which make the warfare's DIFFERENT. As you watch the clip, you will decide the qualities of each warfare. *The British use gentleman’s and the Native Americans use guerrilla.

T chart example three different qualities
T-Chart Example Britain)(Three different qualities)



Growl when they feel threatened

enjoy chasing cars

Bark to warn

  • Purr when happy

  • Independent

  • Like to sleep in high places

Video clip

  • Last of the Mohicans:

    • Time:

    • 15:28-21:25

    • 1:11:50-1:20:20

1754 the french and indian war1
1754—The French and Indian War: Britain)

  • 9 years of fighting = HUGE debt for England

  • France finally gave up claims to Canada and all land East of the Mississippi

  • France’s defeat = England is the ONLY true colonial power.

B/c of this huge debt, England abandons salutary neglect and starts to enforce mercantilism and taxes on the colonists.

Colonial and english tensions build1
Colonial and English Tensions Build… Britain)

1763—Proclamation of 1763 issued by King George III.

(forbade colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains—MANY ignored this request)

The War for Independence

1760—Writs of Assistance started being issued.

Writs of Assistance: general search warrants allowing British authorities to search whatever they wanted for any reason.

Main use—board and search colonial ship to enforce the Navigation Acts. (Smuggling)

Supposed to be for the good of the people, because the Native Americans were attacking the settlers there.

Colonial and english tensions build2
Colonial and English Tensions Build… Britain)

While the colonists have been upset and felt like their rights were being taken away—these new laws and taxes INFURIATED them.

King of England/Parliament:



The War for Independence

1760s—Laws and Taxes Passed By Parliament(to pay for the French and Indian War).

~The Quartering Act, The Stamp Act, The Declaratory Act, Townshend Acts…etc.

The Colonists

Activity the colonial english law book
Activity Britain): The Colonial English Law Book

  • Each page of your law booklet will include:

    • the name of the law

    • its explanation of how colonists are required to act because of the law.

    • One colored picture which will help the reader understand the law

    • *You will need your Chrome Books or phone to look this up.

  • You are creating a Colonial English Law Book.

  • You will need to include:

    • the Sugar Act of 1764

    • the Quartering Act of 1765

    • the Stamp Act of 1765

    • the Declaratory Act of 1766

    • The Townshend Acts of 1767

The sugar act of 1764
The Sugar Act of 1764 Britain)

  • Importation duties placed on sugar, molasses, wine, silk, cloth, tropical fruits (indirect tax)

The quartering act of 1765
The Quartering Act of 1765 Britain)

  • Colonists were required to supply and house British soldiers in North America.

The stamp act of 1765
The Stamp Act of 1765 Britain)

  • Taxed nearly all printed material, by requiring it to bear a government stamp. (DIRECT tax)

The stamp act of 17651
The Stamp Act of 1765 Britain)

  • The Stamp Act Congress

    • Delegates met together after the Stamp Act

    • James Otis: “No taxation without representation!”

      • Colonists had no representation in Parliament, and Parliament was taxing them!

      • Protest: Colonies imposed a boycott of British goods.

        • To refuse to use or buy certain goods/services

Declaratory act of 1766
Declaratory Act of 1766 Britain)

  • Stated that Parliament had the authority to impose laws on the colonies.

    • Ended the Stamp Act, but passed the Declaratory Act on the SAME day.

  • Underlying Tone: England was implying that it expected the colonists to comply with Britain and her laws

The townshend acts of 1767
The Townshend Acts of 1767 Britain)

  • Taxed imported goods like glass and tea

    • The colonial reaction to this was so violent, that British troops were sent in mass to Boston.

The sons of liberty also daughters of liberty
The Sons of Liberty Britain)(Also—Daughters of Liberty)

  • Formed after Stamp Act, heavily involved after the Townshend Acts

  • Group of radical patriots formed to protect the rights of the colonists, “secret” society, headed by Samuel Adams— “The Father of Independence”

  • Enforced the boycotts by using violence

  • Common Form of Violence: shop smashing, house burning, tar and feathering, hangings

The birth of a nation chapter 2

  • Video Clip: Britain)Tar & Feathers ohn Adams Tar and Feather Scene:


Colonial and english tensions build3
Colonial and English Tensions Build… Britain)

1770—The Boston Massacre: British soldiers felt threatened by a mob of angry protesters and fired shots that left several colonists dead.


Video clip1
Video Clip: Britain)

  • The Boston Massacre Reenactment Explanation—”Revolution in Boston”

Colonial and english tensions build4
Colonial and English Tensions Build… Britain)

5 Acts of Coercive Acts:

Boston Port Act—closed down Boston Port

Massachusetts Government Act—brought the control of the Massachusetts government into the hands of the British government

Administration of Justice Act—allowed governor to move trials of royal officials to England

The Quartering Act—troops could be quartered in homes/buildings

The Quebec Act—took some land away from the colonies.

1773—The Boston Tea Party: Sons of Liberty and other radicals raided ships and threw British tea overboard


The War for Independence

1773—The Coercive/Intolerable Acts: English Parliament response to Boston Tea Party, called “intolerable” by the colonists due to harshness

Colonial and english tensions build5

July 4 1776—The Declaration of Independence Britain): Second Continental Congress declared independence from England

1776 (January)—Common Sense: Thomas Paine publishes the famous pamphlet and the case for independence. Many were swayed to the cause.

1775—Second Continental Congress: meet to discuss and find a resolution with England, peace instead of war

Colonial and English Tensions Build…

1775—Lexington and Concord: British went to seize colonial arms at Concord and were met by colonial militia at Lexington.

“Shot heard round the world”

1774—First Continental Congress: every colony EXCEPT Georgia sent representatives to deal with crisis.

*Sent letter to king—stating they had no representation so should govern themselves – direct result of the Intolerable acts!


The War for Independence

Video clip2
Video Clip: Britain)

  • First Continental Congress—America The Story of Us

  • The Boston Tea Party—America the Story of Us

The declaration of independence
The Declaration of Independence Britain)

  • Author: Thomas Jefferson

    • Egalitarianism—idea that all men are created equal

    • Inalienable rights—natural rights that the government could not take away

      • “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”

    • Included a list of complaints against the king

  • Influenced By: John Locke and the Enlightenment

The declaration of independence problems and contradictions
The Declaration of Independence Problems and Contradictions Britain)

  • Problem 1: Colonies became states and made their OWN constitutions

The declaration of independence problems and contradictions1
The Declaration of Independence Problems and Contradictions Britain)

  • Activity:What is the second problem/great contradiction?

  • Using the Declaration of Independence, you will on your own discover what the second problem is…please follow directions.

The declaration of independence problems and contradictions2
The Declaration of Independence Problems and Contradictions Britain)



The declaration of independence problems and contradictions3
The Declaration of Independence Problems and Contradictions Britain)

  • Problem 2: The Great Contradiction

  • all men are created equal?

    • Slaves?

    • Natives?

    • Women?

    • Minorities?

  • The DOI would spark debates that would eventually lead to heated division and the Civil War

Us advantages in the war for independence
US Advantages in the Britain)War for Independence

  • Drive and determination:

    • Fighting for their homeland and the right to govern themselves

    • Knew if they lost, they’d be hung for treason

  • Knowledge:

    • Fighting on their own front, know the land

    • Had fought alongside the British and were familiar with their tactics

George washington

The Leaders of the Armies Britain)

George Washington

  • Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army

Lord Charles Cornwallis

  • A Colonel in the British Army

    • Most famous leader and active in the Southern Campaigns

The northern war
The Northern War Britain)

  • The Battle of Saratoga (New York):

    • General Horatio Gates in charge of Continentals

    • Key Victory: convinced the French the US could possibly win

      • Result: France and the US forged an alliance

The northern war1
The Northern War Britain)

  • Valley Forge (Pennsylvania):

    • Harsh winter

    • No supplies or clothes

    • Many men died, became too sick to serve

    • After enduring VF: Washington’s men more determined and better trained then ever

The birth of a nation chapter 2

  • Video Clip Britain)

  • America the Story of Us

  • 24:47-31:18, CD 1 (Episode 2, Revolution)

  • Questions in packet

The southern war
The Southern War Britain)

  • The “Palmetto State”—South Carolina

    • Name given after the attack on Fort Moultrie

    • US victory, British retreat

    • Fort made of palmetto trees, absorbed the blows of British artillery

The southern war1
The Southern War Britain)

  • Southern Colonial Leaders

    • Practiced guerilla warfare

    • More interested in inflicting damage then winning battles

Thomas Sumter

The Carolina Gamecock

Francis Marion

The Swamp Fox

The southern war2
The Southern War Britain)

  • “Bloody Ban” and the Green Dragoons

    • Green Dragoons: British Light Calvary led by Banastre Tarleton

    • Known for cruelty and “Tarleton’s Quarter”

      • Refusal to accept surrenders, killed all prisoners

    • Banastre Tarleton—most hated British soldier, used for Colonial propaganda

The southern war3
The Southern War Britain)

  • Tarleton about Francis Marion—

    • “as for this damned old fox, the Devil himself could not catch him.”

Yorktown Britain)

  • Cornwallis originally hoped to gain supplies, but instead became pinned between the US and the Ocean

  • French ships provided a blockade—keeping British ships from reaching Cornwallis

  • October 19,1781—Cornwallis surrendered to Washington

The treaty of paris
The Treaty of Paris Britain)

  • Signed in 1783, officially ended the war

  • US independence recognized by the British government

Worldwide impact of the american revolution
Worldwide Impact of Britain)the American Revolution

  • US ideas spread abroad

  • Helped ignite other movements:

    • French Revolution

    • The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

Centuries Britain)

  • How can you decided was century something is?

  • What years are the 15th century, 16th century, 17th century, 18th century?

  • What century do we live in?

Video clip3
Video Clip Britain)

  • The Patriot

    • 1:02:06-1:11:00 (Start at scene 12)

    • Questions are in packet.

  • Before film—discuss term “militia”

Review video
Review Video: Britain)

  • America the Story of Us—The Boston Massacre

Video clip4
Video Clip: Britain)

  • John Adams—The Declaration of Independence

Video clip5
Video Clip: Britain)

  • America the Story of Us—Declaration of Independence

Practice Britain)

  • 2.1 Questions on pgs. 42-43