EDUCATION. Individualized Education Program (IEP) Special Education Nonpublic School (NPS) 504 Plan. Overview. Individualized Education Program (IEP) Definition Process / Timeline Services / Educational Placement Options Responsibilities Special Education Definition
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EDUCATION • Individualized Education Program (IEP) • Special Education • Nonpublic School (NPS) • 504 Plan
Overview • Individualized Education Program (IEP) • Definition • Process / Timeline • Services / Educational Placement Options • Responsibilities • Special Education • Definition • Eligible Disabilities • Non Public School (NPS) • Definition • 504 Plan • Definition • Qualifying Conditions
Individualized Education Program (IEP) Definition • A written education plan for a school-aged child with disabilities developed by a team of professional and the child’s parent(s); it is reviewed and updated yearly and describes how the child is presently doing, what the child’s learning needs are, and what services the child will need.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Timeline • 15 days - Within 15 days of holders of education rights written request for a special education assessment received by the school district, an assessment plan is sent from the school. • 50 days - Holder of education rights signs authorizing the Assessment Plan, then the IEP meeting must be held within 50 calendar days of receipt of signed consent to consider assessment results. ** ********* ** • 30 days - If the child has an IEP and is not making satisfactory progress, another IEP meeting can be requested in writing by holder of education rights or the school and held within 30 calendar days. • 30 days - Students new to the school district, who receive special education services, must have an IEP meeting held within 30 days.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Assessment and IEP Process Consent and IEP Development Meeting Written Referral for Assessment from Holder of Education Rights Assessment Plan by Professional Team IEP Implementation School Provides Special Education Services IEP Review Follow-up IEP Meetings
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Referral for Assessment • Parents/guardians, CSWs, teachers, other school personnel, and community members may refer a child for an assessment for special education services. • The referral needs to identify why the child needs the testing to improve the child’s academic skills. • Make the request to school principal in writing.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Authorization for Assessment • Holder of EducationRights (the parent unless otherwise identified by the court) must give signed consent to authorize a psychoeducational assessment to take place.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Assessment • Involves the school gathering information about the child, including: • tests • observations • interviews • work samples • school records
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Assessment The assessment may include testing in: • Academic • Social Emotional Development • Fine and Gross Motor Ability • Speech and Language • General Ability • Hearing Assessment • Health and Physical Development • Vocational Ability
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Purpose of the Meeting: • Determines if the child qualifies for special education services • Determines present levels of performance • Strengths and weaknesses • Establishes goals for the child’s progress • Develops a written document describing the child’s educational needs and services to be provided
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Meeting Attendees: • Core participants: • Holder Of Education Rights • Administrator • School Psychologist • Special Education Teacher • General Education Teacher • Group Home Provider (if child resides in a group home) • And if appropriate: • Child • CSW • Child’s Attorney • Other District Staff
Individualized Education Program (IEP)SampleMeeting Agenda: (1) • Summary of Parent/Student Rights • History of Case • Parent/Student Share Concerns • Reports of Individual Assessments by Examiners or Designees • Eligibility for Special Education • Not Applicable for Regular Annual Reviews • Written Statement if Student Does Not Qualify
Individualized Education Program (IEP)SampleMeeting Agenda: (2) • Meeting Summary • Summarize IEP • Address Questions • Acquaint Parents with Future Procedures, e.g., annual reviews, transition IEPs, triennial review dates • Explain Due Process • Sign Appropriate Forms* • Parents are provided with legible copy of the IEP document • Adjourn
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Information Contained in an IEP: • Present level of performance • Statement about child’s disability • Annual goals and objectives, including measurement standards • Statements defining services to be provided • How often, when and in what setting services will take place • How child will participate in general education activities with non-disabled peers • Plan to address any behavioral issues
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Possible Other Services that can be included in the IEP • Language and speech • Audiological services • Psychological Counseling • Adapted physical education • Physical and Occupational therapy • Transportation • Rehabilitation Counseling • Positive Behavior Support (based on need identified in a functional analysis assessment)
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Educational Placement OptionsIn order of least to most restrictive • General education class • General education class with consultation • General education class with DIS (designated instruction and service) • General education class and RSP (resource specialist program) • General education class and SDC (special day class) • Special day class • Special school • Public/Non-public school dual enrollment • Non-public school • Home or Hospital
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Frequency of Meetings • Once the IEP meeting is held, follow up meetings occur on the following schedule: • Annual review • Every third year comprehensive testing and evaluation • As needed, at the request of the holder of education rights or school
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Disagreements • If parent (or Holder of Education Rights) disagrees with any portion of the IEP, parents should indicate portions agreed upon so they may be implemented immediately, and a plan should be developed for resolving areas of disagreement.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)SUMMARY OF RESPONSIBILITIES
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Holder of Education Rights: • Has the responsibility to authorize the request for the psycho educational assessment. • Must attend the IEP meeting. • Be prepared to discuss the child's strengths and needs about the child's education progress. • Participate in the decisions impacting the child’s education and services needed. • Sign the IEP document.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)Children’s Social Worker’s Role: • Collaborate with holder of education rights and school • Share in the assessment, including strengths and needs • Advocate for the child • Provide the caregiver a copy of the IEP • The CSW is not permitted to sign the IEP document.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)School: • Has the responsibility to provide the child educational services • Provide assessment services • Organize the IEP meeting • Provide special education services individualized to the child’s IEP
Defined as “specially designed instruction” to meet the unique needs of a student with a disability. Every child has the right to a public school education in the least restrictive environment (LRE), which provides for interactions with nondisabled peers as appropriate. This includes: Partial day attendance in general education classes Participating in extracurricular activities Special EducationDefinition
Special EducationDisabilities Eligible for Special Education Services • Some examples to be assessed are: • Speech and Language Development • Vision Problems • Hearing Problem Physical Development • Academic Development • Cognitive / Memory Skills • Attention / Perception Skills • Social / Emotional Development • Living Skills • If a child has difficulties that interfere with his/her ability to learn it will need to be assessed to qualify as a disability.
Special EducationFederal Law for the Provision of Special Education Services • IDEA • Educational services provided in public schools based on law Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) renamed in 1991. • IDEA address children with educational disabilities from ages 3 to 21 years of age. • An educational disability is a condition that prevents a child from benefiting from his/her education, not necessarily based on a child’s intelligence. • Each child has an IEP designed to the child’s unique needs.
Special EducationThe Six Principles of IDEA • Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) • Appropriate Evaluation • Individualized Education Program (IEP) • Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) • Parent and Student Participation in Decision Making • Procedural Safeguards
Special EducationServices Provided • Are based on: • Assessments • Multidisciplinary team meeting • Outcomes of the IEP meeting • Individual to the child • Ongoing status reviews of prescribed IEP meetings
Special EducationCSW Role • Discuss with the caregiver how the child is progressing in school and if special education services are being provided • Talk with the child about school • Obtain school IEP and reports routinely • Meet with the teacher, including attending IEP meeting • Include educational information and progress in court report every time.
Special Education / Early ChildhoodEarly Intervention Services for Children • Age Birth - 5 years with significant developmental delay in the developmental milestones related to: • Cognitive • Physical (motor, vision, and hearing) • Communication • Social or Emotional • Adaptive • Condition which may result in severe delays
Special Education / Early ChildhoodChildren’s Social Workers’ Role • If you or the caregiver suspect the child qualifies for Early Intervention Services make a referral to the local school district or regional center for an assessment • Best to make the referral in writing • Holder of educational rights must sign consent to authorize the assessment • An Individual Family Service Plan (IFSP) is the document describing what is needed
Non Public School (NPS)Definition • Non Public Schools (NPS) are private, special education schools certified and regulated by the State, with oversight by the referring school district for full compliance with education codes. • The local school districts facilitates the psycho educational assessments and IEP meetings, not the NPS. • NPS are often affiliated with a group home. They are designed to meet the needs of a very small population of students when no appropriate public school is available.
Non Public SchoolAssessment and Collaboration Prior to any Placement in a NPS • Per federal education law, a child placed in a group home affiliated with a NPS, cannot attend the NPS without a current IEP which specifically states the child’s needs can only be met in a NPS. • If an IEP does not exist, the local school district must provide educational services. • The decision to place a child in a NPS is a collaboration of the holder of education rights and the local school district, not the group home or CSW.
Non Public SchoolCSW’s Role • Report to the court the child’s academic progress. • Attach to the court report: • Grades • Attendance record • IEP • BEST PRACTICE - Attend the IEP meeting for a student attending a NPS: • Participate to develop a plan to transition the child back to a public school. • Advocate for dual enrollment. Students can be enrolled in a combination of public and nonpublic school classes.
Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act (504 Plan)Definition • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 protects persons from discrimination based upon their disability status. The law provides for accommodations to students who meet specific criteria. • This Civil Rights law protects individuals who have a physical or mental impairment, which substantially limits one or more life activities. • Funding is not allotted for Section 504 accommodations, which may relate to building and program accessibility.
Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act (504 Plan) Holder of Education Rights • Unlike Special Education, 504 Plans do not require the school to provide an IEP designed to meet the child’s unique needs and provides for the child’s educational benefit. • The law requires notice to the Holder of Education Rightswith respect to identification, evaluation and/or placement.
Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act (504 Plan) Criteria for Services • The following are examples of qualifying conditions to meet the 504 Plan criteria: • Asthma • Behavior Problems • Tourette’s Syndrome • Emotional Problems • Obesity • Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Summary • IEP brings together a multidisciplinary team to assess the child’s needs and develop a plan to address educational services. • Special Education is the program system that provides the educational services specific to the child in the least restrictive environment. • Non Public Schools are specialized schools with services identified in an IEP as essential to the child’s learning.
Summary • Only the holder of the education rights can authorize the assessment of the child for special education services and sign the IEP document. • CSW has a support role in the process and reports decisions, services, and results to the court.
Resources • Internet link to Educational Liaisons for foster youth in local school districts • Internet link to “18 Tips for Getting Quality Special Education Services for Your Child” • Internet link to Los Angeles County SELPA directors • Internet link to DCFS public website - Health and Education icon